GROUP 2 ( KPI005 1B


members of the same household. The term may apply to sexual activities between individuals of close blood relationship. It can also be defined as the crime of having sexual intercourse with a parent. which has a general meaning of "impure”. sibling or grandchild.WHAT IS INCEST?  The English word incest is derived from the Latin incestus. . and members of the same clan or lineage. child. step relatives related by adoption or marriage.  Incest is sexual intercourse between family members and close relatives.

Types of incest  Between adult and children  Between childhood siblings  Between consenting adult .

Father–daughter and stepfather–stepdaughter incest is the most commonly reported form of adult-child incest. . with most of the remaining involving a mother or stepmother.Incest between adult and children  Incest between an adult and a child is usually considered     a form of child sexual abuse. Father–son incest is reported less often. although it is not known whether the prevalence is less because it is under-reported by a greater margin. It is the most reported form of incest for many years. Prevalence of incest between parents and their children is difficult to assess due to secrecy and privacy.

 The Counselor Advocate Training Manual notes that when sibling incest involves siblings with significant differences in age or capabilities (one of the siblings has a developmental disorder). the trust of the victim is betrayed. serious psychological problems can occur.” .  The National Center for Victims of Crime explains that younger victims of incest may not realize that this behavior is inappropriate. and the familial connection is broken.  Just as with parental incest. especially if the perpetrator says it is a “learning experience.Incest between childhood siblings  Incest can also occur among siblings.

 Proponents of incest between consenting adults draw clear boundaries between the behavior of consenting adults and rape.Incest between consenting adult  Sexual activity between adult close relatives may arise from genetic sexual attraction.  This form of incest has not been widely reported in the past. possibly more often than many people realize.  Internet chatrooms and topical websites exist that provide support for incestuous couples. but recent evidence has indicated that this behavior does takes place. . child molestation. and abusive incest.

 Such countries where it is permissible and legal.Incest in perspective of law  Legal laws which is the law consist largely of „ought‟ proposition prescribing how people ought to behave. includes the Netherlands and Sweden where incestuous couples must seek government counselling before marriage.W Dias)  Incest is illegal in many jurisdictions. incestuous relationships between two consenting adults (with the age varying by location) are permitted such as in Israel and Turkey. incest is illegal.M.(R. In other places. The only type of incestuous relationship allowed by law in Sweden is that between half-siblings. .  In some places. regardless of the ages of the two partners.

religion.  Punishment that are been firm in Malaysia: Section 376B (1) Whoever commits incest shall be punished with imprisonment for a term of not less than six years and not more than twenty years and shall also be liable to whipping (2) It shall be defence to a charge against a person under this section if it is proved – . custom or usage applicable to him or her . incest has been criminalised by the Penal Code(Act 574) under section 376A and 376B Section 376A  A person is said to commit incest if he or she has intercourse with another person whose relationship to him or her is such that he or she is not permitted under the law. In Malaysia. to marry that other person.

a) that he or she did know that the person with whom he or she had sexual intercourse was a person whose relationship to him or her was such that he or her not permitted under the law. if male shall be deemed to be incapable of giving consent. or b)that the act of sexual intercourse was done without his or her consent explanation:-a person who is under sixteen years of age. if female or under thirteen years of age . . custom or usage applicable to him or her to marry that person . religion.

we can extrapolate from it that any sexual relation with these would be unacceptable.Quran clearly state outlines those with whom marriage is not permitted.  In perspective of Islam.based on that idea that blood relatives should not mate and the progeny of such unions are tainted and unnatural.( Jaques Thiroux)  The immorality of incest. .Incest in perspective of morality  General morality can be understood as a rule prescribing between what is right and what is wrong.

. the sisters of your fathers. your sisters. your daughters. the girls who nursed from the same woman as you. the daughters of your wives with whom you have consummated the marriage .if the marriage has not been consummated. you shall not be married to two sisters at the same time . Also prohibited for you are the women who were married to your genetic sons.but do not break up existing marriages. the mothers of your wives. the sisters of your mothers. the daughters of your sister. GOD is Forgiver. your nursing mothers. the daughters of your brother.  The verse also includes your foster parents. Sûrah an-Nisa 4:23:  Prohibited for you (in marriage) are your mothers. Also. siblings and children. Most Merciful. you may marry the daughter.

aunts. marriages are banned between second cousins or closer and between second uncles / aunts and second nieces / nephews (between first cousins once removed) or closer. manipulation or deceit – conduct that therefore leads to suffering and trouble. From other religions view. Hindus are fearful of the bad effects of incest and thus practice strict rules of both endogamy and exogamy within castes (Varna in Hinduism) but not in the same family tree (gotra) or bloodline (Pravara). or their respective spouses are not allowed. But in all of the three preceding Christian churches. it state that incest is prohibited among us  Buddhist-. relatives in the direct line.  Hindus-Hinduism speaks of incest in abhorrent terms.  Christian-In the Eastern Orthodox Church. The third of the Five Precepts state "To refrain from committing sexual misconduct". 'Sexual misconduct' means any sexual conduct involving violence. marriages to uncles.  The Anglican Communion allows marriages up to and including first cousins. .

Theory of Justice that justice is the first virtue of social institutions as truth is of systems of thought . eating disorder as there are no justice for them because of the lacks of information about incest in society. including substance abuse. . suicidality.  The effects on both childhood development and adult symptoms resulting from incest.  Incest is a despicable and inexcusable offence. so the law should introduce legal amendments such as heavier and more punitive sentences without giving full thought to whether such amendments would bring about the desired social changes to fight for victim‟s justice. depression.John Rawls state in his book.Incest in perspective of justice  From perspective of justice.

ability to decide for oneself what to do and how to live according to one interest.Incest in perspective of freedom  Freedom is the right . Their freedom of speech are also denied as they cannot speak out their desire to be free from the performer and this dreadful incest. desire. Golding)  Humans that are exploited in incest usually have low self-esteem and they may have difficulties in social relationship because of they are ashamed with their abnormal secret  Their freedom to live are denied as they‟d been live with the performer who restrict movements and to have control over them. power . . taste determination or thought of the mind in order to realize one‟s aims ( Martin P.

not as mean. Hence. . been and will remain to be the most important of all rights of human but without equality freedom can easily be turned into an instrument of abuse as the performer of incest can do anything as their wish by abandoning their religion taught.Incest in perspective of equality  Equality means each people should be taken as an end. The main reason for treating people equally was to reduce mutual envy so that people lived peacefully. nobody should be treated as an instrument of somebody's will. (Bentham)  Freedom has undoubtedly. law and custom.

They will suffer from low self-esteem. morality. Meanwhile. freedom and equality. . incest also gives big impacts towards the victims. This crime must be stopped and the victims can enjoy their normal lives without any mental problems and family institution will become stronger and more harmony. anxiety and phobic avoidance reactions. incest are against the perspective of law. justice. difficulties in personal relationship and sexual dysfunction and are at an extremely high risk of many mental disorders including depression. The reason is that incest give bad effect towards the performers and their generations such as disability from the aspect of mental and physical.Conclusion In a nutshell.

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