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PLANET under Pressure

Effects of Climate Change in the Reproductive Health

PATRICK D. ALBIT, RN BCC Coordinator GF - DOH

Climate versus Weather

Climate is the average weather for a particular region over a long time period. winter, spring, summer, and fall; special weather events (like tornadoes and floods). Weather can change from hour-to-hour, day-to-day, and season-to-season. It may rain for an hour and then become sunny and clear.

What is Climate Change?
 Climate patterns of temperature, precipitation, humidity, wind
and seasons. "Climate change" affects more than just a change in the weather, it refers to seasonal changes over a long period of time. These climate patterns play a fundamental role in shaping natural ecosystems, and the human economies and cultures that depend on them.
 Because so many systems are tied to climate, a change in climate can affect many related aspects of where and how people, plants and animals live, such as food production, availability and use of water, and health risks.

What’s the difference ?
Global warming… refers to rising global temperatures. Climate change… includes other more specific kinds of changes. Warmer global temperatures in the atmosphere and oceans leads to climate changes affecting rainfall patterns, storms and droughts, growing seasons, humidity, and sea level.

Global Warming is the cause of Climate change.

Paki-explain pa ng konte . . .
 Global warming – Planet wide  Climate change – specific changes of weather in the global,

continental, regional and local levels.

Climate change causes severe weather patterns that could make temperature rise and fall more drastically making seasons shift.

WARM = MORE WARMER COOL = MORE COOLER Ito na ‘yung tinatawag na Weather Extremes. . .

Is it Really Happening?
UNFORTUNATELY YES!
    Retreating mountain glaciers on all continents Thinning ice caps in the Arctic and Antarctic Rising sea level – about 6-7 inches in the 20th century More frequent heavy precipitation events (rainstorms, floods or snowstorms) in many areas  More intense and longer droughts over wider areas, especially in the tropics and subtropics

Increased CO2 = depletion of Tress / forests + Industries Increased Heat Trapping = Increased Global warming

Ang Malaking Butas . . .

Ozone Hole = chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) Montreal Protocol

Global Warming = CO2 trapped; greenhouse effect Kyoto Protocol

The ozone hole

 At 25 million square kilometers (about 9.7 million square miles), the ozone hole over the South Pole reached its maximum annual size on September 14, 2011.  Since its discovery in the late 1970’s with the first satellite mission that could measure ozone, the hole continued to grow in its annual maximum area steadily throughout the 1980’s and 90’s.  The international banning of ozone-destroying oxidizing chemicals like CFC’s (chlorofluorocarbons) has helped reduce the loss of ozone, which protects Earth from harmful ultraviolet energy from the sun.  As these ozone-destroying compounds slowly break down in the stratosphere, years with large ozone holes are now more associated with very cold winters over Antarctica and high polar winds that prevent the mixing of ozone rich air outside of the polar circulation with the ozone depleted air inside.  Shown here is the total ozone concentration over the South Pole on September 14, 2011. The “hole” is designated as the area where the total ozone concentration is below 220 Dobson units (a measure of thickness). In this image, those values are colored red. To put the 2011 maximum ozone hole size in context with that of past decades, the approximate size of 1981 and 1991 maximum hole areas are also shown. The ozone "hole" is not a complete depletion of ozone throughout the entire atmosphere, but rather the partial or complete depletion of ozone between 14-22 km above the surface

THE CAUSE

One of the biggest ways people contribute to greenhouse gases is by

Burning fossil fuels.
We use coal, oil, and natural gas to generate electricity, heat our homes, power our factories, and run our cars.

Why A Concern?
BIGLANG BUMABAHA SA MGA LUGAR NA HINDI NAMAN DATING BINABAHA…
Global Warming Warming oceans Melting Ice glaciers Human Trafficking Climate Change Rains / storms illnesses Scarcity of basic needs

Affects Natural ecosystems, agriculture , food supplies, human health access, forestry, water resources and availability, energy use & transportation
Human Trafficking ex. Cambodia

Climate Change

Effects on Reproductive Health
• • • • • • • • • • Stressful ; weakens immune system & the heart Low access to services; No Family Planning; Maternal health Victims of disasters / Human Trafficking; leads to sex trade Low health-seeking behavior; prioritized basic needs Danger of Families / at-risk for disasters ; No water, shelter & food Increasing Community illnesses Self-medications / vulnerability to Infection Increasing Health needs Gender Issues Unavailability of services; focus budget on climate change

Understanding ANATOMY
Weather Extremes:

HOT Body = VASODILATE / RELAX COLD Body = VASOCONSTRICTION
Hotness = Hotness = Bleeding Tendencies Hot flashes (sign of menopause)

Disaster =

Malnutrition = Stress

Stress
Our Brain On Stress
       both mental and emotional strain. Headaches and personality changes can occur. Sleep patterns can be disrupted, insomnia and nightmares. prone to irritability, depression and anxiety. impulsive behavior, such as excessive gambling or shopping. personal relationships ; make us oversensitive and edgy. invoke thoughts of suicide or stroke.

