In a Nutshell

Modern Art Timeline c.1870 - 1975 Artists, Movements and Styles in Modern Art

2010 | Ms Denise Chung

Impressionism c.1870-1890
Impressionism is the name given to a colorful style of painting in France at the end of the 19th century. The Impressionists searched for a more exact analysis of the effects of colour and light in nature. They sought to capture the atmosphere of a particular time of day or the effects of different weather conditions. They often worked outdoors and applied their paint in small brightly coloured strokes which meant sacrificing much of the outline and detail of their subject.

Claude Monet 1840-1926

Impressionism abandoned the conventional idea that the shadow of an object was made up from its colour with some brown or black added.

Rouen Cathedral - in full sunlight 1893/4 Louvre, Paris

2010 | Ms Denise Chung

Alfred Sisleyand Henri de Toulouse Lautrec. Among the most important Impressionist painters were Claude Monet.Edgar Degas.Impressionism c. Camille Pissarro. Claude Monet 1840-1926 Overview lecture on Impressionism and PostImpressionism Impression Sunrise (oil on canvas. Paris 2010 | Ms Denise Chung . the Impressionists enriched their colours with the idea that a shadow is broken up with dashes of its complementary colour.1870-1890 Instead. 1872) Musée Marmottan. Pierre Auguste Renoir.

which reconstructs the origins of the Impressionist art movement. See it on Youtube! Episode 1: Part 1 | Part 2 | Part 3 | Part 4 | Part 5 | Part 6 Episode 2: Part 1 | Part 2 | Part 3 | Part 4 | Part 5 | Part 6 Episode 3: Part 1 | Part 2 | Part 3 | Part 4 | Part 5a | Part 5b | Part 6 2010 | Ms Denise Chung .The Impressionists (BBC Drama) The Impressionists is a 3 part factual drama from the BBC.

Post Impressionism c. critic and curator in this free video on art. Vincent Van Gogh 1853-90 Café Terrace at Night. 1888 Kröller-Müller Museum 2010 | Ms Denise Chung . Cézanne was an important influence on Picasso and Braque in their development of Cubism. Understand post-impressionism with information from an art historian. Van Gogh's vigorous and vibrant painting technique was one of the touchstones of both Fauvism and Expressionism. The major artists associated with Post Impressionism were Paul Cézanne.1885-1905 The Post Impressionists were a few independent artists at the end of the 19th century who rebelled against the limitations of Impressionism to develop a range of personal styles that influenced the development of art in the 20th century. Vincent Van Gogh and Georges Seurat. Paul Gauguin. while Gauguin's symbolic color and Seurat's pointillist technique were an inspiration to Les Fauves.

rather than simply to describe what it looks like. Henri Matisse 1869-1954 The Open Window. It was developed in France at the beginning of the 20th century by Henri Matisse and André Derain.Fauvism c. 1905 The National Gallery of Art. They were a major influence on the German Expressionists. Collioure. Les Fauves believed that colour should be used at its highest pitch to express the artist's feelings about a subject. Fauvist paintings have two main characteristics: extremely simplified drawing and intensely exaggerated colour. a title that came from a sarcastic remark in a review by the art critic Louis Vauxcelles. Washington 2010 | Ms Denise Chung . The artists who painted in this style were known as 'Les Fauves' (the wild beasts).1905-10 Fauvism was a joyful style of painting that delighted in using outrageously bold colours.

There are two distinct phases of the Cubist style: Analytical Cubism (pre 1912) and Synthetic Cubism(post 1912). particularly African art.Cubism c. Cubist paintings ignore the traditions of perspective drawing and show you many views of a subject at one time. Pablo Picasso 1881-1973 The Cubists believed that the traditions of Western art had become exhausted and to revitalize their work. Oil on Canvas (244 x 234 cm) Museum of Modern Art.1907-15 Cubism was invented around 1907 in Paris by Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque. It was the first abstract style of modern art. Les Demoiselles d'Avignon. New York 2010 | Ms Denise Chung . they drew on the expressive energy of art from other cultures.

