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PURA – MODEL OF RURAL DEVELOPMENT

PROVIDING URBAN AMENITIES IN RUAL AREA (2005)

Objective of PURA Model:
• 1. To eradicate poverty from India, PURA model will work as lever of Economic upliftment of the villages. • 2. People below poverty (BPL) are about 260 million and present GDP rate is 8.1%. It has to be increased to 10% and to be sustained for several years. • Then it is possible for India to get the status of a Developed Nation.

Electricity. must have a standard in their life. so that people can survive with better life. . • 5. • 4.• 3. To make strong the infrastructure of Rural Area such as – Health. To ensure that people who are living in rural are. To propel Economic Development without population Transfer. Education and health issues.

ELECTRICITY. TRANSPORTATION. Khusro). • 7.M. HEALTH CARE AND EDUCATION.• 6. Infrastructure includes : ROADS. Pura concept also invite Private Sector for investment for creating Social and Economic infrastructure in Rural Area. A. . Take infrastructure to villages where human beings live (said by Late Prof.

• For this purpose Rs. • (ii) Electricity.3 Crore is not sufficient to dev elop one-cluster (15-25 villages). . • (iii) Transport facilities. • Development areas are as under: • (i) Roads and Ring Road. • (iv) Telecommunication & IT Services.

• (vi) Hospital and Health Centres.Where rural people can sell their produce and can purchase all the goods and commodities & services for daily use.• (v) Knowledge Connectivity : Higher Education. . • (vii) Marketing Facilities:.

Invest Rs. This amount should be given to Block Development Committee to develop clusters.SUGGESTED APPROACH TO GOVT. BY EXPERTS IS AS UNDER: • • • • • • 1. Select 600 blocks in Backward areas. 2. This amount will be given in three Phases: .25 crores per block 3.

. so that 80% can be realeased by the Central Govt.• Ist Phaze : under Xth Plan .40% amount • Out of the total amount 20% amount should be contributed by the State-Govt.25% amount • 2ns Phaze: under XIth Plan – 35% amount • 3rd Phaze : under XIIth Plan. concerned. to state govt. .

. • The Govt. Electricity and Water connectivity. and • (iii) Village oriented (Type-C-Cluster). (i) Urban (Type –A-Cluster). .be taken first by the Govt. • Cluster Type –C.• As there are 3 categories of Clusters viz. with Roads. should start work of infrastructure at Bottom level cluster first. • (ii) Semi-urban (Type-B-Cluster).

and Telecommunication. (But Private Sector have already started connectivity in Telecommunication sector) • PPP mode should be used by Govt.e. for implementing the PURA schemes. funds. Education. .• These three essential infrastructure should be made available by the State Govt. Then. for remaining development work i. Hospital.

000 to 1 lac in about 10 to 15 villages with adequate land for four-lane circular road without having canals should be taken on priority basis for development in all districts. .• XIth Plan provision in Budget is for Rs. • Population between 30.248 crores for implementing the PURA shceme in compact Rural areas in Public Private Partnership (PPP) mode.

3. These four connectivity is required to enhance the prosperity of cluster of villages in the Rural Areas. .PURA-model involves FOUR connectivities: 1. 4. 2. Physical Connectivity Electronic Connectivity Knowledge Connectivity Economic Connectivity.

.a strong infrastructure should be constructed to connect the rural area. the main objectives are as under:• (i) A group of 15-20 villages linked by Road. This will make easier to go from one place to other and transfer of goods will be easy (Agricultural produce). It means.(1) PHYSICAL CONNECTIVITY: • In this connectivity.

provision of Electricity and Transport have also been included in Pura.• (ii) There will be a Ring Road to connect the villages each other. . • (iii) Besides Roads.Physical connectivity. • (2) Digital or Electronic Connectivity: • (i) Under this model every Indian should get electric connection in his house.

• (3) Knowledge Connectivity:• This connectivity means :- .Cyber Cafes. • .• (ii) Telecommunication facilities and Information Technology services should be available : • . • .Public Call Offices.Computer Services etc.

• (iv) To provide public awareness through various type of Dramas and plays.• (i) A School within a distance of 5 to 7 kms. • (v) To train people of rural area through Training Institutions. • (ii) Higher Education Centre. • (iii) Hospital and Primary Health Centre in villages. . of Circular Ring Road.

• (4) Economy Connectivity: • (i) To establish within this group of villages (15-20 villages) good MARKETING FACILITIES. • (ii) Rural people can sell their Agricultural and allied activities produce in these markets. so that all the commodities and services of daily use can be procured. .

. • MAN-POWER. • LOGISTICS. TECHNOLOGY to Markets.• (iii) Economic connectivity consists of following things:• Agricultural Produce through Channels of ROADS. • TRANSPORTATION.

• COOPERATIVE BANKS.NGO.• Market through various agencies and their Cooperation. • SHG. AND • DEVELOPMENT INSTITUTIONS. .Agencies are: • BANKS • STATE & CENTRAL GOVERNMENT.

• The PURA enterprize has to have the skills for evolving a business plan with banks and also create infrastructural support as Educational Institutions. .• Through Economic connectivity. the PURA-model can become a Business Enterprise which can be operated in every nook and corner in our country and also at Global level.

. Tele-medicine. Transportation services. Transport. e-governance services in the region integrating with the governmental rural development schemes like Roads. Communication etc. Small Scale Industries. Tele-educations.• Health Centers.

• .Having minimal road connectivity. ..CLASSIFICATION OF PURA IN 3 CATEGORIES: • • • • • Category –I :Type A Clusters (near urban) Category-II :Type B Clusters (.Closer to an urban area. semi-urb) Category-III :Type C Clusters (far off-urb) TYPE-A CLUSTER: The classification is made based on region and state of present development: • .

• Keeping in minds these things. • . the development is made and improvement is done.Limited infrastructure.Limited support of Schools.• . • .Limited support for Primary Health • Centre (PHC). .

.No connectivity of School and PHC.It is situated close to urban area but has sparsely spread infrastructure and it may be closer to urban area. .With no infrastructure. .• • • • • • • • TYPE –B CLUSTER:. TYPE – C CLUSTER:.Located far interior (Remote Areas).

and • .No connectivity of School & PHC. planned to develop 4.000 Rural clusters locations of Backward Regions. • IMPLEMENTATION OF PURA-MODEL BY NATION :• Government Action on the Pura –Model is as under:• (1) Govt.No basic amenities. .• .

• (3) To be implemented through CDP :• .• (2) Budget Allocated: • Rs. total value to be issued is Rs.Green Revolution was possible through CDPs.12. .Irrigation facilities were enlarged and • . • Total Clusters are 4000.000 Crores. • Hence.3 crores for each cluster.

.• (4) There are a migration of people from rural to urban areas. • The urban-rural gap can be removed only if migration stops.0%. which has created difference between urban and rural which continues.3% • In 2001 urban population was :27. Some facts & figures about migration to urban area: • In 1951 urban population was :17.8% and • In 2011 urban population is :32.

OPPORTUNITIES AVAILABLE: • 1. Second Green Revolution:- .