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INDO-U.S.

NUCLEAR DEAL

WHAT IS THE NUCLEAR DEAL?
• Bilateral agreement on nuclear cooperation between the USA and the Republic of India. • Framework of the deal agreed on 18th July, 2005 • Ratified by the US congress on 1st October 2008

 US will help India negotiate with the IAEA for an India-specific fuel supply agreement. .  Washington will support New Delhi develop strategic reserves of nuclear fuel to guard against future disruption of supply.KEY ASPECTS OF THE DEAL  The agreement not to hinder or interfere with India's nuclear programme for military purposes.

equipment and components. non-nuclear material.  Any special fissionable material transferred under the agreement shall be low enriched uranium.KEY ASPECTS OF THE DEAL  India and the US agree to transfer nuclear material.  Both the countries agree to facilitate nuclear trade between themselves in the interest of respective industries and consumers .

reactor experiments and decommissioning. design.  Deal include research.  The US will have the right to seek return of nuclear fuel and technology but it will compensate for the costs incurred as a consequence of such removal.KEY ASPECTS OF THE DEAL  Low enriched uranium can be transferred for use as fuel in reactor experiments and in reactors for conversion or fabrication. development. . operation. maintenance and use of nuclear reactors. construction.

KEY ASPECTS OF THE DEAL  The US to engage Nuclear Suppliers Group to help India obtain full access to the international fuel market. .  Nuclear material and equipment transferred to India by the US would be subject to safeguards in perpetuity. uninterrupted and continual access to fuel supplies from firms in several nations. including reliable.

HISTORY OF INDIA’S NUCLEAR PROGRAMME  1950: The United States helped India develop nuclear energy under the atoms for peace programme.  1974: India tested its first nuclear bomb which was made by the materials from the Canadian reactor in tarapur which supposed to be used only for civilian purpose. .  1968: India refused to sign the NPT. claiming it was biased.

George W.HISTORY OF INDIA’S NUCLEAR PROGRAMME Oct 8.  Oct 10. .2008: U. signed the legislation on the Indo US nuclear deal.S. president.2008: The agreement was signed by Indian External Affairs Minister Pranab Mukherjee and his counterpart Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice. Bush.

2008 – Vote of confidence in Parliament .2005. 2006 .Joint statement at Washington DC (Intention to enter into nuclear agreement) July 26.Stages of Indo US nuclear deal July 18.Passed “Henry J Hyde United States – India Peaceful Atomic Energy Co-operation Act 2006” July 10.

2008 – UPA government wins trust vote in Lok Sabha Sept 27. 2008 – deal is signed by external affairs minister Pranab Mukherjee and his counterpart in the US . 2008 – US house of Representatives approves Indo-US deal Oct 8. 2008 – President Bush signs the landmark deal Oct 10.Stages of Indo US nuclear deal July 22.

10% a year and in 10 years we won’t be able to keep up without clean nuclear energy. In order for India to become a developed nation.  Reliable powers brings more foreign investments to India. Thus it will bring more and more job opportunities to India.  No power means no factories.ADVANTAGES OF DEAL TO INDIA India’s economical growth is 8. we must have nuclear energy. no manufacturing plants. no growth and no job.  .

National Thermal Power Corporation and Larsen & Toubro eyeing a $100 billion (U.000 MW of electricity in India by 2020.S.) business in this sector over the same time period • According to Hindustan Times. nuclear energy will produce 52. .ADVANTAGES OF DEAL TO INDIA • Some of India's largest and most well-respected corporations like Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited.

But a) USA will take back all the machinery / equipments / technology supplied to India thus far.DISADVANTAGES OF DEAL TO INDIA • India have to disclose its all nuclear power plants’ secrets and also agree to 14 of our nuclear power plants to be under the scanner of International Atomic Power Organization. • If India does nuclear test. b) Those 14 plants will continue to be under scanner irrespective of the status of the agreement. . then there is no clause for cancelling this agreement. if any of the commitments given by USA is breached by them. • On the other hand. this agreement gets cancelled.

DISADVANTAGES OF DEAL TO INDIA • Cheaper alternative such as coal easily available • The time frame needed to building a new nuclear power plant ranges from 20 to 30 years .

Need for Nuclear Deal • India's requirement for adequate and affordable energy supplies to sustain its accelerating economic growth rate • Global energy scenario and the long.term implications of increasing pressure on hydrocarbon resources and rising oil prices .

 India will get Nuclear reactor and Fuel for making power for energy. .  India will become the only one country that gets Nuclear technology without signing NPT.WHAT KIND OF TECHNOLOGY WOULD INDIA RECIEVES IN RETURN?  India would be eligible to buy nuclear technology from NSG countries (there are 45 countries in NSG).

crude oil and natural gas.S.  In the best interest of U. also expects India’s economic growth will make a counterweight to China. of which the US wants the share. expects that such a deal could spur India’s economic growth and bring in $150 bn in the next decade for the nuclear power plants.S.S. . to secure its energy needs of coal.WHAT USA GETS FROM THIS AGREEMENT?  U.  U.

UK. There are currently 189 countries signed the treaty.WHAT IS NPT?  Nuclear Non.  5 of which have nuclear weapons : the US. . France. Israel.is a treaty to limit the spread of nuclear weapons. Russia and China.  Only 4 recognized sovereign states are not parties to the treaty: India. Pakistan and North Korea.Proliferation Treaty (NPT).