Stress
Our Mouth, Skin, Muscles, Lung and Heart on Stress
    mouth dryness, cold sores or mouth ulcers. outbreak of hives, rashes or other conditions. back, neck and body pains, along with muscle spasms. Vital organs, such as the lung and heart take a deadly blow bringing on heart disease, high blood pressure, increase in asthma and allergy attacks.  immune system is weakened by stress, making us more vulnerable to colds and chronic conditions.

Stress

Our Digestive System on Stress
 constipation or diarrhea, heart burn, nausea and stomach pains.  Heartburn promotes the production of acids that can irritate our esophagus and cause cancer.  Colon problems can result when the digestive system is disrupted, as can ulcers.

Stress

Our Reproductive Organs on Stress
        increase of vaginal infection for women, premature ejaculation in men, loss of sexual desire for both genders. Women's menstrual patterns can seriously be disrupted Dysmenorrhea; more pain Bleeding; hemorrhage Body Moisture; infection Decrease sex drive

Effects on FEMALE
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. Infections / Candidiasis (Yeast) Bacterial Vaginosis / Douching Profuse sweating / discomfort Mood swings / signs of menopause Sleep disturbance / fatigue StreSs -> Smoking -> Hypertension Sexual dysfunctions associated with stress Moist environment ; Promotes progression of STI Bad body Odor

Effects on MALE
     

Infertility (Pretesticular, Testicular, post-testicular) Sexual dysfunctions (delayed or absent pleasure) Infections (balanitis, balanoposthitis, orchitis) Impotence (inability to achieve erection; Diabetes Mellitus) Moist Environment; Promote progression of STI Bad body odor

7 things that are stopping you from getting
enough sex
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Party-Party Jealousy Routine Short Finger Smoking Relationship Crisis Diet

TAKE NOTE: THE BRAIN IS THE BIGGEST SEX ORGAN OF THE BODY. L-Arginine (firmer male); Soy (sensitive/lubricated/combats symptoms of menopause) Vanilla for men; Lavender for women

7 Reasons why Sex is good for You

1. Good for the heart
Not only is sex a way to feel close and express your love it’s also good for your heart in a physical way. As you’re getting active (hopefully) sex gets your heart rate up, which helps it stay in good shape. Men who have sex twice a week or more have been found to cut their risk of a fatal heart attack by half.

2. Lose a few pounds
It’s exercise, albeit more fun than the average kind, so sex can help you drop a few pounds. Alright, it’s not as effective as the treadmill (which burns 400 calories in half an hour compared to sex’s 85) but as part of a healthy lifestyle it can really make a difference.

3. Stops you getting sick
Regular sex with your partner can help stave off colds and illnesses as it boosts your immune system. People who achieve the holy grail of two or more times a week have been found to have higher levels of an antibody called immunoglobulin A, which protects you against minor illness and flu. However, those who had sex more often than that had lower levels of the antibody so don’t go overboard.

4. Soothes pain
Hormones produced when you have sex are a powerful pain reliever and have been shown to sooth menstrual and arthritic pain, among other things. The chemical at work is oxytocin, which also lowers blood pressure and can be beneficial if you get migraines.

5. Reduces the risk of prostate cancer
Prostate cancer is the most common male cancer in the UK, but researchers have found that men in their 20s lower their risk of developing it by a third by ejaculating five or more times a week. The correlation isn’t clear for older men but there’s no harm in trying…

6. Stress reliever
There’s a medical reason sex improves your mood – it causes your brain to produce feel good chemicals called endorphins that relieve stress. It has also been shown to lower your blood pressure, which will help keep you calm in stressful situations.

7. Sends you to sleep
Afterwards of course! As sex floods your system with endorphins and oxytocin, it’s ideal to promote a relaxation and a deeper, more restful sleep.

ANO ANG DAPAT GAWIN?
World Health Organization

P A

artnership strengthening dvocacy (Reduce/Reuse/Recycle) / Education

S

cience & Evidence / Research

H

ealth system referrals/Early detection

A Healthy Planet results to A Healthy Family share the knowledge.
MABUHAY KAYO! MARAMING SALAMAT PO.
Patrick D. Albit, RN BCC Coordinator Davao