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Earliest domestication of dog was around 10 ,000 BC. from the belt of the caves of Persia, descended from wolf 'and jackals.

Zoological Classification:
Class Mammlia: Subclass Metatheria Order: Carnivora: Family Canidae: Genus: Canis: . Species Familiaris:

American Kennel Club Classification

The American kennel club classification of dogs is somewhat different from the British Kennel Club classification. In this classification more emphasis has been given on the type of dogs which have been classified into the following 6 main classes: 1. Sporting Breeds 2. Non-sporting Breeds 3. Working Breeds 4. Hound Breeds 5. Terrier Breeds 6. Toy Breeds

1. sporting Breeds
Pointer (Short-Haired Wire-Haired) Retriever (Flat-Coated Golden Labrador) Spaniel (American Water Brittany English Cocker Sussex)



2. Non-sporting Breeds
Boston Terrier Bulldog Chow Chow Lhesa Apso Poodle Schipperke



Working Breeds
Akita Bull Mastiff Pull dog Rottweiler Welsh Corgi (Cardigan) Komondor



4. Hound Breeds
Afghan Hound Foxhound Greyhound Terrier Wolfhound Rhodesian Ridgeback DACHSHUND



Terrier Breeds
BORDER TERRIER Staffordshire Terrier MANCHESTER TERRIER Norwich Terrier Scottish Terrier Fox Terrier Irish Terrier



Toy Breeds
Chihuahua English Pinscher (Miniature) Pomeranian Poodle (Toy) Pug Shih Tzu Silky Terrier Toy Manchester Terrier Yorkshire Terrier



Bull Mastiff:
Europe Large size. Short and hard body coat Color: fawn, red or brindle Avg wt:50-60kg male 40-50kg female Height:65-70cm male 60-65cm female Face is broad and wrinkled, dark muzzle, ears V-shaped or turned back; neck strongly muscular; tail thick and root and tapering at tip which is carried straight or curved.

Afghan Hound:
Afghanistan, Egypt Hairy dogs of varied colors, moderate length level back and well muscled body. Avg height:67-70cm male 63-67cm female Body wt:23-28kg Drooping, long, hairy ears, long and strong neck and low set tail with ring at the tapering end.

Alsatian/shepherd Dog:
Germany Double coated animal, hair smooth and glossy, undercoat wooly and protect from cold. Color: grey, dark tan, or black and white Avg Height:60-70cm male 55-60cm female Body wt:25-35kg Ears erect and smooth, well muscled, strong and long neck. long hairy tail. slightly curved at the end, may extend up to the hock.

Blood Hound:
Middle East
Body coat short, smooth and glossy; black and tan, red and tan or dark, interspersed with light or white hair; Average height of adult male about 65 cm and of bitch about 60 cm; Average body weight 40-45 kg and of bitch 35-50 kg; Tail long and tapering.

Basset Hound:
France, Belgium. Body coat smooth, short, fine and black, white, tan and lemon, in any combination; Average height 32-38 cm Body weight 10-20 kg;

very long, drooping ears with velvety texture; tail long, strong and tapering.

Boston Terrier:

Apparently looks like a bulldog; head short and square; face short and blunt like a bulldog: body short and compact; ears erect and triangular with pointed tip; tail short and coiled, and docking normally practiced; body coat short amid smooth; mostly black and white Orland white;
Average height about 45 cm end body weight 7-10Kg

A medium-sized sturdy dog with broad head, short nose and strong jaws; muscular body covered with smooth coat of red, fawn or brindle: tail placed high and docked leaving behind 4-5 cm stump; Height 4560 cm and body weight 2530 kg; males slightly heavier than females.

Bull Dog:

A low-stature animal, broad and compact body; head characteristically heavy and face wrinkled; nose short, wide and black; jaws broad and square; body coat short, fine and smooth; whole coat color acceptable and it may be various degree of red, brindle, fawn, fallow and white, and their piebald combinations; short tail thick at the root and tapering at the tip; males heavier than females; average height 35-40 cm and body weight 20-25 kg .

Chihuahua: Mexico
Perhaps smallest dog of the world, fine head, sharp muzzle, erect ears, short smooth coat of different colors Height 15-20 cm Body weight less than 1to 2.5 kg: tail tapering

Scotland A hairy medium: sized active dog; body coat dense, long and double: outer hair long and coarse, inner coat soft and woolly; coat and markings quite variable; ears small, moderately wide apart and slightly drooping at the tip; Height 50-60 cm Adult body weight 20-30 kg: males heavier than females.

Chow chow:

Active compact body covered with double coat; , outer coat dense, coarse and long: undercoat soft and woolly: ears erect, well placed, small and slightly rounded at the tip: tail short, set high and carried over the back; coat black, red, fawn, blue, cream or while; height usually 45-50 cm and body weight 25-30 kg.

Germany Low set, short-limbed animal. with compact long body: there are 2 recognized strains of Dachshund, viz. Dachshund and Miniature Dachshund; each strain has 3 varieties, viz. (i) smooth haired, (ii) long haired and (iii) wire haired. Ears long and thick, large and drooping with rounded tip: height 20-25 cm and body weight 8-12 kg; height of Miniature Dachshund 12-20 cm and body weight 3-5 kg.

Austria Strong dog having muscular body; body coat short, dense, smooth and white color with black spots or liver spots which may vary in size but never form patches, ears set high and gradually tapering to a round point and covered with spotted hair; height 5060 cm and body weight 22-25 kg; tail short, fine and straight.

Doberman pinscher:

An alert dog has smooth, compact and muscular body: body coat smooth, short. Thick and glossy; color black. brown or blue: extremities light in color; ears small and erect, but slightly drooped forward; tail docked in early life leaving behind 2-3 cm long stump; height of adult male 6570 cm and of adult female 60-65 cm: body weight 25-35 kg.


French Bulldog:

Active, small to medium size; coat smooth, close, short, fine and glossy; color brindle, fawn, white brindle or white: head heavy, broad and square; forehead somewhat convex; ears erect, long and rounded at the tip: average height about 30 cm and body weight 8-13 kg; tail short and straight.

Great Dane:

Large-sized, muscular and strong animal of active disposition; coat short, dense, soft and glossy; color whole black, fawn, pure white with black or blue patches: ears small and erect with falling tip; . face long and narrow; average height usually more than 75 cm and body weight more than 55 kg; long and straight tail thick at the root and tapering to the termination below the hock joint


Long-limbed, slender, thin animal; broad chest and narrow waist; face long and narrow with blunt pointed nose; coat fine, short and smooth; common color red and fawn ,specimen of black, brindle, white and other colors are also acceptable; height of adult male 70-75 cm and of female 65-70 cm; body weight 25-35 kg; tail is low set, long. tapering and strong.

Tundra Powerful working dog capable of tolerating rigors of harsh cold weather; coat double, outer being long and inner woolly; ears short, V-shaped and erect; tail bushy and curved; color quite variable: height 55-70cm and body weight 20-45 kg: coat color of Siberian husky is black and white


Lhasa Apso:
Tibet Small active house dog; body completely covered with long, straight, dense coat with golden, smoke, slaty, black. white, brown or particular; ears drooping; eyes dark; average height 20-25 cm and body weight 6::7 kg.

Lhasa Apso

Malta Toy breed covered with long, straight and silky coat of white color; body weight less than 4.5 kg.


Heavy muscular, compact body and strong built; head broad and square; coat short, smooth and close, color whole apricot, silver-fawn, dark fawn or brindle with black nose and muzzle; ears small, set apart and thin; height 70-80 cm and body weight 7085 kg.; males heavier than females; tail set high,


China Toy breed of China adopted in many countries; head wide with short muzzle and wrinkled face; coat long and straight with dense mane, outer coat coarse and inner coat thick. Color; red, fawn, black, cream or white. Height: 15-20cm Body wt: 3-5kg Tail curved and hairy.


Active dog, compact and muscular body with broad chest; coat shod, fine, smooth and uniformly distributed; Color: lemon and white, liver and white black and white and sometimes whole black. ears set fairly high, medium sized and lying close to the head Height 60-65 cm Body weight 25-30 kg Tail fairly long, smooth, tapering and carried straight in line with back.

Pomeranian: Poland Toy breed, active, outer coat long, straight and thicker around neck. Height: 15-28cm Body wt: 1.5-13kg Ears are small and erect, tail hairy and carded on the back.

Germany A small animal of majestic look; various strains are standard poodle, miniature poodle, blue paddle and toy poodle; Coat thick curly and fluffy of different colors like whole white, black, brown, apricot, blue and silver: Ears long, wide and drooping; Height 2540 cm Body wt: 3-15 kg; Toys are smallest followed by miniature and standard Strains and docked and held high


Small breed, shod back and rounded ribs; coat shod. soft, fine, smooth and glossy of black, silver or apricot fawn; ears are rose or button shaped; height 25-30 cm and body weight 6-8 kg: tail tightly curled

Retriever (curly coated)

Smart, strong and active dog; coat curled and free from the patches of straight hairs; color black or liver; ears short lying close to head; height 55-65 cm and body weight 25-35 kg: tail long, straight and hairy

New Found land
Active dog of strong body; coat short, dense, smooth and glossy: color black, chocolate or yellow and free from markings; ears large and hanging close to head; height 50-60 cm and body weight 25-35 kg; tail thick at the root and tapering towards the tip.

Golden Retriever:
Active and powerful; coat flat or wavy and dense with water-resistant undercoat; color any shade of gold and cream but not red or tan; ears moderate in size; height 50-60 cm and body weight 30-35 kg; tail long, straight and feathered. straight and well set.

Saint Bernard:
One of the heaviest dogs with a massive end broad forehead, straight back, deep chest and heavy legs; coat either short-haired or long-haired and tough; it Is flat in short-haired; any wavy in long haired; thighs' and tail well feathered in longhaired dogs: height 6575cm and body weight 75-90 kg; occasionally up to 100 kg in some specimens; tail set high, long ,and slightly curved, and always carried low

Saint Bernard

Siberia Active, strong and sturdy sledge dog; double body coat made of outer long, rough and fluffy hair free from curls, and inner thick, soft and woolly shining~ undercoat: color mostly pure white but may be _-cream or white and biscuit; ears mediumsized wide apart ,erect, slightly rounded at tip and covered with fine hair

Cocker Spaniel:
Small sporting dog of compact body: head round with deep and broad muzzle; ears long, drooping and covered with fine hair; coat flat, close, silky, soft and wavy of black, black and tan, liver-red and roan color; height 35-40cm and body wt; 11-13 kg, the tail docked in early life and remains in line with the back

English Springer Spaniel:

Sporting dog of medium body, strong and muscular: coat flat or wavy, thick, medium in length, fine and gloss)?; common colors liver and white, black and white, liver, black or roan; ears lobular. hanging and set close to the head; height 25-30 cm and body weight 20-25 kg; tail docked in early life, well feathered and carried below the level of back.

Spaniel Clumber:
England Large-sized, active; head massive, furrowed forehead; large ears. fully covered with hairy coat close. silky and straight: limbs feathered; height 4050 cm and body weight 20-30 kg; tail docked in early life, feathered and carried at the level of back

Yorkshire Terrier:
Very small toy breed of compact body: head small and flat: nose black: coat silky: heavy parted straight down the back. Color dark steel blue or tan: height 20-25 cm and body weigh! 1.7 - 3.5 kg: Tail half docked and hairy.



Sana Riaz Ch. 2005-va-34 Asma Nazir 2005-va-35 Samina Anwaar 2005-va-36 Rabia Anjum 2003-va-164