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• the science and art of preventing disease, prolonging life and promoting health and efficiency through organized community effort for the:
→ Sanitation of the environment
→ Control of communicable diseases
→ Education of individuals in personal hygiene → Organization of medical and nursing services for the early diagnosis and preventive treatment of disease
→ Development of social machinery to ensure everyone a standard of living adequate for the maintenance of health
PUBLIC HEALTH . C.The ART OF APPLYING SCIENCE in the CONTEXT OF POLITICS so as to REDUCE INEQUALITIES IN HEALTH while ensuring the best health for the greatest number.Organizing these benefits in order TO ENABLE EVERY CITIZEN TO REALIZE HIS BIRTHRIGHT TO HEALTH AND LONGEVITY.E. WHO . Winslow . – Dr.
– WHO Expert Committee on Nursing . rehabilitation and the prevention of illness and disability. .PUBLIC HEALTH NURSING . It is COMMUNITY HEALTH NURSING PRACTICED IN THE PUBLIC HEALTH SECTOR.is the practice of nursing in national and local government health departments (which include health centers and rural health units) and public schools. PUBLIC HEALTH.Standard PHN in the Philippines .SPECIAL FIELD OF NURSING THAT COMBINES THE SKILLS OF NURSING. and some PHASES OF SOCIAL ASSISTANCE and FUNCTIONS AS PART OF THE TOTAL PUBLIC HEALTH PROGRAM for the promotion of health. the improvement of conditions in the social and physical environment.
• a group of people with common characteristics or interests living together within a territory or geographical boundary • place where people under usual conditions are found .COMMUNITY • Derived from a latin word “comunicas” which means a group of people.
mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity.HEALTH • Health is a state of complete physical. .
COMMUNITY HEALTH • Part of paramedical and medical intervention/approach which is concerned on the health of the whole population .
and advocacy in the care of individuals. and populations -ANA (2003) . families. alleviation of suffering through the diagnosis and treatment of human response. communities. preventions of illness and injury.NURSING • Nursing is the protection. and optimization of health and abilities. promotion.
families and individuals at home. – Jacobson .Service rendered by a professional nurse to communities.Nursing practice in a wide variety of community services and consumer advocate areas and a variety of roles. health centers.Ruth B.community nursing is certainly not confined to public health nursing agencies. prevention of illness.COMMUNITY HEALTH NURSING . at times including independent practice…. clinics. . Freeman . groups. schools and in places of work for the promotion of health. care of the sick at home and rehabilitation.
concerned with the PROMOTION OF HEALTH. Araceli Maglaya . families. PREVENTION OF DISEASE AND DISABILITY and REHABILITATION. population groups and communities.The utilization of the NURSING PROCESS in the different LEVELS OF CLIENTELE. Individuals.COMMUNITY HEALTH NURSING . – Dr.
The philosophy of care is based on the belief that care directed to the individual.PHILOSOPHY OF COMMUNITY HEALTH NURSING . .The philosophy of CHN is based on the worth and dignity of men. the family and the group which contribute to the healthcare of the population as a whole.
GOAL OF COMMUNITY HEALTH NURSING .To raise the level of health of the citizenry by helping communities and families cope with the discontinuities in and threats to health in such a way as to maximize their potential for high level wellness. .
with . families & communities. • To coordinate nursing services various members of health team.OBJECTIVES OF COMMUNITY HEALTH NURSING • To participate in the development of an over all health plan for the community. To provide quality nursing services to individuals.
OBJECTIVES OF COMMUNITY HEALTH NURSING • To participate in and/or conduct researches relevant to community health and community health nursing services and disseminate their results for improvement of health. .
PRINCIPLES OF COMMUNITY HEALTH NURSING • Is based on recognized needs of communities. and status. • Must be available to all regardless of race. • The Family is the unit of service. . families. groups and individuals. creed.
.PRINCIPLES OF COMMUNITY HEALTH NURSING • Health Teaching is a responsibility of C.H. • There should be accurate recording and reporting. Nurse primary • CHN works as a member of the health team and make uses of the available community health resources.
The hallmark of community health nursing is that it is population.or aggregate-focused .
priority of health-promotive and disease preventive strategies over curative interventions . implementing and evaluating the impact of health services on population groups 3. emphasis on the importance of the “greatest good for the greatest number” 2. assessing health needs planning.CHN IS A SYNTHESIS OF NURSING AND PUBLIC HEALTH PRACTICE 1.
CHN IS A SYNTHESIS OF NURSING AND PUBLIC HEALTH PRACTICE 4. application of principles of management and organization in the delivery of health services to the community . tools for measuring and analyzing community health problems. and 5.
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FAMILY is the UNIT OF CARE and there are FOUR LEVELS OF CLIENTELE: (a) INDIVIDUAL (b) FAMILY (c) POPULATION GROUP (d) COMMUNITY .BASIC PRINCIPLES AND CONCEPTS OF COMMUNITY HEALTH NURSING (1) The COMMUNITY is the PATIENT in CHN.
in general. . in particular and CHANGES IN SOCIETY. (4) The goal of CHN is achieved through MULTI-SECTORAL EFFORTS.BASIC PRINCIPLES AND CONCEPTS OF COMMUNITY HEALTH NURSING (2) The CLIENT is considered as an ACTIVE PARTNER. (3) CHN practice is AFFECTED BY DEVELOPMENTS IN HEALTH TECHNOLOGY. (5) CHN is a PART of HEALTH CARE SYSTEM and the LARGER HUMAN SERVICE SYSTEM. not a passive recipient of care.
utilizes the nursing process in the care of the client in the home setting through home visits and in public health care facilities.ROLE OF THE PUBLIC HEALTH NURSE → CLINICIAN or health care provider .utilizes teaching skills to improve the health knowledge. skills and attitudes o the individual. . Conducts health information campaigns to various groups for the purpose of health promotion and disease prevention. → HEALTH EDUCATOR . conducts referral of patients to appropriate levels of care when necessary. family and the community.
ROLE OF THE PUBLIC HEALTH NURSE → COORDINATOR and COLLABORATOR . private sectors.monitors and supervises the performance of midwives and other auxiliary health workers. . initiates the formulation of staff development and training programs for midwives and auxiliary health workers.establishes linkages and collaborative relationship with other health professionals. NGO and people’s organizations to address health problems. → SUPERVISOR . government agencies.
ROLE OF THE PUBLIC HEALTH NURSE → LEADER and CHANGE AGENT .organizes the nursing service component of the local health agency or local government unit. . Responsible for the delivery of package of services provided by the health program to the target clientele.influences people to participate in the over-all process of community development → MANAGER .participates in the conduct of research and utilizes research findings in practice. → RESEARCHER .
(5) Initiates and provide opportunities for professional growth and continuing education for staff development. NGOs/government agencies in the provision of public health services (4) Initiates and conduct researches relevant to CHN services to improve provision of health care program to the target clientele. its implementation and evaluation for communities.RESPONSIBILITIES OF COMMUNITY HEALTH NURSE (1) Participates in the development of an overall health plan. (2) Provides quality nursing services to the four levels of clientele (3) Maintains coordination/linkages with other health team members. .
the application of nursing principles and procedures in conserving the health workers in all occupations (3) School Health Nursing . community networks and the basic science (2) Occupational Health Nursing . social psychology. mental health.SPECIALIZED FIELDS OF COMMUNITY HEALTH NURSING (1) Community Mental Health Nursing .the application of nursing theories and principles in the care of the school population .a unique clinical process which includes an integration of concepts from nursing.