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Grids, Clouds and NGN

S. M. Sabale

Head, Computer Engg. Institute of Petrochemical Engg. (DBATU) Lonere

Introduction Grid Cloud NGN Convergence Applications Summary Bibliography

IT Evolution – Distributed Computing
High Performance Computing Cluster Computing Internet Computing Virtual Organizations Grid Computing Utility Computing Cloud Computing Next Generation Networks

Grid Computing Model
 Grid : Run a program X, using resources at site Y, using VO communication policy P, providing access to data at Z, according to policy Q.  Problem 1: X has to be able to work in heterogeneous and geographically dispersed environment.  Problem 2 (Systems problem): How to coordinate the use of resources at sites Y and Z under the various restrictions on their usage as defined by policies P and Q.

Grid Computing enables VOs to share geographically distributed resources as they purchase common goals, assuming the absence of central location/control, omniscience, and existing trust relationship

To achieve these Goals, Grid Environment must be:
• • • • • • • Large Scale Dynamic Scalable Inter-operable Extensible Secure Heterogeneous

• • • • • • Enabling Usable Manageable Federated Geographically distributed Reliable

Grid and Cloud: Concepts are Independent and complimentary Cloud characteristics:
• • • • • Flexibility Abstracted resources featuring scalability Pay as you use model Reliability Performance

Comparison between Grid and Cloud

• Latest evolution of global telecommunications networks (ETSI and ITU-T), the Next generation Networks (NGNs), is designed to support converged fixed and wireless networks carrying both voice and data traffic. • Further, it incorporates a richer set of features to provide more services to customers, and hence increased revenue opportunities for the n/w providers.

Why Telco’s are interested in IT?
 Attributes provided:
• • • • • • • • • Enterprise sales capability Lifecycle service and support Reliable operations at scale SLAs Full enterprise solutions portfolio Integrated hosting and network services Vendor independence Global Footprint Financial stability and market commitment

Convergence of NGN, Grid and Cloud
 Telco operators are more and more driving SOA implementations in order to:
• Decouple applications via middleware from IT server/storage/network resources • Flexibly compose new services using standards-based technologies and protocols • Reuse architectural components to lower costs, timeto-revenue • Rapidly manage configuration, change management and services assurance with automation.

Client Interface Security
Application Management Computing
S/W Applications Information Management


Operational Management

Virtualized Resource Services


Supplier Management
Execution Management


Offer Manageme nt

Resource Management


Fig. ETSI Conceptual Model Of a Grid And Associative Roles


Scenarios for integration of Grid with NGN
Grid-enabled NGN application NGN subsystems offering Grid and Cloud services Combining Grid and Networking resources in a new architecture Grid and Cloud technology for implementing NGN functionality

Applications Service Layer User Profiles User Equipment Transport Layer Network Attachment Subsystem

Grid AS/Grid-enabled Applications

ISC/MA Other Subsystem Core IMS Other Networks PSTN / ISDN Emulation Subsystem

Resource And Admission Control Subsystem

Transport Processing Function

Fig. Grid-enabled NGN Application

Option A Applications Grid AS/Grid-enabled Applications

Service Layer
Grid Services User Profiles
Option B

Core IMS PSTN / ISDN Emulation Subsystem

Option C Other Networks

User Equipment Transport Layer Network Attachment Subsystem

Resource And Admission Control Subsystem

Transport Processing Function Fig. NGN Subsystems Offering Grid And Cloud Services

Grid Enabled

Service Layer

User Profiles

Core IMS Other Networks
PSTN / ISDN Emulation Subsystem

User Equipment

Grid Services

Transport Layer


Resource And Admission Control Subsystem

Grid-Enabled Application Management Equipment

Grid Enabled

Transport Processing Function Fig. Grid And Cloud Technology For Implementing NGN Functionality

Implications of combining
Using NGN to deliver Grid/Cloud Services
• Grid Services requirements are (OGSA): Discovery, Metering and accounting, Monitoring, Brokering, Authentication and authorization, Advance reservation, Scheduling, Transport management, Data sharing and management, Policy

Using Grid/Cloud services to support NGN
• Grid/Cloud – SOA, NGN – functional architecture

Standards for Grid and NGN
 OGF: SOA based Web services Resource Framework (WSRF)  Distributed Management Task Force: Common Information Model and enterprise system modeling, monitoring and control  European Telecommunications Standards Institute: Thr’ TISPAN (Telecommunications & Internet converged Services & Protocols for Advanced Networking) NGN architecture and IMS (IP Multimedia Subsystem)  Internet Engg. Task Force: X.509, PKI, TLS/SSL  Organization for Advancement of Structured Information (OASIS): XML and Web services,  W3C: Original XML/web based RPC, SOAP etc  Storage Network Industry Association

• Gateway/adapter approach: short term solution, specific • Standardization: OGF group – GIN (Grid Interoperability Now)

Standardization Gaps
Gaps and overlaps are likely to be encountered in several different situations:
• Applications composing of services making use of various networks (NGN?) • Relationship between grid and underlying n/w • Diversity allowed in individual standards • Use of dynamic working • Transition to new version of specs • Lack of implementations

Classification of Gaps
 Architecture  Security  SLA and QoS  Charging  Service Discovery  High-level issues contributing to gaps- come from human processes, composition of services or architectural layers and the life-cycle of composite systems


Grid-Cloud: IT Platform for Service Science
• Service Science is proposed as an integrative discipline of engineering, technological, and social sciences (including business and law) with the purpose of creating new technology and market for providing high value service.

Modern service industries
Business processes analysis

Business processes
Business processes decomposition: service feature extraction, classification


Effective, easy to use, flexible composite service

Business and System level separation

Cloud (industry service centre)
Virtual application environment
Service composition (High level virtualization)

Service with simple business logic

Resource provision

Grid (service component)
Large-scale sharing of resource Resource provision

Low-level virtualization

Physical resource
Data resource Computing resource Software resource Network resource

: Main technology road

Fig. Technical architecture of Grid-Cloud for Service Science

• • “Grid and Cloud Computing Technology: Interoperability and Standardization for the Telecommunications Industry”; ETSI Grid Technical committee report; 2009; Thomas Rings, Geoff Caryer, Julian Gallop, Jens Grabowski, Tatiana Kovacikova, Stephan Schulz and Ian Stokes-Rees; “Grid and Cloud Computing: Opportunities for integration with the Next Generation Network”; Springer science + Business Media, Aug 2009 Tatiana Kovocikova; “Grid and Cloud Computing Integration with NGN”; 13th WSEAS International Conference on Communications Geoff Caryer, Julian Gallop, Jens Grabowski, Tatiana Kovacikova, Thomas Rings, Stephan Schulz and Ian Stokes-Rees; “Grid and Cloud Computing Interoperability, Standardization and the Next Generation Network (NGN)”; IEEE 2009 P. Huang, P. Lin and H. Peng; “Grid-Cloud: IT Platform for Service Science”; Second Intl. conference on Future Computer and Communications 2010; Volume 3-144. “Comparing Grid and Cloud Computing”; The Israeli Association of Grid Technologies (IGT);

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