You are on page 1of 39

Input, Output, and Storage

Introduction
In this chapter, well discuss various input, output, and storage devices designed to meet the various needs and lifestyles of people. This chapter explores the features available in these devices.

2003 The McGraw-Hill Companies

What Peripheral Devices Suit Your Needs?

Input Devices

Output Devices

Storage Devices

2003 The McGraw-Hill Companies

5.1 Input Devices


Input device captures information and translates it into a form that can be processed and used by other parts of your computer. Keyboards Pointing devices Game controllers Scanners Styluses Microphones Digital cameras Web cams

SimNet

Concepts Support CD: Overview of Input Devices and Other Everyday Input Devices
p. 5.130 Fig. 5-1
2003 The McGraw-Hill Companies

Input Devices

The keyboard is the most common input device. Types of keyboards include:

Wireless Multimedia and one-touch access Portable keyboards for PDAs

SimNet
p. 5.131 Fig. 5-2

Concepts Support CD: Keyboards


2003 The McGraw-Hill Companies

Types of Input Devices

p. 5.131 Fig. 5-2


2003 The McGraw-Hill Companies

Pointing Devices

Pointing devices are mainly used to choose and enter commands Pointing devices tend to have PS/2 connectors or USB connectors

PS/2 connector fits into a PS/2 port, which a small round socket with small holes that fit the pins on the connector
USB connectors fit into USB ports, and these are small rectangular openings on the back or front of your computer, or even on your keyboard or monitor

SimNet
p. 5.131 Fig. 5-2

Concepts Support CD: Ports and Cables


2003 The McGraw-Hill Companies

Pointing Devices

Various pointing devices are available

Types of pointing devices:

Mouse
Mechanical Optical

mouse

mouse mouse

Wireless

Trackball Touchpad

Pointing stick

SimNet

Concepts Support CD: Mice


2003 The McGraw-Hill Companies

p. 5.132 & P. 5.133 Fig. 5-3 & Fig 5.4

Game Controller

Game controllers are used mainly to play games

Types of gaming devices


Gamepads Joysticks

Gaming wheels
Force feed

p. 5.134 Fig. 5-5


2003 The McGraw-Hill Companies

Specialized Input Devices

Other types of input devices include:

Scanners
Styluses Microphones Digital cameras Web cams

p. 5.135 Fig. 5-6


2003 The McGraw-Hill Companies

Scanner
Scanner

is a light sensitive device that helps you copy or capture images, photos, and artwork that exist on paper. Types of scanners include:
Flatbed

SimNet

Concepts Support CD: Scanners


2003 The McGraw-Hill Companies

Styluses

Stylus is an input device consisting of a thin stick that uses pressure to enter information or to click and point Styluses are used with:
PDAs
Tablet

PCs Graphics tablets

p. 5.135 Fig. 5-6


2003 The McGraw-Hill Companies

Microphones

Microphones are used to input audio Three main types of microphones are:
Desktop

microphones Headsets Directional microphones

Speech recognition is increasingly being included in application software


2003 The McGraw-Hill Companies

Digital Cameras

Digital cameras are used to:


Download images to a computer Post pictures to the Web Produce videos

Resolution is measured in megapixels Higher the resolution, better the image quality, but the more expensive the camera
Concepts Support CD: Digital Cameras
2003 The McGraw-Hill Companies

SimNet

Web Cams

Web cam is a video camera that can be used to take images for uploading to the Web

2003 The McGraw-Hill Companies

5.2 Output Devices


Output devices take information within your computer and present it to you in a form that you can understand Main output devices: Monitors Printers Speakers
SimNet

Concepts Support CD: Overview of Output Devices


2003 The McGraw-Hill Companies

Flat Panel Display Devices


Devices with flat-panel displays
Tablet PCs
PDAs Cellular phones Desktop computers

2003 The McGraw-Hill Companies

Monitors
CRTs Flat-panel displays
Gas plasma LCD (liquid crystal display)
Passive matrix Active matrix
Called TFT (thin film transistor) Separate transistor for every pixel

SimNet
p. 5.137 Fig. 5-9

Concepts Support CD: Monitors


2003 The McGraw-Hill Companies

Screen Talk
Screen size measured as a diagonal line across the screen from corner to opposite corner Resolution the number of pixels displayed on the screen (the higher the resolution, the closer together the dots) Pixels (or picture element) dots that make up the image on your screen Dot pitch is the distance between the centers of a pair of like-colored pixels Refresh rate the speed with which a monitor redraws the image of the screen, and is measured in hertz
2003 The McGraw-Hill Companies

Printers
Inkjet most popular
Makes images by forcing droplets through nozzles Top speed is 20 pages per minute

Laser
Forms images using an electrostatic process Prints between 3 and 30 pages per minute
2003 The McGraw-Hill Companies

Printers - Cont
Resolution of a printer is the number of dots per inch (dpi) it produces. Higher the resolution, better the image, and usually the more costly the printer

2003 The McGraw-Hill Companies

Printers - Cont.

