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(Point, Line, and Plane

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OBJECTIVES:
Describe the ideas of point, line, and plane Identify real-life representations of point, line, and plane Differentiate collinear points and noncollinear points Distinguish coplanar lines from noncoplanar lines

Have you ever watched the stars at night?
What do they like?

.Stars during the night look like DOTS. A DOT suggests the idea of one of the basic undefined terms in Geometry which is the POINT. We can just describe it. Remember: We cannot define a point.

NAME GRAPHICAL SYMBOL REPRESENTATION DESCRIPTION point A. Table 1 . It indicates a position. width. point G. or height. and point M G M A A G M A point has no length.

the LINE. If we will connect this two points.Consider points G and M. it will introduce us another basic undefined term . G M GM read as line GM or MG read as line MG .

NAME GRAPHICAL REPRESENTATION SYMBOL DESCRIPTION line CD C and line XY X n Y D m CD. YX. length or line n Table 2 . A line has no or width nor line m thickness but it has infinite XY. DC.

A B C D Points A and B are collinear points. Why are they called noncollinear points? ____________________________________ _________________________________ _________________________________ . Points C and D are also collinear points. points F and G. and points F and H are also noncollinear. Points E and H. Why are they called collinear points? _________________________________ ______________________________ ______________________________ F E H G Points E and G are noncollinear points.

and points F and H are also noncollinear. . Points C and D are also collinear points.A B C D Points A and B are collinear points. Points E and H. Why are they called collinear points? They are called collinear point because they lie on the same line. points F and G. Why are they called noncollinear points? They are called noncollinear because they DO NOT lie on the same line. F E H G Points E and G are noncollinear points.

Consider the figure.A set of three noncollinear points determines the third basic undefined term in geometry. Q. What is a plane? . and R enclosed by a four-sided figure gives us plane PQR. P Q R Noncollinear points P.

Plane ABC. Plane BCA. length but or has no Q thickness. infinite width and CAB. Table 3 .NAME GRAPHICAL REPRESENTATION SYMBOL DESCRIPTION Plane Q. A plane has an BCA. or Plane CAB A B C Q ABC.

Coplanar and Non-coplanar Lines Lines that lie on the same plane are called coplanar lines. . Lines that do not lie on the same plane are called non-coplanar lines. Points that do not lie on the same plane are called non-coplanar points. Similarly: Points that lie on the same plane are called coplanar points.

I A B C G F H D E .

identify representations of points. . lines. List as many as you can on your activity sheet.Activity 1: In a group of five. and planes that you can see around the campus.

of lines on the second column.Group Number: Members: Date: Activity 1: REAL-LIFE REPRESENTATIONS OF UNDEFINED TERMS IN GEOMETRY List real-life representations of points on the first column. POINTS LINES PLANES . and of planes on the third column.

Activity 2: Identify the undefined term represented by each of the following physical examples. .

Edge of a box kite line .1.

2. Brick wall plane .

3. Tip of a pen point .

Edge of a table line .4.

Face of a frame plane .5.

Poles line .5.

Cover of a book plane .6.

7. Needle point point .

Curtain rod line .8.

Crease of a paper line .9.

10. Tip of a leaf point .

Activity 3: Identify whether the given points are collinear (CL). Put a check (/)under the proper column. Points C and E E H G C J P I F . Points F and I __ __ __ __ 4. CL NC CP NP __ __ __ __ 1. noncollinear (NC). or non-coplanar (NP). Points F and J __ __ __ __ 3. coplanar (CP). Points G and P __ __ __ __ 2.

Activity 3: (continuation) CL NC CP NP __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ 5. Points J and J __ 8. Points H and F __ 9. Points G and H __ 6. Points E and D __ 7. Points I and J __ 10. Points C and I E H G C F J P I .

School Year 2009 . VENTURA MA 202 (Instructional Materials Development with Computer Literacy) Summer. Romero 3.2010 . C. Geometry by E.Topic: BASIC UNDEFINED TERMS IN GEOMETRY References: 1. Tafalla. L. Secondary Mathematics Learning Competencies (Mathematics III) A. et al. 1. 5. Geometry(a work text in Math III) by V.1 – 1. A. DIVINA JOY A. Geometry in the real world by K. D. Geometry by A.5 Prepared by: MS. Villar 4. Sarmiento & R. Mapile 2.