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Internet Service Providers

Outline: •What is an ISP? •Working of an ISP •ISP Policy •ISP Business •Accessing ISPs •Future of ISPs

What is an ISP?  An ISP is a company that supplies Internet Connectivity to home and business Customers .

What is an ISP?  ISPs are places that hold big computers (servers)  These serves hold critical information about location of different computers around the globe. governments and corporations.  Smooth functioning of ISPs depend on efforts from individuals. .

Basic Terms Related to ISPs  IP Adress  Modem  Dial Up  DSL  Broadband  Dedicated Lines .

. • Type name of URL on address bar.Detailed Working  For connection to the internet one needs a modem and an ISP connection. • Obtaining dynamic IP address from ISP. • Transfer of requested webpage through arrays of dedicated lines and routers. • ISP searches for address of server that holds the requested address. Step by Step Functioning: • Login to your ISP.

ISP Policy Categories of ISPs:  Category 'A'  Category 'B'  Category 'C‘ Period of Validity of the Licence Financial conditions:  License Fee  Bank Guarantee (FBG & PBG)  Tariff .

ISP Business Major ISPs In India:  VSNL  Satyam Infoway  BSNL  MTNL  Bharti Airtel .

List of ISPs having all-India License in India BSNL Sify VSNL Reliance Data Infosys HCL Infinet Bharti Infotel CMC Siti Cable Network Guj Info Petro RPG Infotech Gateway Systems (India) Hughes Escorts Communications ERNET India Jumpp India Tata Internet Services In2Cable (India) Essel Shyam Communications World Phone Internet Services Astro India Networks RailTel Corporation L&T Finance Tata Power Broadband Reliance Engineering Associates Primus Telecommunications India GTL Primenet Global Pacific Internet India Swiftmail Communications Spectra Net Comsat Max BG Broad India Trak Online Net India Tata Teleservices (Maharashtra) Harthway Cable Estel Communication Reach Network India Gujarat Narmada Valley Fertilizers Corporation Bharti Aquanet i2i Enterprise HCL Comnet Systems and Services .

How to become an ISP? Steps to take:  Category  Entry Fee & Processing Fee  Bank guarantees  Provide Service Pros and Cons of ISP Business .

Accessing ISPs Consumers can access their ISPs through different means such as:  Dial-up connection  Broadband technologies  GPRS (General Packet Radio Service) & 3G (Third Generation mobile telecommunication) services for mobile access .

 Dial-up connection is the slowest internet connection. it is 17-53 times slower than broadband connection. which is then routed to the internet.  It is not possible to make or receive phone calls when connected to the Internet. .Dial-up Connection  Dial-up access is a form of Internet access via telephone line.  The client uses a modem connected to a computer and a telephone line to dial into an ISP's node to establish a modem to modem link.

Broadband Technologies Broadband technology refers to the means by which access can be made faster with greater bandwidth. of which the main types are :  Digital Subscriber Line (DSL)  Cable Modems  Other means . There are several such technologies.

DSL  Limitations of cable infrastructure  High-bandwidth Internet access over existing     phone wiring Most commonly used means of broadband technology It modulates binary data into sonic frequencies above 20 kHz This enables user to make or receive calls when connected to Internet without interference Speeds upto 6 mbps can be delivered .

Cable Modems  High speed Internet access over cable modems  Uses the Hybrid Fiber Coax (HFC) or the all- coaxial infrastructure of the local cable provider  Speeds range from 500kbps to 30mbps  This bandwidth satisfies the current scale requirement though it is expected to face scalability issues in future .

Other Broadband Technologies These include:  Passive Optical Networks (PON)  Wireless LAN and LMDS (Local Multipoint Distribution Service)  Asynchronous Transfer Mode (ATM)  10/100/1000 Mbps Ethernet Other connection means include connection via satellite. . electric power lines etc.

org and . Instead of the traditional .info. .net there is now .com.The Future of ISPs?  Depends on competitive forces  Increasing demand  ISPs will become increasingly important as more information is communicated by the Internet  Increasing research in ISP sciences  An interesting new development is the introduction of new domain names. .biz and .

Thank You! Presented by: •Devanjan Roy •Dhruv Phadke •Nilay Saraf .