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Tolerancing

Part 1
Interpreting, Specifying,Manufacturing & Measuring Various Dimensional Tolerances

Specification For

Paper Sizes

Paper Sizes

Series of Sizes: Based on Width : Length = 1 : Each next smaller size has an area = Half that of previous bigger size Next smaller size produced by halving the longer dim(retaining the shorter dim as the new length)

Paper Sizes

A0 = 841 X 1189 = 1.0000 m2 A1 = 594 X 841 = 0.5000 m2

A2 = 420 X 594 = 0.2500 m2


A3 = 297 X 420 = 0.1250 m2

A4 = 210 X 297 = 0.0625 m2

Tolerancing

Tolerance = Permissible Variation

To be specified only when & where essential for functionality

Tolerancing

Cost of

Mfg

Costly Zone

Optimum Zone

Tolerance

Tolerancing

Tolerance Dimensional Dia


Length

Tolerancing

Tolerance Dimensional Form Circular


Straightness
Cylindricity

Variation of actual condition of form feature(Surface/line) from geometrically ideal position

Tolerancing

Tolerance Dimensional Form


A

Positional

Tolerancing

Tolerance Dimensional Form Positional Surface Finish

Tolerancing

Tolerance Dimensional Form Positional Surface Finish

Tolerance of Size automatically limits the tolerance of form & position!


The indication of tolerance of form & position does not necessarily imply the use of any particular method of mfg..

Tolerancing

Tolerance Dimensional Form Positional Surface Finish Waviness

Tolerancing

General Tolerances = ?

Tolerancing

General Tolerances =
Tolerances for Linear & Angular dimensions without individual Tolerance Indications Ref IS 2102(Part 1) : 1993

ISO 2768-1

: 1989

Tolerancing

Tolerance on dims. Unless otherwise specified Category 0.5 to 3 30 to 3 to 6 mm 6 to 30mm Class mm 120mm Fine Medium Coarse Extra Coarse ?

Tolerancing

Examples for

Fine
Medium

Coarse
Extra Coarse Components ?

Tolerancing

One thing at a time & that too done well is the way to happiness AKB

Tolerancing

Examples for

Fine
Medium

: Rollers for Needle bearings


:

Coarse

Extra Coarse :

Tolerancing

Examples for

Fine
Medium

: Rollers for Needle bearings


: Swiss Auto -Turned Parts

Coarse

Extra Coarse :

Tolerancing

Examples for

Fine
Medium

: Rollers for Needle bearings


: Swiss Auto -Turned Parts

Coarse

: Rivet

Extra Coarse :

Tolerancing

Examples for

Fine
Medium

: Rollers for Needle bearings


: Swiss Auto -Turned Parts

Coarse

: Rivet

Extra Coarse : Forged part

Tolerancing

Examples for

Fine
Medium

: Rollers for Needle bearings


: Swiss Auto -Turned Parts

Coarse

: Rivet

Extra Coarse : Forged part

Note: Hybrid Tolerancing not allowed!

Tolerancing

Tolerance on dims. Unless otherwise specified Category 0.5 to 3 30 to 3 to 6 mm 6 to 30mm Class mm 120mm Fine Medium Coarse Extra Coarse +/-0.05 ?

Tolerancing

Tolerance on dims. Unless otherwise specified Category 0.5 to 3 30 to 3 to 6 mm 6 to 30mm Class mm 120mm Fine Medium Coarse Extra Coarse +/-0.05 +/-0.10 ?

Tolerancing

Tolerance on dims. Unless otherwise specified Category 0.5 to 3 30 to 3 to 6 mm 6 to 30mm Class mm 120mm Fine Medium Coarse Extra Coarse +/-0.05 +/-0.10 +/-0.30 ?

Tolerancing

Tolerance on dims. Unless otherwise specified Category 0.5 to 3 30 to 3 to 6 mm 6 to 30mm Class mm 120mm Fine Medium Coarse Extra Coarse +/-0.05 +/-0.10 +/-0.30 +/-0.50

Tolerancing

Tolerance on dims. Unless otherwise specified Category 0.5 to 3 30 to 3 to 6 mm 6 to 30mm Class mm 120mm Fine Medium Coarse Extra Coarse +/-0.05 +/-0.10 +/-0.20 NA +/-0.05 +/-0.10 +/-0.30 +/-0.50 +/-0.15 +/-0.20 +/-0.50 +/-1.00 +/-0.2 +/-0.30 +/-0.80 +/-1.50

Tolerancing

Exclusive For Tool Drawings:

20,0 = 20+/-0.5

Tolerancing

Exclusive For Tool Drawings:

20,0
20,00

= 20+/-0.5
= 20+/-0.05

Tolerancing

Exclusive For Tool Drawings:

20,0
20,00

= 20+/-0.5
= 20+/-0.05

20,000

= 20+/-0.005

Tolerancing

Company Standards for general Tolerances

IS 2102 for Rubber Parts Anecdote

Tolerancing

Loose Tolerances tightly held are better than tight tolerances loosely held Centurion

Tolerancing ASSEMBLY

Interchangeable Assembly

Graded Assembly

Selective Assembly

Tolerancing

Min Bore

Tolerancing

Min Bore

Dist. Between axes = ?

Tolerancing

Min? Max?

Tol?
Combined Representation of Bore

Tolerancing SHAFT FEATURES

Tolerancing

SHAFT FEATURES

Combined

Representation

Tolerancing

Tolerancing Line of zero deviation

Basic Size

Lower Deviation

BORE FEATURES

Tolerancing

SHAFT FEATURES

Tolerancing

Lower Deviation

BORE & SHAFT FEATURES

Tolerancing

Feature Bore Deviation Upper Max Lower Min From Basic Size

Shaft Max Min

Tolerancing

Feature Bore Deviation Upper ES Lower EI * From Basic Size

Shaft es ei

Tolerancing

FEATURE BORE DEVIATION * UPPER LOWER * FROM BASIC SIZE

SHAFT

Tolerancing

EI

BORE & SHAFT FEATURES

Tolerancing

Does Tolerance have a sign?


Answer in Part 2