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“The important thing is not the camera but the eye.” – Alfred Eisenstaed
DIGITAL SLR CAMERA .
DIGITAL POINT & SHOOT CAMERA .
.WHAT IS A DIGITAL CAMERA? Digital camera ﾐ A camera that captures the photo not on film. but in an electronic imaging sensor that takes the place of film.
.Single Lens Reflex .Means the camera has a viewfinder that sees through the lens (TTL) by way of a 45°-angled mirror that flips up when the shutter fires and allows the light to strike the image sensor (or film).WHAT IS AN SLR? SLR .
NOW WHAT?? HAS EVERYONE READ YOUR CAMERA MANUAL?? .
CAMERA MENU FUNCTIONS .
FIND THESE ON YOUR CAMERA .
NIKON CAMERA CONTROLS .
WHICH ONE? .
SCENE MODES .
with the exposure staying the same Unlocks some other settings in your camera that gives you more control over the final image : ISO setting. but can be shifted using the control dial. white balance.CHARACTERISTICS OF PROGRAM MODE Aperture and shutter speed are set by the camera. exposure compensation Great for quickly getting a photograph without having to think too hard about settings .
TV-SHUTTER PRIORITY .
such as some sporting action.CHARACTERISTICS OF TV MODE TV means time value Shutter priority lets you set the shutter speed and calculates the matching aperture Use when photographing moving subjects. and choose a slower shutter speed . you might want to choose a faster shutter speed to freeze the motion Capture movement as a blur of the subject. like a waterfall.
AV-APERTURE PRIORITY .
CHARACTERISTICS OF AV MODE AV means aperture value Manually control the aperture while the camera sets the matching shutter speed Particularly useful to control a stationary object where you don‟t need to control the shutter speed Choosing a larger aperture (f/stop) means the lens will get smaller and it will let less light in so a larger depth of field (more of the area in focus). but your camera will choose a faster shutter speed and vice versa .
white balance and exposure compensation Gives you the flexibility to set your shots the way you want them to be Can result in creative and non-traditional exposures . ISO. aperture.CHARACTERISTICS OF MANUAL MODE Full control over camera settings such: shutter speed.
PORTRAIT MODE .
CHARACTERISTICS OF PORTRAIT MODE An automatic mode with emphasis on settings for a perfect portrait shot. The ability of the camera to detect if there are faces in the image and to ensure they are all in focus Sets a wide aperture of the lens so that the background behind your subject is softly focused (shallow depth of field) .
LANDSCAPE MODE .
so both the subject and background stay sharp (deep depth of field) Foreground. middle ground.CHARACTERISTICS OF LANDSCAPE MODE Narrows the aperture. and background are all in focus Exposure compensation for entire frame .
MACRO/CLOSE-UP MODE .
insects and other small items Somecameras may be able to focus when the lens is less than an inch away from the subject Creates a very shallow depth of field .CHARACTERISTICS OF MACRO MODE An automatic mode with emphasis on settings for closeup photography Commonly used to photographing flowers.
SPORTS MODE .
along with a smaller aperture so that more of the action will be in focus . this is perfect for taking pictures of moving objects Also good for shooting children or pets in action Can give you higher shutter speeds to stop action.CHARACTERISTICS OF ACTION/SPORTS MODE Represented by an icon of a sprinter.
NIGHT PORTRAIT MODE .
CHARACTERISTICS OF NIGHT PORTRAIT MODE Usually symbolized by a figure against a dark sky with a star Fires the flash to illuminate a nearby subject and then holds the shutter open long enough for the background to be exposed .
useful for filling in shadows when shooting in daylight) Auto + Red-eye reduction Flash On + Red-eye reduction Soft Flash (Diffused flash) Slow-sync flash (Second-curtain flash) .CHARACTERISTICS OF FLASH MODE Auto.Flash Off Flash On (mandatory flash.
USE THE FLASH TO STOP MOTION .
OR TO ILLUMINATE DARK AREAS .
SLOW SYNC FLASH .
DIFFERENT WAYS TO MAKE A GOOD PHOTOGRAPH Control exposure Aperture Shutter speed ISO .
EXPOSURE TRIANGLE .
Aperture is the size of the window.There are a number of ways of increasing the amount of light in the room (or at least how much it seems that there is. Now imagine that you‟re inside the room and are wearing sunglasses (hopefully this isn‟t too much of a stretch). The longer you leave them open the more that comes in. you could increase the size of the window (increase aperture) or you could take off your sunglasses (make the ISO larger) . Shutter Speed is the amount of time that the shutters of the window are open. You could increase the time that the shutters are open (decrease shutter speed).UNDERSTANDING EXPOSURE THE WINDOW EXAMPLE Imagine your camera is like a window with shutters that open and close. Your eyes become desensitized to the light that comes in (it‟s like a low ISO) . If it‟s bigger more light gets through and the room is brighter.
the more light reaches the film / image sensor Aperture is expressed as F-stop.8 or f/2. the larger the lens opening (aperture) (inverse relationship) Controls depth of field .APERTURE The aperture of a lens is the diameter of the lens opening The larger the diameter of the aperture. e.8 The smaller the F-stop number (or f/value).g. F2.
F? .IS THIS SHALLOW D.O.
IS THIS? .
? .F.O.SHALLOW OR DEEP D.
Depth of Field EXERCISE Pick a partner Stand away from your partner Take a photograph of their face only with your lens unzoomed Zoom in and shoot but only fill the frame with their entire face again See the difference in depth of field .
SHUTTER SPEED .
SHUTTER SPEED Shutter speed is the amount of time that the shutter is open Shutter speed is measured in seconds – or in most cases fractions of seconds It is not in isolation from the other two elements of the Exposure Triangle (aperture and ISO) Long shutter causes blur and fast shutter freezes motion .
