Tools and their use

– Tools for turning – Tools and handling and gripping – Tools for hammering and driving – Tools for cutting and forming – Tools for drilling and reaming – Tools for material for grinding – Tools for pulling and pushing – SST

Tools for turning Spanners(Wrenches): Types: 1) Open –end Spanners 2) Combination Spanners 3) Ring Spanners 4) Socket Spanners 5) Flare nut Spanners 6) Special Spanners 7) Adjustable spanners

Tools for turning
1) Open –end Spanners
• Turning square head nuts and bolts. • Size is determined by width of opening. • End is usually offset 15 degrees, each end is a different size

Tools for turning
2) Combination Spanners:
• One end open, one end boxed both the same size can be different lengths • Turning hex and square nuts and bolts.

Tools for turning
3) Ring Spanners
• End is totally enclosed in 6 or 12 point openings. Can be double offset or box offset 15 degrees for clearance for hand. • Comes in different lengths, each end is a different size, good wrench for breaking loose tight bolt sturning hex head nuts and bolts.

Tools for turning
4 ) Socket Spanners • Tubular type spanners
• • that fits over the nut. Used with a detachable handle. The drive end of the handle has a square end which fits into a square hole in the socket

Tools for turning
Socket Accessories

Speed Braces

Universal Joints

Extension Pieces

Ratchet handles

Tools for turning
5) Tubing Wrench - Flare Nut • Box type wrench with section cut away. One end sometimes might be open like a combination wrench.

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Tools for turning

6) Special Spanners
Ring Spanner of C shape, S shape and L shape are used at places which are hard to reach with normal spanner

Tools for turning 7) Adjustable spanners
• Useful for irregular size bolts and nuts. Should be use for special work only. Must not be considered as a substitute for all spanner. Often referred to as shifting spanner


Tools for turning 6) Spanner Sizes

• • •

Spanners are marked with the size of the nut or head of the bolt on which they will be used The dimension across the nut or bolt head from one flat side to the other, referred to as across the flat Metric spanner are marked in millimeters. Typical Markings are 6mm,7mm, 8mm,10mm, 12mm, 14mm, 17mm, 19mm etc

Tools for turning Torque Wrenches
• Torque wrenches are used to tighten bolts and nuts to a specified torque. Torque wrenches are used because over tighten could cause distortion of parts, stripped threads or broken bolts, while under tightening could allow a bolt or nut to become loose

Pipe Wrench
• Turning and holding metal pipe.

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TOOLS FOR TURNING SCREW DRIVERS
• A screwdriver is a tool for driving screws and rotating other machine elements with the mating drive system. • There are two common types of screw drivers available – Flat – Philips

Tools for turning Wheel Braces

Tools for holding and gripping
• • • • •

Pliers
Pliers Circlip Plier Multi grip pliers Vice grip plier Tongs

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Tools for holding and gripping
• Circlip Plier

Pliers

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Tools for holding and gripping
• Multi grip pliers

Pliers

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Tools for holding and gripping
• Vice grip plier

Pliers

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Tools for holding and gripping
• Tongs

Pliers

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Tools for holding and gripping
• Locking Pliers or Vise grips (Brand Name)

Pliers

• Needle nose Locking Pliers or Vise grips

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Tools for holding and gripping

Bench vice
• Bench vice are used to support parts while they are being dismantled or reassemble. • Vice are used to hold material while it is being sawn, filed, drilled, chiseled or worked in some other way.

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Tools for Hammering and Driving

Hammers
• • • • • Ballpein hammer Crosspein hammer Panel Hammer Sledge hammer Soft Head Hammer

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Tools for Hammering and Driving

Hammers
• Ballpein hammer: • This is the most commonly used in workshop. • The flat face of the hammer is used for striking punches and chisel and also for general work.
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Tools for Hammering and Driving

Hammers
• Crosspein hammer • It is useful for work in corners that would not be accessible with a ballpein

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Tools for Hammering and Driving

Hammers
• Panel hammer: • This is a special shaped hammer that is used with a dolly for beating out damaged body panels.

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Tools for Hammering and Driving

Hammers
• Sledge hammer: • This is a special shaped hammer that is used with a dolly for beating out damaged body panels.

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Tools for Hammering and Driving

Hammers
• Softhead hammer: • This is used for striking surface that can easily be marked or damaged. • The faces or heads of soft hammers can be of rubber, lead, brass or copper.

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Tools for Hammering and Driving

Punches
• Center punches

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Tools for Cutting and forming

Hacksaws

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Tools for Cutting and forming

Chisel

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Tools for Cutting and forming

Files

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Tools for Drilling and Reaming

Twist Drills

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Tools for Threading

Taps

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Tools for Threading

Dies

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Tools and Material for Grinding and abrading

Grinding wheel

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Tools and Pulling and Pushing

Pullers

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Tools and Pulling and Pushing

Presses

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