Futurism. Constructivism and De Styjl. Other notable artists associated with Cubism were Juan Gris. Orphism. Fernand Leger. Vorticism. Robert Delaunay. Suprematism. Albert Gleizes. Jean Metzinger.1907-15 Cubism influenced many other styles of modern art including Expressionism. Pablo Picasso 1881-1973 Ambroise Vollard. Louis Marcoussis and Marie Laurencin. 1915 Pushkin Museum of Fine Art 2010 | Ms Denise Chung .Cubism c.

German Expressionism c. 1915 Folkwang Museum. Essen 2010 | Ms Denise Chung . The expressive paintings of Vincent Van Gogh and Edvard Munch influenced the German Expressionists. Chief Educator Barbara Brown from Milwaukee Art Museum explains what German Expressionism is about.1905-25 German Expressionism is a style of art that is charged with an emotional or spiritual vision of the world. Ernst Ludwig Kirchner 1880-1938 The Red Tower at Halle. but they were also desperate to free their art from the shackles of French painting which had monopolised modern art since Impressionism. They wanted to liberate themselves from the repressive right-wing social and political establishment in pre WW1 Germany. Expressionism was a militant spirit. The German Expressionists saw themselves as revolutionary shock troops with art as their weapon.

1905-25 They also drew their inspiration from German Gothic and 'primitive art'. The Expressionists were divided into two factions: Die Brücke and Der Blaue Reiter. Der Blaue Reiter (the Blue Rider) was a group of artists whose publications and exhibitions sought to find a common creative ground between the various Expressionist art forms.German Expressionism c. Ernst Ludwig Kirchner and Karl SchmidtRottluff were two of its founding members.1944 "Der Blaue Reiter" (The Blue Rider). Die Brücke (The Bridge) was an artistic community of young artists in Dresden who aimed to overthrow the conservative traditions of German art. Marc and Macke were among its founding members. painted 1903 2010 | Ms Denise Chung . Wassily Kandinsky 1866 . Kandinsky.

develops and refines specific visual elements (eg. Basel 2010 | Ms Denise Chung . line. The word 'abstract' means to withdraw part of something in order to consider it separately. Semi-Abstraction is where the image still has one foot in representational art. In Abstract art that 'something' is one or more of the visual elements of a subject: its line. (see Cubism and Futurism). 1910 (detail) Kunstmuseum. pattern. color and shape) in order to create a poetic reconstruction or simplified essence of the original subject. or form. tone. Georges Braque 1882-1963 Violin and Pitcher. texture. shape. It uses a type of stylisation where the artist selects.1907 onwards Abstract art is a generic term that describes two different methods of abstraction: 'semi abstraction' and 'pure abstraction'.Abstract Art c.

De Styjl and Minimalism).Abstract Art c. Tachisme. and Op Art. Amsterdam 2010 | Ms Denise Chung .1907 onwards Pure Abstraction is where the artist uses visual elements independently as the actual subject of the work itself. Although elements of abstraction are present in earlier artworks. the roots of modern abstract art are to be found in Cubism. 1915 Stedelijk Museum. (see Suprematism. Kazimir Malevich 1879-1935 Suprematism. Among other important abstract styles that developed in the 20th century are Orphism. Rayonism. Constructivism. Abstract Expressionism.

They glorified industrialization. The Futurists adopted the visual vocabulary of Cubism to express their ideas .1909-1914 Futurism was a revolutionary Italian movement that celebrated modernity. noise and energy of urban life. 1912 Estorick Collection. technology.Futurism c. Giacomo Balla 1871-1959 The Rhythm of the Violinist (detail). In a Cubist painting the artist records selected details of a subject as he moves around it. The Futurist vision was outlined in a series of manifestos that attacked the long tradition of Italian art in favour of a new avant-garde.but with a slight twist. London 2010 | Ms Denise Chung . and transport along with the speed. whereas in a Futurist painting the subject itself seems to move around the artist.

1913 2010 | Ms Denise Chung . Giacomo Balla and Gino Severini. The Futurist Manifesto Umberto Boccioni 1882–1916 Unique Forms of Continuity in Space. Futurism was founded in 1909 by the poet Filippo Tommas Marinetti and embraced the arts in their widest sense.Futurism c. The main artists associated with the movement were Umberto Boccioni.1909-1914 The effect of this is that Futurist paintings appear more dynamic than their Cubist counterparts.

