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8/8/2012 DNV international Education Academy

Submitted to :- Abha Kalaiya


Submitted by :- Vijay parwani
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8/8/2012 DNV international Education Academy

CITIZENSHIP
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Who was born in India, or either of whose parents was born in India, or who has been ordinarily resident in India for not less then five years immediately preceding 26th January, 1950. (Art. 5).

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A person who has migrated to India from Pakistan can be a citizen of India.

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WHAT IS THE MEANING OF RIGHTS

Rights literally mean those freedoms which are essential for personal good as well as the good of the community.

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THE RIGHTS OF AN INDIAN


The six fundamental rights are:Right to equality. 2. Right to freedom. 3. Right against exploitation. 4.Right to freedom of religion. 5. Cultural and educational rights. 6. Right to constitutional remedies.
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RIGHT TO EQUALITY
Includes..

Equality of law.
Prohibition of discrimination on grounds of religion, race, caste, sex or place of birth. Equality of opportunity in matters of employment.

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RIGHT TO FREEDOM

Right to freedom and expression, which enable an individual to participate in public activities. Freedom to assemble peacefully without arms. Freedom to form associations or unions. Freedom to move freely throughout the territory of India. Freedom to reside and settle in any part of the territory of India. Freedom to practice any profession or to carry on any occupation, trade or business.

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RIGHT AGAINST EXPLIOTATION

Abolition of trafficking in human beings and Beggar (forced labor). Abolition of employment of children below the age of 14 years in dangerous jobs like factories and mines.

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THE RIGHT TO FREEDOM OF RELIGION


All religions are equal before the State and no religion shall be given preference over the other. Citizens are free to preach, practice and propagate any religion of their choice. The objective of this right is to sustain the principle of secularism in India.

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CULTURAL AND EDUCATIONAL RIGHTS


Any community which has a language and a script of its own has the right to conserve and develop them. No citizen can be discriminated against for admission in State or State aided institutions.

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RIGHT TO CONSTITUTIONAL REMEDIES

Empowers the citizens to move a court of law in case of any denial of fundamental rights

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8/8/2012 DNV international Education Academy

TEN FUNDANMANTAL DUTIES

1.

To abide by the constitution and to respect ideals of constitution and institutions, the National Flag and the National Anthem.

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CONTED..
2. To cherish and follow the noble ideals which inspired our national struggle for freedom.

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CONTED..

3. To uphold and protect the unity and integrity of India.

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4. To defend the country and render national service when called upon to do so.

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5. To promote harmony and the spirit of common brotherhood amongst all the people of India linguistic and regional or sectional diversities; to renounce practices derogatory to the dignity of women.

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6. To value and preserve the rich heritage of our composite culture.

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7. To protect and improve the natural environment including forests, lakes, rivers and wild life, and to have compassion for living creatures.

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8. To develop the scientific temper, humanism and the spirit of inquiry and reform.

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9. To safeguard public property and to abjure violence

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10. To strive towards excellence in all spheres of individual and collective activity so that the nation constantly rises to higher levels of Endeavour and achievement.
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8/8/2012 DNV international Education Academy

FUNDAMENTAL DUTIES THE UNION


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A.

The Union Executive


The President of India (Arts. 52-62, 73). 2. The Vice-President of India (Arts. 63-71). 3. The Council of Minister (Arts. 74-78). 4. The attorney-general for India (Arts. 76, 88, & 124).
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THE PRESIDENT OF INDIA


Rules as To Election of President (Arts. 54-55, 58-59 & 71) Qualification for election (Arts. 58-59). Powers of The President (Arts. 3, 53, 72-77, 85-87 etc. & 392).

8/8/2012 DNV international Education Academy

Executive powers. Military powers. Legislation powers. Rule-making powers. Judicial powers. Emergency powers. Financial powers. Miscellaneous powers.

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THE VICE-PRESIDENT OF INDIA


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How elected [Art.66(1) & (2)] Qualification for election as vice-president [Arts. 66(3), (4) & (71)] How he may resign [Art. 67(a)] How removed [Arts. 67(b)]

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PARALLEL STATE STRUCTURE


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Formal political structure of the states parallels that of the national government. State Governor Chief Minister Assembly High Court

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National President Prime Minister Parliament Supreme Court

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THE LEGISLATURE
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Parliamentary system of government

the executive authority is responsible to the Parliament

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B.

Parliament (Arts. 79-122)


The constitution of parliament (Arts. 79-88, 330, 331, 334) 2. Disqualification of members of parliament (Arts. 101-104) 3. Disabilities of parliament and its members (Arts. 101, 105 & 106) 4. Conduct of parliament business (Arts. 85-88, 99, 100, 104, 121-122 & the third schedule) 5. Procedure in financial matters (Arts. 112-117) 6. General provision (Arts. 120-122)
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CONSTITUTION OF PARLIAMENT THE LEGISLATURE


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Bicameral Parliament

Rajya Sabha (Council of States) Lok Sabha (House of the People)

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RAJYA SABHA (COUNCIL OF STATES)


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The Upper House

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UPPER HOUSE
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Rajya Sabha (Council of States) Not more than 250 members

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12 are nominated by the President of India The rest are indirectly elected

The Council of States can not be dissolved


Members have terms of 6 years 1/3 members retire at end of every 2nd year

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LOK SABHA

House of the People

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LOWER HOUSE
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Lok Sabha (House of the People) 545 members

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2 are appointed by the President of India The rest are directly elected from single-member districts.

5-year terms unless dissolved

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C.

the Union Judiciary (Arts. 124-147)


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Supreme court judges (Arts. 124-128) The Supreme court of India (Arts. 129-147)

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FUNDAMENTAL DUTIES THE STATE


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A.

The State Executive (Arts. 152-167 etc.)


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2. 3.

The Governor (Arts. 153-166, etc.) The council of Ministers (Arts. 163-164) The Advocate-general for the state (Art. 165, etc.).

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B.

The State Legislation (Arts. 168-212)


1. 2.

The Legislation assembly (Arts. 170-172, etc.) The legislation council (Arts. 171-173 etc.)

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C.

The High courts in the state (Arts.214-230,etc.) Subordinate courts (Arts. 233-236)

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D.

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8/8/2012 DNV international Education Academy