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Automated identification based on physiological or behavioral characteristics
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Physiological – related to shape of the body Fingerprint Facial recognisation Hand Geometry Iris recognisation Behavioral – related to the behavior of the person Speaker Gesture Signature
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 Biometric is an emerging area with many 


  

opportunities with many growth Not to remember passwords User friendly A new way to interact with devices Increasing security Increasing convenience

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 Federal state  local governments  in the military and

 in commercial applications
 US Army National Ground Intelligence Center

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 False Accept Rate or False Match Rate (FAR or FMR)

 False Reject Rate or False Non-Match Rate (FRR or

FNMR)  Receiver Operating Characteristic or Relative Operating Characteristic (ROC)  Equal Error Rate or Crossover Error Rate (EER or CER)  Failure to Enroll Rate (FTE or FER)
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 A fingerprint is made of series of ridges and furrows on

the surface of the finger  Ridge ending, ridge bifurcation and minutiae points

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 Among all the biometric techniques, fingerprint-based

identification is the oldest method which has been successfully used in numerous applications.  Fingerprinting was first created by Dr. Henry Fault, a British surgeon.  Everyone is known to have unique, immutable fingerprints.

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 The uniqueness of a fingerprint can be determined by the

pattern of ridges and valleys as well as the minutiae points.  Minutiae points are local ridge characteristics that occur at either a ridge bifurcation or a ridge ending.  A fingerprint is made of a series of ridges and valleys on the surface of the finger.

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6 classes of patterns

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 Door Locks
 Access Control

 Computer work stations

 Time Clocks
 In room safes  Payment Systems
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System - Criminal Justice Forensic Fingerprint System
 Criminal Justice Fingerprint Identification Systems, Larger Jurisdictions  Criminal Justice Fingerprint Identification, Smaller Local Jurisdiction Systems  Criminal Justice Fingerprint Technology Algorithmic Software / AFIS Engine
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System - Civil Identification Fingerprint System
 Civil Identification Fingerprint Identification System  Civil Identification Fingerprint Technology Algorithmic

Software

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System - Access Search/Identification - Limited Population
 Finger Search Engine - Software Developer's Kit

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 Resistive  Surface acoustic wave  Capacitive

 Surface capacitance
 Projected capacitance  Mutual Capacitance

 Infrared
 Dispersive signal technology

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Construction
1. Top polyester layer coated with a transparent metallic

conductive coating on the bottom 2. Adhesive spacer 3. Glass layer coated with a transparent metallic conductive coating on the top 4. Adhesive layer on the backside of the glass for mounting

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 It depends on the technology used:

 Technology that simply reads the surface or

does not use electromagnetic can be defeated.

But of course you have to get the fingerprint!!  In this case a combination method is best

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