KAZAKHSTAN

Land area Capital Climate: Population Currency

2,717,300 sq km Astana Continental, cold winters and hot summers; arid and semi-arid. 16.2m Kazakhstan Tenge (KZT) 1 USD = 150.020 KZT 0.45 0.4 0.35 0.3 0.25 0.2 0.15 0.1 0.05 0 -0.05 -0.1

Population- Main Cities
1,600,000 1,400,000 1,200,000 1,000,000 800,000 600,000 400,000 200,000 0

Population Growth Rate

`00 `01 `02 `03 `04 `05 `06 `07 `08 `09 `10 `11
Source: http://www.indexmundi.com/g/g.aspx?c=kz&v=24

Rate -0.1 0.03 0.1 0.17 0.26 0.3 0.33 0.35 0.37 0.39 0.4 0.4

grain.000004 0.6 billion GDP per capita: $ 13. chemicals 5%.) Population below poverty line: 8. meat.4% (2011 est.3 billion Unemployment rate: 5. foodstuffs Gross external debt: $123 billion. the GDP forecast over the coming years looks promising Exchange rate has been around 145-150KZT for past two years USD-KZT Exchange Rate Economy GDP: $219.00001 0. Foreign exchange reserves: $29.000002 0 Millions .000 Inflation rate: 7. Unemployment rate has witnessed a constant decrease Unemployment Rate 0. machinery 3%. ferrous metals 19%. coal Imports: $42.000006 0.commodities: machinery and equipment 41%.2% Central bank discount rate: 7.000008 0.5% A small rate of positive inflation indicates a growing economy. wool. Exports commodities: oil and oil products 59%. metal products 13%.).16 14 12 10 8 6 4 2 0 GDP (YoY %) 20 15 10 5 0 Inflation Rate After a dip during recession.13 billion (2011 est.89 billion (2011 est.) Imports: .000012 0.4% Trade: Exports: $88.

and GDP increased 7% year-on-year in 2011 •Its economy suffers from an overreliance on oil and extractive industries •Kazakhstan has embarked on an ambitious diversification program. •Kazakhstan has stable relationships with all of its neighbors.GDP Composition 5% Agriculture 57% 38% Industry Services Political structure: presidential republic President: Nursultan Nazarbayev Last parliamentary election: mid-January 2012 The president wields almost total control over all three branches of government and dictates national policy priorities Some Other Facts: •It possesses enormous fossil fuel reserves and plentiful supplies of other minerals and metals •Kazakhstan's economy has largely recovered from the global financial crisis of 2008. telecommunications. pharmaceuticals.[Important for a landlocked country] . aimed at developing targeted sectors like transport. petrochemicals and food processing •A new tax code came into effect on January 1st 2009. which cut the rate of corporate tax from 30% to 20% and lowered the rate of value-added tax (VAT) from 13% to 12%.

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