Theo Van Doesburg and Bart van der Leck.De Styjl c.1917-1931 De Styjl was a Dutch 'style' of pure abstraction developed by Piet Mondrian. He was a deeply spiritual man who was intent on developing a universal visual language that was free from any hint of the nationalism that led to the Great War. Mondrian gradually refined the elements of his art to a grid of lines and primary colors which he configured in a series of compositions that explored his universal principles of harmony. New York 2010 | Ms Denise Chung . He saw the elements of line and color as possessing counteracting cosmic forces. Piet Mondrian 1872-1944 Composition with White and Yellow. Mondrian was the outstanding artist of the group. 1935-42 Christies.

Mondrian's style which he also called 'NeoPlasticism' was inspired by the Theosophical beliefs of the mathematician and philosopher.1917-1931 Vertical lines embodied the direction and energy of the sun's rays which were countered by horizontal lines relating to the earth's movement around it. Piet Mondrian 1872-1944 Composition with Yellow.De Styjl c. Schoenmaekers. He saw primary colors through the same cosmic tinted spectacles: yellow radiated the sun's energy.H. blue receded as infinite space and red materialized as blue and yellow met.J. Blue and Red Currently held as part of the Tate Collection 2010 | Ms Denise Chung . M.

1920 Moderna Museet. Dada’s weapons in the war against the art establishment were confrontation and provocation. The aim of Dada was to create a climate in which art was alive to the moment and not paralysed by the corrupted traditions of the established order.1916-1922 Dada was not a style of art like Fauvism or Cubism. Raoul Hausmann 1886-1971 Tatlin at Home. Stockholm 2010 | Ms Denise Chung .Dada c. It was a form of artistic anarchy born out of disgust for the social. Dadaism was an ‘anti art’ stance as it was intent on destroying the artistic values of the past. political and cultural establishment of the time which it held responsible for Europe's descent into World War.

Marcel Duchamp. Marcel Duchamp 1887-1968 Photograph of Marcel Duchamp's "Fountain".1916-1922 They confronted the artistic establishment with the irrationality of their collages and assemblages and provoked conservative complacency with outrageous actions at their exhibitions and meetings. 2010 | Ms Denise Chung .Dada c. Jean Arp and Kurt Schwitters were among the best of the Dada artists. Raoul Hausmann. The movement started in Zurich and spread as far as New York.

René Magritte 1898-1967 Its aim as outlined in the First Surrealist Manifesto of 1924.Surrealism c. was to liberate the artist's imagination by tapping into the unconscious mind to discover a 'superior' reality . and the technique of 'pure psychic automatism'. 1938 Art Institute of Chicago 2010 | Ms Denise Chung . Time Transfixed. To achieve this the Surrealists drew upon the images of dreams.a surreality. the unpredictable effects from combining disassociated images.1924-1939 Surrealism was the positive outcome from Dada's negativity. a spontaneous form of drawing without the conscious control of the mind.

1924-1939 The look of Surrealist art was inspired by the irrational juxtaposition of images in Dada collages. 2010 | Ms Denise Chung . The most influential of the Surrealist artists were Max Ernst.Surrealism c. the dreamlike art of Giorgio de Chirico. Oil on canvas. and both 'primitive' and 'outsider' art. Salvador Dalí 1904-1989 The Persistence of Memory 1931.1 x 33 cm). Joan Miró. 9 1/2 x 13" (24. Salvador Dali and René Magritte. The movement broke up at the outbreak of war in 1939 when several of the Surrealists left Europe for New York where they had a formative influence on the development of Abstract Expressionism.

Pablo Picasso. Salvador Dali and Andy Warhol. During the course of the series. explores why these artists are considered so important and examines how their influence can still be seen in our world today. Salvador Dali: Part 1 | Part 2 | Part 3 | Part 4 | Part 5 | Part 6 Modern Masters is a four-part television series detailing the life and work of four giants of 20th century art: Henri Matisse. can be found online. presenter and journalist.Modern Masters (BBC Documentary) Unfortunately. only one episode. 2010 | Ms Denise Chung . Alastair Sooke. on Salvador Dali.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful