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CHEMICAL INDUSTRY IN INDIA

GROUP MEMBERS
KHUSHBOO GADIA HARSH VALIA AAKANKSHA KOTHARI ANANDITA GUIN YASH JEJANI KIRK MIRANDA MILAN MASHKARIA SIDDHANT AGRAWAL

20 50 40 24 30

Introduction

The chemical industry comprises the companies that produce industrial chemicals. It converts raw materials into more than 70,000 different products.

Polymers and plastics comprise about 80% of the industrys output world. The chemical industry involves the use of various chemical processes.

HISTORY OF CHEMICAL INDUSTRY


Chemical Industries started at a time which is not traceable. It was in the 1820s where the industry started mass production. Over the years many great inventions continued from the production of sulphuric acid to rayon. But slowly the development started moving towards environmental concerns.

Chemical Industry in India

Contributes around 5% of the Indian GDP. Has a vital part in Agriculture and Industry Development. It contributes 13% of the total exports in India. Is a strong player in the generic pharmaceutical market and is the 2nd largest producer of agrochemicals in Asia. The industry also provides employment to over

Types of chemical industries

Agro chemicals Petro chemicals Pharmaceutical Explosive materials Oil and lubricants Adhesive

Leading Chemical Industries of India

Tata Chemicals Limited


Date of Establishment:1939 Revenue:1229.65 ( USD in Millions ) Market Cap:87776.2755849 ( Rs. in Millions ) Tata Chemicals (TCL), established in 1939, is the second largest producer of soda ash in the world with manufacturing facilities spread across four continents. TCL is market leader in iodised salt segment and leading manufacturer of urea and phosphatic fertilizers. Its urea plant in Babrala in Uttar Pradesh is most energy efficient fertilizer plant in the country.

Aditya Birla Chemicals (India) Ltd


Date of Establishment:1976 Revenue:54.3265 ( USD in Millions ) Market Cap:3050.768925 ( Rs. in Millions ) Largely manufacture chlor-alkali products such as peroxides(bleaching and medicines),phosphates(dairy products and cola drinks)and sulphites( preservation of food) and fluorine chemicals(tooth decay).

AGRICULTURE INDUSTRY

MEDICAL INDUSTRY

FIREWORK INDUSTRY

FOOD INDUSTRY

CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY

GLASS INDUSTRY

LEATHER INDUSTRY

MINING INDUSTRY

RUBBER INDUSTRY

SUGAR INDUSTRY

STEEL INDUSTRY

TEXTILE INDUSTRY

DETERGENTS

DYES

PAINTS

COSMETICS

THE wonderful world of chemistry benefits our lives today in countless ways. when misused, these same chemicals can be hazardous to the persons they benefit.
Chemicals arise from many sources.

Some chemicals occur naturally in the environment. Some are manufactured in an industrial base.

Potential hazards in chemical industries :Hazardous chemicals exposures. Poisoning by toxic materials.

Example:Bhopal disaster

Industrial workers exposure to chemicals Example:The Chernobyl disaster


Chemical industries leave out green house gases including Nitrous oxide and CFCs.

The Chlorine Industry

Incineration

Future generations may become heirs to a contaminated planet.

Conclusion : Protection of the environment is necessary to protect human health.

It Contributes to approximately 5% of GDP Waste is minimized to the lowest level possible Chemicals is nearly a $3 trillion global enterprise, of which india is a very small part as compared to the giants such as China and US. Sales of 4 types: 1) basic chemicals : 35 to 37 percent of the output 2) life sciences : 30 percent 3) specialty chemicals : 20 to 25 percent 4) consumer products : about 10 percent

Economical factors

Technological Factors
Nanochemistry: study of 1 to 100 nm. Useful in manufacture of chemical products pharmacy & complex polymers Nanochemically modified Medicines can cure cancer ( in some cases) Genetic changes possible cloning

Negative uses
Use of chemistry in nuclear weapons Misuse of chemical research eg. drugs

Indian chemical industry has come a long way.

Thus, by virtue of its diversity, the chemical industry bears a close correlation not only with the quantum of overall economic growth but also with the contents and quality of growth.

Of fast growing four BRIC (Brazil, Russia, India and China) countries,

India is today attracting attention as an emerging power with remarkable


economic growth, surpassed only by China.

India is the 2nd most populated country after China and with rising disposable incomes a new Indian middle class accounting for nearly a third of its population has emerged, potentially driving growth of its chemicals consumption at high rates.

CONCLUSION
The need for globalization . Foreign collaboration . Improving productivity . ICCA has reiterated its support for a new multilateral trade negotiations in the World Trade Organization. Harmonization of antidumping practices .

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