Multifunction printer:

Scan, copy, fax, and print Can be either inkjet or laser

Cost less than buying individual units


Take up less desk space

SimNet

Concepts Support CD: Printers


2003 The McGraw-Hill Companies

p. 5.139 Fig. 5-11

Speakers

A speaker is a device that produces computer output as sound Speakers are common devices in computer systems Examples include:

Built-in speaker Two-device set speakers Surround sound speakers

2003 The McGraw-Hill Companies

5.3 Storage Devices


Storage device stores information to be recalled and used at a later time Storage device consists of: Storage medium Storage device Three major technology types for information storage: Magnetic Optical or laser Flash memory
Concepts Support CD: Storage Concepts
2003 The McGraw-Hill Companies

SimNet

Storage Medium Terms


Byte Kilobyte (KB) Megabytes (MB) Gigabytes (GB) Terabytes (TB) Petabyte (PB) Exabyte (EB)
= 8 bits 1 Thousand Bytes 1 Million Bytes 1 Billion Bytes 1 Trillion Bytes 1 quadrillion Bytes 1 quintillion Bytes

2003 The McGraw-Hill Companies

Magnetic and Optical Storage

p. 5.142 & 5.144 Fig. 5.13 & 5.16


2003 The McGraw-Hill Companies

Magnetic Storage Devices: Internal Magnetic Hard Disk

Magnetic storage devices can be either internal or external


Internal magnetic hard disks are fixed inside the system unit External magnetic hard disks are portable

SimNet

Concepts Support CD: Removable Disks


2003 The McGraw-Hill Companies

Magnetic Storage Devices: Internal Magnetic Hard Disk


Internal hard disk is a magnetic storage device with
One or more thin platters that store information sealed inside the disk drive. Read/write heads access the information on surface Heads read information while copying it from disk to RAM Heads write information when copying it from RAM to disk
2003 The McGraw-Hill Companies

Magnetic Storage Devices: External Magnetic Hard Disk


External hard disks are magnetic storage media which are portable storage units that you can connect to your computer as necessary
Great for backup storage devices Ability to transport your hard disk from one computer to another

2003 The McGraw-Hill Companies

Hard Drives
Long term storage system and application software Operating system and application software are copied from the hard disk to memory Capacity measured in gigabytes

2003 The McGraw-Hill Companies

Floppy Disks and Zip Disks


Removable magnetic storage media come in two basic types:
Traditional floppy disks Zip disks

These storage media are useful for:


Storing files for backup or security purposes Transferring files from one computer to another

2003 The McGraw-Hill Companies

Removable Magnetic Storage: Floppy Disk


Floppy Mylar disk
Housed inside a hard plastic casing Thin, flexible plastic disk
3.5 inch floppy disks
also called floppies, diskettes, floppy disks Holds about 1.44 megabytes of information

High-capacity disks
Zip disk

p. 5.144 Fig. 5.15


2003 The McGraw-Hill Companies

Removable Magnetic Storage: Zip Disk


High capacity plastic platter disk
Called removable hard disks Provide a higher storage capacity than Mylar disks
Example - Zip disk with capacity of 100MB, 250MB, and 750MB

2003 The McGraw-Hill Companies

Optical Storage
CDs DVDs Both are optical storage and have three formats:
Read-only Write-once Read-and-write

2003 The McGraw-Hill Companies

Optical Storage Media


Read-Only
CD-ROM DVD-ROM

Fully Read-andWrite
CD-RW DVD-RW or DVD+RW or DVD-RAM

One-Time Writable
CD-R DVD-R DVD+R

SimNet

Concepts Support CD: CDs and DVDs


2003 The McGraw-Hill Companies

Flash Memory Cards


Flash memory cards have high-capacity storage laminated inside a small piece of plastic Flash flash memory cards do not need a drive with moving parts to operate

2003 The McGraw-Hill Companies

Flash Memory Talk


CompactFlash (CF) xD-Picture Card (xD) SmartMedia (SM) Card SecureDigital (SD) card and MultiMediaCards (MMC) Memory Stick Media

2003 The McGraw-Hill Companies

Flash Memory Card Readers


Some devices have flash memory slots into which you slide your flash memory card Other devices can use an external flash memory card reader in order to transfer information A flash memory drive is a flash memory storage medium for a computer that is small enough to fit in your pocket and usually plugs directly into a USB port

2003 The McGraw-Hill Companies

Thank you
2003 The McGraw-Hill Companies