Topic 19 : Management and Leadership

Copyright © 2002 by Harcourt, Inc. All rights reserved.

All rights reserved. Inc.LEARNING GOALS • Explain the functions of management • Explain the qualities of leadership • State the three major styles of leadership • State the factors that may affect leadership styles Copyright © 2002 by Harcourt. .

leading. and controlling an organization(a group of one or more people or entities) or effort for the purpose of accomplishing a goal.• What is management and leadership? Management: managers responsible for getting things done. or directing. . Inc. © PhotoDisc Copyright © 2002 by Harcourt. All rights reserved. Management comprises planning. usually through other people or the process of realizing organizational objectives through people and other resources. Management in all business areas and organizational activities refers to the acts of getting people together to accomplish desired goals and objectives. organizing.staffing.

Inc. Leadership is stated as the process of social influence in which one person can enlist the aid and support of others in the accomplishment of a common task. . All rights reserved. © PhotoDisc Copyright © 2002 by Harcourt.• What is management and leadership? Leadership: being a leader or the ability to be a leader in an organization.

Inc. .The functions of management • • • • • • Planning: Organizing Commanding Coordinating Motivating Controlling © PhotoDisc Copyright © 2002 by Harcourt. All rights reserved.

Inc. All rights reserved.Qualities of leadership positive self image Clear vision Key leadership qualities Innovative ideas to problems Quickly sense and respond to changes Copyright © 2002 by Harcourt. .

explain the possible differences between them. . © PhotoDisc Copyright © 2002 by Harcourt.Question for critical thinking • Do you think managers are the same as leaders? If not. Inc. All rights reserved.

All rights reserved.Types of leadership style • Autocratic leadership style • Democratic leadership style: • persuasive or consultative Laissez-faire leadership style © PhotoDisc Copyright © 2002 by Harcourt. Inc. .

. such as urgent tasks or military actions Disadvantages: poor decisions.Leadership styles • A leadership style where the leader Autocratic • • makes all decisions independently or without consulting with others Advantages: good in certain circumstances. All rights reserved. poor level of employee motivation Copyright © 2002 by Harcourt. Inc.

All rights reserved. Inc. employee motivation Disadvantages: delayed decision. long consultation Copyright © 2002 by Harcourt. .Leadership styles • A leadership style where Autocratic Democratic • • • a leader encourages employee participation in decision-making persuasive or consultative Advantages: better decisions.

Leadership styles • Autocratic Democratic • • Laissez-faire A leadership style where employees are encouraged to make their own decisions within limits. little incentive. maybe a mess © PhotoDisc Copyright © 2002 by Harcourt. Inc. Advantages: more freedom for employees Disadvantages: few guidelines. All rights reserved. . poor motivation.

selling leadership. Could you try to explain them? © PhotoDisc Copyright © 2002 by Harcourt. . Inc. All rights reserved. participating leadership.Question for critical thinking • Leadership styles are also described by some researchers as the following: telling leadership. and delegating leadership.

All rights reserved. . Inc.Managers as Leaders • Leadership Styles • Autocratic leadership—boss makes decisions on their own without consulting employees • Democratic leadership—involves subordinates in making decisions Copyright © 2002 by Harcourt.

leaving most decisions to subordinates • Empowerment—practice in which managers lead employees by sharing power. and decision making with them Copyright © 2002 by Harcourt. . responsibility. Inc. All rights reserved.Managers as Leaders • Leadership Styles • Free-reign leadership—leader believes in minimal supervision.

All rights reserved. Inc.• Comparison of Leadership Styles Copyright © 2002 by Harcourt. .

Factors affecting leadership styles • • • • • • The task The tradition of an organization The type of labor force The leader’s personality The time Gender? © PhotoDisc Copyright © 2002 by Harcourt. . All rights reserved. Inc.

subordinates. All rights reserved.Managers as Leaders • Which Leadership Style Is Best? • • Depends on function of the leader. and situation Some leaders can’t work well with high participation of subordinates Some employees lack the ability or desire to assume responsibility Participative decision making may be better when time pressure is not acute • • Copyright © 2002 by Harcourt. Inc. .

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