Shutter speed is used to stop action 1/1000 sec .
Or shutter speed can blur motion 1/15 sec .
FAST OR SLOW SHUTTER SPEED? .
FAST OR SLOW? .
SHUTTER SPEED EXERCISE Everyone pick a partner Step outside the classroom Capture an image of action (jumping. etc. spinning.) Stop the action with a fast shutter speed Blur the action with a slow shutter speed .
some will adjust it automatically depending on the lighting conditions. Digital cameras often include a control for adjusting the ISO speed. as ISO speed climbs. Generally. image quality drops. . Though digital cameras don't use film. they have adopted the same rating system for describing the sensitivity of the camera's imaging sensor. adjusting it upwards as the available light dims.ISO SETTINGS ISO speed ﾐ A rating of a film's sensitivity to light.
ISO SETTINGS .
Characteristics of ISO Low light conditions use higher ISO Action shots use a higher ISO Keep ISO lower in bright light The higher the ISO number the more noise is generated in your photograph When you enlarge your image you can see the noise .
FIND YOUR WB BUTTON .
sunlight. etc . fluorescent.WHITE BALANCE The process of removing unrealistic color casts. which refers to the relative warmth or coolness of white light Needs to be adjusted under various light sources: tungsten. cloudy. so that objects which appear white in person are rendered white in your photo Takes into account the "color temperature" of a light source.
ADJUST WHITE BALANCE? .
ADJUST WHITE BALANCE? .
WHITE BALANCE EXERCISE Pick something or someone and take photographs of them while adjusting the WB on your camera to it‟s various settings Notice the difference in lighting .
TAKE A CLOSER LOOK AT YOUR CAMERA CONTROLS .
VIEWFINDER MENU .
FOCUS MODES .
SELF TIMER .
WHAT MAKES A DIGITAL PHOTO?
Pixel ﾐ Picture Element: digital photographs are comprised of thousands or millions of them; they are the building blocks of a digital photo.
CHOOSE JPEG or RAW .
RAW uncompressed (an 8 megapixel camera will produce a 8 MB Raw file) the complete (lossless) data from the camera‟s sensor higher in dynamic range (ability to display highlights and shadows) lower in contrast (flatter. washed out looking) not as sharp not suitable for printing directly from the camera or without post processing waiting to be processed by your computer .
JPEG compressed fairly small in file size (an 8 megapixel camera will produce JPEG between 1 and 3 MB‟s in size) lower in dynamic range higher in contrast and sharper immediately suitable for printing. or posting on the web processed by your camera . sharing.
PROS AND CONS RAW files are bigger and take more space on your memory card RAW files need post production RAW files are better quality RAW files give you much more control over how the image will look Better for professional photographers .
detail (sharpness). color range JPEG files give you less ability to control the final image Better for snapshots . JPEG files are smaller in size and take less space to store JPEG files do not need any post production JPEG files loose richness.
FIND YOUR EV .
EV-EXPOSURE COMPENSATION .
the range of adjustment goes from +2 to -2 EV in 1/3 steps .CHARACTERISTICS OF EV EV means exposure value The range over which you can manually over or underexpose to lighten or darken the image Usually.
AEB.AUTOMATIC EXPOSURE BRACKETING .
though some cameras allow you to specify the amount). and a third at a positive exposure compensation (usually +1/3 EV. a second at a negative exposure compensation (usually 1/3 EV.CHARACTERISTICS OF AEB The camera automatically takes three or more shots with a different exposure for each frame One image at the camera measured exposure. though some cameras allow you to specify the amount) Useful option for taking HDR scenes .
VIEWING MENU .
IMAGE METADATA .
Simple graph that displays where all of the brightness levels contained in the scene are found, from the darkest to the brightest
Displays a photographs dynamic range
In camera light meter
READING THE HISTOGRAM
HIGH KEY .
LOW KEY .
WHAT MAKES A GREAT PHOTOGRAPH? .
MAKE GREAT PHOTOGRAPHS THOUGHTFUL TIMING COMPOSITION (RULE OF THIRDS) PERSPECTIVE .
PHOTOGRAPHS CREATE MEANING .
SNAPSHOP VS. PHOTOGRAPH .
RULE OF THIRDS .
As a result. photos can look more dynamic and interesting Place points of interest in the intersections or along the lines .RULE OF THIRDS Refers to the placement of the subject within the frame of your photograph Places the main subject off center and away from the center of the frame.
PLACE OBJECTS AT INTERSECTIONS .
RULE OF THIRDS .
BILL BRANDT.PERSPECTIVE Perspective is the way that an object appears to the eye Dependent on focal length and picture angle Creative way of looking at your photographic subject Example ALEXANDER RODCHENKO. HENRI CARTIER-BRESSON .
under exposure. or blur Look at photographs of others to inspire Read your manual and learn about your camera functions Learn better compositional techniques Don‟t be afraid to experiment .IMPROVE YOUR SKILLS Practice photography on a regular basis Avoid common photographic mistakes like over exposure.
PERSPECTIVE EXERCISE Find an object/subject Shoot 36 different ways (using rules of perspective and composition) Get creative with angles 30 minutes .
COOL PHOTOGRAPHY QUOTES .
Hong Kong.A. & M.A.A LITTLE ABOUT ME… B. Chile. Macau.taquerias.com www.alexandracopley. Argentina. New Zealand.blogspot.F.com Paris Metro Project with Brazil www. Photography Professor of photography/online lecturer TRAVEL & FREELANCE photographer Worked in Brazil. Canada. Paraguay.com www.inthefray. Europe (all over) and USA www. Mexico and Central America.org www. Peru.blogspot. Australia.favelite.com book called „Transmigrants‟ .youramexica.
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