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**CE 470 - Steel Design Class
**

By, Amit H. Varma

Shear Strength Beam shear strength is covered in Chapter G of the AISC specifications. Both rolled shapes and welded built-up shapes are covered. Consider the behavior of beams in shear . Rolled shapes is the focus here. commonly referred to as plate-girders are beyond the scope of our course. Built-up shapes.

Shear buckling of the web depends on its h/tw ratio. Because of this.6 Fy Aw Vn 0. Taking the shear yield stress as 60% of the tensile yield stress. yielding of the web represents one of the shear limit states. V f v n 0. .6 Fy Aw This will be the nominal strength in shear provided there is no shear buckling of the web.Shear Strength The web will completely yield long before the flanges begin to yield. If the ratio is too large. then then web can buckle in shear elastically or inelastically.

Shear Buckling kv 5 for unstiffened webs with h / t w 260 5 kv 5 for stiffened webs 2 (a / h) Shear yielding Elastic shear buckling .

Shear Design Equations .

Shear Design Equations .

Shear Design Equations .

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To facilitate the connections of beams to other beams so that the top flanges are at the same elevation. or coped. a short length of the top flange of one of the beams may be cut away. segment ABC will tend to tear out.Block Shear Failure of Beam Block shear failure was considered earlier in tension member connections. . If a coped beam is connected with bolts as shown.

Rn = 0. phi =0. the block shear strength will be a limiting value of the reaction. Thus. so shear will occur along line AB and there will be tension along BC.75 .Block shear failure of beam ends The applied load in the case of the beam will be the vertical reaction.6 Fu Anv + Ubs Fu Ant 0. Failure is assumed to occurred by rupture (fracture) on the tension area and rupture or yielding on the shear area.6 Fy Agv + Ubs Fu Ant Where.

3 in2 Anv = 0.381 in2 . The shear areas are: Agv = tw (2+3+3+3) = 0. as standard.5 (7/8)] = 2. The effective hole diameter is 3/4 + 1/8 = 7/8 in. based on block shear. that can be resisted by the beam shown below.Example Determine the maximum reaction.300 [11 -3.30 (11) = 3.25 in. Treat the bolt end distance of 1.

7 kips Factored block shear strength for design = 0.1/2 (7/8) ] = 0.300 [1.5 kips Therefore.6 Fu Anv + Fu Ant = 108.5 kips.7 kips With an upper limit of Rn = 0.Block shear example The net tension area is: Ant = 0.2348 in2 Since the block shear will occur in a coped beam with standard bolt end distance Ubs = 1. nominal block shear strength = 108.75 x 108.0.6 Fy Agv + Fu Ant = 144.7 = 81.25 . Rn = 0. .

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