You are on page 1of 20

PIEZOELECTRIC PRESSURE TRANSDUCER

Karen Bastidas Diana Gaitn Diego Ra Ana Ruz

INTRODUCT ION

CONCEP TS

EFFECT

MATERIA LS

GO TO .

PARTS

APPLICATIO NS

ADVANTA GES

DISADVANTA GES

ETHIMOLOGY
Piezo is derived from the Greek word piezein, to squeeze. Piezoelectric materials produce a voltage when strained.

TRANSDUCER
A device that converts a signal from a signal corresponding physical form but otherwise physically different.
Pressure

Voltage

PIEZOELECTRIC PRESSURE TRANSDUCER


Sensor
pressure Electrical signals Acceleration Measure stress

force

PRINCIPLE OF OPERATION
The voltage is directly proportional to the force, pressure.
Coil Condenser Resistance Voltage source

PIEZOELECTRIC EFFECT
Discovered in the nineteenth century by Jacques and Pierre Curie

PIEZOELECTRIC EFFECT
Pressure Voltage

When pressure is applied to a material it creates strain or deformation in the material, this strain creates an electrical potential difference.

PIEZOELECTRIC EFFECT
The piezoelectric effect is found in materials with a specific electrical crystalline structure.
Quartz

PIEZOELECTRIC MATERIALS or identical A piezoelectric material cannot be isotropic,


in all directions. Natural materials

Quartz

Tourmaline

PIEZOELECTRIC MATERIALS
Synthetic materials

PIEZOELECTRIC MATERIALS
The material is isotropic and yields no resultant electric polarization when a force is applied.

PIEZOELECTRIC MATERIALS
Both materials yield parallel and perpendicular polarizations respectively when a force is applied.

PARTS

APPLICATIONS
Ultrasonic transmitters and receivers. Accelerometers

Microphones and loudspeakers


Force sensor ent of airbags.

APPLICATIONS
Dynamic measurement of cylinder pressure and fuel injection pressure in the development of internal combustion engines.

Continuous monitoring of cylinder pressures in large diesel engines.

Measurement of explosion pressures in the development of air bags.

ADVANTAGES
Low cost High sensitivity High mechanical stiffness Broad frequency range Small size High modulus of elasticity of many piezoelectric materials. The piezoelectric technology is insensitive to electromagnetic fields and radiation, enabling measurements under adverse conditions.

DISADVANTAGES
Elevated temperatures and very high pressures cause an additional failure in the internal resistance and the sensitivity of the measurement.

BIBLIOGRAPHY
THE MECHANISM FOR THE ESTERIFICATION REACTION.[en lnea]. http://www.chemguide.co.uk/physical/catalysis/esterify.html [citado en 23 de octubre de 2011] ESTERIFICACIN. [en lnea]. http://www.plantasquimicas.com/Procesunit/Ester.htm [citado en 23 de octubre de 2011] LOS ESTERES. [en lnea]. http://www.galeon.com/cheko/fisicas.html [citado en 23 de octubre de 2011] ESTERES. [en lnea]. http://www.quimicaorganica.org/esteres/nomenclatura-de-esteres.html [citado en 23 de octubre de 2011]