DFD Examples

Creating Data Flow Diagrams
Steps: 1. Create a list of activities 2. Construct Context Level DFD (identifies external entities and processes) 3. Construct Level 0 DFD (identifies manageable sub process ) 4. Construct Level 1- n DFD (identifies actual data flows and data stores ) 5. Check against rules of DFD

DFD Naming Guidelines • External Entity  Noun • Data Flow  Names of data • Process  verb phrase – a system name – a subsystem name • Data Store  Noun .

Creating Data Flow Diagrams Lemonade Stand Example .

Creating Data Flow Diagrams Example The operations of a simple lemonade stand will be used to demonstrate the creation of dataflow diagrams. Construct Level 1. Construct Context Level DFD (identifies sources and sink) 3.n DFD (identifies actual data flows and data stores ) . Steps: 1. Create a list of activities • • Old way: no Use-Case Diagram New way: use Use-Case Diagram 2. Construct Level 0 DFD (identifies manageable sub processes ) 4.

Customer Order Serve Product Collect Payment Produce Product Store Product 1.Creating Data Flow Diagrams Example Think through the activities that take place at a lemonade stand. Create a list of activities .

Creating Data Flow Diagrams Example Also think of the additional activities needed to support the basic activities. Create a list of activities . Customer Order Serve Product Collect Payment Produce Product Store Product Order Raw Materials Pay for Raw Materials Pay for Labor 1.

Creating Data Flow Diagrams Example Group these activities in some logical fashion. possibly functional areas. Create a list of activities . Customer Order Serve Product Collect Payment Produce Product Store Product Order Raw Materials Pay for Raw Materials Pay for Labor 1.

Construct Context Level DFD (identifies sources and sink) Context Level DFD Order Sales Forecast 0.Creating Data Flow Diagrams Example Create a context level diagram identifying the sources and sinks (users).0 Lemonade Production Schedule EMPLOYEE Pay System Product Served Payment Received Goods Payment Time Worked Purchase Order VENDOR Order Raw Materials Pay for Raw Materials Pay for Labor . Customer Order Serve Product Collect Payment Produce Product Store Product CUSTOMER 2.

Customer Order Serve Product Collect Payment Produce Product Store Product VENDOR 3.0 Procurement Order Raw Materials Pay for Raw Materials Pay for Labor Order Decisions Pay Time Worked 4.0 Sale Customer Order Product Ordered Payment CUSTOMER Sales Forecast Product Served Received Goods Purchase Order Payment 2. Construct Level 0 DFD (identifies manageable sub processes ) Level 0 DFD 1.Creating Data Flow Diagrams Example Create a level 0 diagram identifying the logical subsystems that may exist.0 Payroll .0 Production Production Schedule EMPLOYEE Inventory 3.

2 Receive Payment PAYMENT 4.Creating Data Flow Diagrams Example Create a level 1 decomposing the processes in level 0 and identifying data stores. Construct Level 1.1 Record Order Request for Forecast 1. Customer Order Serve Product Collect Payment Produce Product Store Product Payment 1.n DFD (identifies actual data flows and data stores ) Level 1 DFD CUSTOMER Customer Order ORDER 1.3 Produce Sales Forecast Sales Forecast Order Raw Materials Pay for Raw Materials Pay for Labor .

3 Store Product Quantity Produced & Location Stored .2 Produce Product Quantity Used INVENTORTY Order Raw Materials Pay for Raw Materials Pay for Labor Production Data 2. Customer Order Serve Product Collect Payment Produce Product Store Product 4. Construct Level 1 (continued) Level 1 DFD Product Order ORDER 2.1 Serve Product Quantity Severed RAW MATERIALS Production Schedule 2.Creating Data Flow Diagrams Example Create a level 1 decomposing the processes in level 0 and identifying data stores.

2 Receive Items Payment Approval RECEIVED ITEMS Order Raw Materials Pay for Raw Materials Pay for Labor Payment 3.3 Pay Vendor VENDOR . Construct Level 1 (continued) Level 1 DFD Order Decision 3. Customer Order Serve Product Collect Payment Produce Product Store Product 4.1 Produce Purchase Order PURCHASE ORDER Quantity On-Hand Quantity Received RAW MATERIALS Received Goods 3.Creating Data Flow Diagrams Example Create a level 1 decomposing the processes in level 0 and identifying data stores.

Creating Data Flow Diagrams Example Create a level 1 decomposing the processes in level 0 and identifying data stores.1 Record Time Worked Level 1 DFD TIME CARDS Employee ID EMPLOYEE Payroll Request 4.2 Calculate Payroll Unpaid time cards PAYROLL Payment Approval Order Raw Materials Pay for Raw Materials Pay for Labor Payment 4. Construct Level 1 (continued) Time Worked 4. Customer Order Serve Product Collect Payment Produce Product Store Product 4.3 Pay Employe e PAYMENTS .

2 Calculate Payroll 4.3 Pay Vendor 4.2 Produce Product 2.1 Record Time Worked 4.2 Receive Payment 2.1 Record Order 1.1 Serve Product 2.3 Pay Employe e Context Level Level 0 Level 1 .0 Payroll 4.Process Decomposition 1.2 Receive Items 3.3 Store Product 0.0 Sale 1.0 Lemonade System 3.0 Procurement 3.0 Production 2.1 Produce Purchase Order 3.

• Information on labor. parts monitoring by the inventory management computer system and a performance review by the supervisor. . parts and repair outcome is used for billing by the Accounting Department. record the reason for the repair and record the total cost of all parts used on a Shop Repair Order.DFD Example: Bus Garage Repairs • Buses come to a garage for repairs. • A mechanic and helper perform the repair.

Helper. etc. cost . Accounting Department. Supervisor. Mechanic.DFD Example: Bus Garage Repairs (cont’d) • External Entities: Bus. • Key process (“the system”): performing repairs and storing information related to repairs • Processes: – – – – – Record Bus ID and reason for repair Determine parts needed Perform repair Calculate parts extended and total cost Record labor hours. Inventory Management System.

DFD Example: Bus Garage Repairs (cont’d) • Data stores: – – – – – – – – – Personnel file Repairs file Bus master list Parts list Repair order Bus record Parts record Employee timecard Invoices • Data flows: .

Bus Garage Context Diagram Bus Mechanical problem to be repaired Fixed mechanical problems Helper Labor Bus Repair Process System Labor. parts cost details Repair summary List of parts used Supervisor Labor Inventory Management System Mechanic Accounting .

CSUB Burger’s Order Processing System • Draw the CSUB Burger’s context diagram – System • Order processing system – External entities • Kitchen • Restaurant • Customer – Processes • • • • Customer order Receipt Food order Management report .

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