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From The Stone Age to the modern era man

has come a long way. In his pursuit of comforts of life he ignored the threat of pollution and environmental degradation caused by industrialization. Global warming is not new as this process

occurs naturally and keeps the Earth‟s

temperature about 50 degrees. Fahrenheit warmer than it would be otherwise. Without

this natural cover, Earth‟s surface would be

colder than it is today,, making the planet freezing and devoid off life.



  • Gas in the atmosphere, such a water, carbon dioxide, methane, CFCs and nitrous oxide, absorb infrared light and would otherwise escape to space, radiating it back towards the planet‟s surface.

  • These gases are called „ greenhouse gases‟ and they

have a critical role in determining the temperature of

the Earth‟s surface and the living conditions on the


  • This natural process is called the “greenhouse effect”.

3.Effect on Global Warming ?

i. Serve Changes in Weather :

Earth‟s surface to a new high of 14.57 degree centigrade.

  • Rise in temperature was marked by unusually severe

weather in many parts of the world.

  • The irony of this global warming is that while it could reduce

climatic changes by drying up rains.

  • It could also raise sea levels with disastrous consequences

for islands and low- level coastal areas.

II.Impact on Arctic Ecosystem :-

  • The ecosystem which sustains the livelihood of Arctic

residents is melting the ice as temperature rise.

The layer of permafrost is melting, causing an inland lake to drain into the ocean and killing fresh water fish.



iii.Kyoto Protocol :-

  • A un- brokered treaty was signed by in 1997 in Kyoto Japan. It was called the Kyoto Protocol.

    • It commits the rich countries to binding cut in their

emission of greenhouse gases, such as carbon dioxide.

  • The developed countries agreed to cut their emissions

by a collective average of 5 percent below their levels in

1990 by 2008-2012.

  • Representative Climate Conference (COPC) in Nov

2000, and discussed about the implementation of the Kyoto Protocol.

iv. Erratic Rain :-

  • People around the world will experience climate

changes and the erratic rainfall China to Africa will

jeopardize the lives of many people.

  • IT is now nearly a decade since the IPCC

accepted that human activates were changing the

world‟s climate.

  • The most severe warming is seen in the Arctic

were the ice pack is shrinking, and thinning,

according to the US experts.

v.More storms, foods, droughts,

submergence of islands :-

  • Scientists have warned that a warmer

world will mean more storms, floods, droughts, and snowfalls.

  • The countries that have to suffer most if

the Hague talks fail are the small countries.

Islands in danger of being submerged, from

the Pacific to the Caribbean are panicky. The lives of million people will be affected

vi. Ozone Getting Depleted :-

  • Pollution from transport is the fastest growing source of

carbon dioxide emissions since the industrial revolutions

  • Carbon emission levels responsible for 70 percent of

global warming vary widely among nations.

  • Due to these emissions the ozone layer that provides a

protective shield over the Earth from the harmful ultravoilent radiation is getting depleted.

  • Another greenhouse gas, methane, has more than



vii.Major Climate Change :-

  • If we do not act to reduce the emission of these

heat- trapping gases, it is predicted that global

temperature could rise 2 degree to 6degree Fahrenheit in the next 100 yrs. Just a few degree difference in the global average temperature can

mean a major climate change.

  • The amt o greenhouse gases that are released

could be controlled through prudent planning and

implementation of environmental priorities. Man has

to act now to insure against the risk of destructive future warming by reducing the greenhouse gas emissions.