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CHAPTER 11 (GROUP 6) LJA
“Time is an important aspect of job control.”
INTRODUCTION Projection of BAR CHART .
.CRITICAL PATH METHOD C Management P innovation for the M time management of construction projects.
CRITICAL PATH METHOD C P M PROJECT PLANNING SCHEDULING PHASE COMPUTATIONS .
Thus. .CRITICAL PATH METHOD Detailed planning is advised to be started immediately after having the construction contract. will come up with PROJECT PLAN.
PROJECT PLAN Estimators Field supervisors Project managers Consultant (it depends) .
which are distinct and separate from that being done by the prime contractor directly. ◦ Different categories of work as distinguished by equipment . ◦ Different categories of work as distinguished by craft or crew requirements. such as subcontract work.PROJECT PLANNING Factors to be considered in a project: ◦ Different areas of responsibility.
◦ Location of the work within the project which necessitates different times or different crews to perform. ◦ Distinct and identifiable subdivisions of structural work such as walls. timber. .PROJECT PLANNING Factors to be considered in a project: ◦ Different categories of work as distinguished by materials such as concrete. beams and columns. or steel. slabs.
◦Contractor’s breakdown for estimating purposes.PROJECT PLANNING Factors to be considered in a project: ◦Owner’s breakdown for bidding or payment purposes. .
.PROJECT PLANNING JOB LOGIC Time order of construction operations RESTRAINTS limitations that can influence or control the start of certain activities.
.PRECEDENCE NOTATION The dependence between activities are indicated by dependency or sequence lines going from one activity to another.
PRECEDENCE DIAGRAM The key to the entire control process. .
EXAMPLE 1 ACTIVIT Y JOB LOGIC NETWORK .
EXAMPLE 1 ACTIVIT JOB NETWORK .
THE NETWORK FORMAT Horizontal diagram format Vertical Diagram .
PROJECT SCHEDULING Identification of activities and sequential constraints .
2.ACTIVITY DURATIOS RULES 1. Evaluation of each activity independently. Normal level of manpower and or .
ACTIVITY DURATIOS RULES 3. . 4. 5. Normal workday or week is assumed. Use consistent time units throughout. Activity durations must be estimated without regard to any predetermined contract completion date.
.TIME CONTINGENCY MURPHY’S LAW -adding contingency allowances to the estimated duration of activities.
.TIME CONTINGENCY Some works are not shut down completely by bad weather since some parts of the project may be standstill. that can be still be proceeded.
2 .EXAMPLE NO.
EXAMPLE NO. 2 .
Calculation of activity times .NETWORK COMPUTATIONS Determine the overall project completion time.
NETWORK COMPUTATIONS 4 limiting times of each network activity ◦Early Start (ES) ◦Early Finish (EF) ◦Late Finish (LF) ◦Late Start (LS) .
Project start form left to right. .ACTIVITY START TIMES “Forward Pass” .