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and non-political organization that should not `openly engage in violence or advocate violence as a political tactic and that they should be able to raise funds from their members or voluntary contributions.DEFINITION  Non Governmental Organizations in the UN System" describes NGOs as non-commercial. and therefore should have a non-profit making aim. .

Such a goal may be short or long-term. professional. .WHAT ARE THE REASONS OF FOUNDATION NGOs are founded by people who voluntarily associate with an aim of working together to achieve a common goal/objective. needs driven or otherwise.

.REASONS FOR EXISTENCE  Another reason for the existence of NGOs is that people come together in independent groups to promote some type of activity that is not being undertaken by governments. governments may already be involved in an activity but groups are formed in order to challenge the way government is handling it. Alternatively.

ability to assess an existing gap in the provision of a service(s) or goods which calls for the skills to analyze what is and what ought to be. . conceptualization of vision.REQUIREMENT FOR FORMATION OF NGO’S  Formation of NGOs require innovative thinking.the real and the ideal. creativity.

government and other possible state holders.Most founders of successful NGOs  They have ability to influence and mobilize popular support from beneficiaries. . are willing to work voluntarily at least in the formative stages.  They are good at planning. have entrepreneurial and managerial skills.  They should be clear on their geographical area of operation and have clearly stated missions and objectives. should be able to understand the culture and traditions of the target groups and be ready to move with and adopt to the changing environment.

AVIS. In most cases they do have their own financial resources. Many other factors like creation of employment for their citizens.Main levels of NGO’S Involvement in the welfare and the Development Process  Development Oriented NGO’s:-These raise money from their own governments.  Technical intervention NGOs: These two are NGOs from the North that tend to carry out development projects themselves.protecting human rights. research for higher . Some of these organizations include USAID. Oxfam. Examples of these are CARE. Such support NGOs are very common in the 3rd World Countries and are usually prompted by two factors namely: a) Lack of the State involvement in development programmes. developmental/farmer organizations at the field Action level.  Support/Intermediary organizations: The purpose is to offer support to local initiatives. So the support to NGOs comes in to fill the gaps. WIDE.acting as counter weight to state power . b) Need by the NGOs in the North to have partner organizations in the South to identify and execute development projects on their behalf. The are also involved in campaigns/dialogue . They support development projects carried out by local 3`d world organizations at the support level. ADD. They do the planning and the implementation processes. They may only be interested in the technical aspects. providing training grounds for activists and promoting pluralism. opening up channels of communication and participation.

Field/Action Level Organizations: Field/Action level organizations are categorized as follows: NGOs supplement the efforts made by government. voluntary.CONT……. The primary role of an NGO in times of disaster is to provide:  selfless. non-discriminating service. Local NGOs reach the grass-root level and provide relief to the disaster..  joint action/programmes at the national level  public awareness through the mass media UPLIFTMENTING NGO’S  PRAYAAS  I – INDIA  RED CROSS  DREAM  MAKE A WISH .affected people.