An Article Review Of

Experimental Investigation Of a Single –Cylinder, 4-Stroke Diesel engine Operating on DualFuel Mode (DIESEL+LPG)

Presented By – Sumit Zokarkar

INTRODUCTION    High rate of Consumption of petroleum products world-wide Dependency of many countries (e.g. . India) on Imported fuel Threats to Oil Supply • • • Price Fluctuation Political reason Pipe line accidents  Urgent Need to conserve the Petroleum products like diesel.

6 9487.7 9800.4 11140.INTRODUCTION Total primary Energy Consumption (in MToE) Year India World 1990 193.3 .3 8136.8 2003 350.9 2002 338.4 1996 271.7 1997 285.4 8119 1991 205.5 8791.

INTRODUCTION      Use of Alternate fuels like Vegetable Oil Changes in Basic Components of Engine Retrofitting of Engine High Cost More Time consuming      Operating Engine on Dualfuel Mode Only Peripheral Changes in existing engine Gaseous Fuel is used Economical Less time required .

Dual-Fuel Engine     Works on Basis of Diesel Cycle Diesel is used as Pilot fuel which initiates combustion LPG is Used as gaseous Fuel and controls Power-output Specification of engine used is : .

Block Diagram of Experimental Setup .

Item Details 1. 2.68 1500 16:1 Mech. 5. 4. 7. Water . 6. Bore in mm Stroke in mm Rated Power in KW Speed in RPM Compression Ratio Type of Dynamometer Coolant Used 80 110 3.Specifications of Engine SNo. 3.

Specifications of Carburetor SNo. Item Type Main Diameter Details Venture Type 20mm 1. 3. Venture diameter Number of Holes 7. 2. 4. 6.75mm .54mm 6 8 4 5. Diameter of each Hole Outer tube Diameter 4mm 32.

EXPERIMENTATION      A Single-Cylinder. A Mechanical dynamometer of rope-brake type for brake power measurement. . Engine operated at constant speed of 1500 rpm in both states. A U-tube manometer to measure the Air-LPG consumption. four-stroke diesel engine of 5 Hp is used. A specially designed venture type LPG Carburetor installed in air supply system.

Again engine is operated at different loads (0-5 Kg) Some of the typical parameters evaluated and plotted during experimentation are: .EXPERIMENTATION     Initially operated with 100% diesel and at six different loads(0-5 Kg) Then diesel supply slowly reduced and LPG supply is increased.

EXPERIMENTATION         Brake Power Air-Fuel Ratio Mechanical Efficiency LPG consumption diesel Consumption Brake Thermal Efficiency Specific Fuel Consumption Coolant Losses Exhaust Gas Losses .

Brake Thermal efficiency is more for pure diesel at low loads but at high loads its more in dual-fuel mode. However. Exhaust gas losses are much lower for dual-fuel mode.      . rate of increase is much higher in dual-fuel mode compare to pure diesel mode. Brake specific fuel consumption found to decrease with increase in load for both modes. Mechanical efficiency found to increase with load for both modes.RESULTS OF EXPERIMENT   Air fuel ratio is constant for Pure Diesel operation It varies from 53% to 38% with load in case of dual-fuel mode.

In Present study diesel could be conserved 45% due to practical limitations. The Brake Power of engine on dual-fuel operation is 15% more compare to pure diesel operation. . The engine exhaust losses are smaller for dual-fuel mode but the coolant losses are higher. The Mechanical Efficiency of the engine for dual-fuel mode is much higher to that of pure diesel operation. Precious Diesel can be conserved by the dual-fuel operation without sacrificing the engine performance. The engine operation is found to be smoother in dual-fuel mode due to better mixing of air & LPG.CONCLUSION       The dual–fuel operation of engine can conserve diesel up-to 80%.

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