HVAC

Heating, Ventilating and Air conditioning

9/4/2012

Presented By: anonymous…. 1

history Heating. Objectives of HVAC System: Thermal comfort Indoor air quality 2 . and air conditioning is based on inventions and discoveries made by Nikolay  Michael Faraday Willis Carrier  Reuben Trane  Sadi Carnot and many others. ventilating.

3 . Air conditioning  Controls temperature. Ventilation. humidity and air quality inside a building  Especially important in medium to large buildings such as office/residential towers  All preferably integrated into one system  In warm climates usually no need for a heating  HVAC system design is a major sub discipline of mechanical engineering based on the principles of 1.What is HVAC?  Heating. Fluid mechanics 3. Heat transfer. Thermodynamics 2.

Such a system contains a boiler furnace or heat pump to heat water.HEATING There are many different types of standard heating systems. Solar Heating 3. Central heating is often used in cold climates to heat private houses and public buildings. Atomic Heating 4 . The use of water as the heat transfer medium is known as hydraulics. or air.  The invention of central heating is often credited to the ancient Romans who installed a system of air ducts called a hypocaust in the walls and floors of public baths and private villas  Central Heating can also be provided from 1. Electric Heating 2. steam. all in a central location such as a furnace room in a home or a mechanical room in a large building.

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W O R K I O Nf g 6 .

It is one of the most important factors for maintaining acceptable indoor air quality in buildings. 7 .VENTILATING Ventilating is the process of "changing" or replacing air in any space to control temperature or remove Moisture Odors Smoke  Heat Dust Airborne bacteria Carbon dioxide and to replenish oxygen. Ventilation includes both the exchange of air to the outside as well as circulation of air within the building.

VENTILATING METHODS Methods for ventilating a building may be divided into three types 8 .

Ceiling fans do not provide ventilation as compared to the natural ventilation 9 . Excess humidity odors.MECHANICAL VENTILATION Mechanical" or "forced" ventilation is a ventilation in which we use some mechanical systems like fan for ventilating purpose and it is used to control indoor air quality. and contaminants can often be controlled via dilution or replacement with outside air. Remember Ceiling fans and table/floor fans circulate air within a room for the purpose of reducing the perceived temperature because of evaporation of perspiration on the skin of the occupants. in humid climates much energy is required to remove excess moisture from ventilation air. However.

NATURAL VENTILATION • Natural ventilation is the ventilation of a building with outside air without the use of a fan or other mechanical system. 10 . It can be achieved with openable windows or trickle vents.

These ventilations can be used at the same time & also separately 11 .Hybrid Ventilation • Also called mixed mood ventilation used both ventilations mechanical & natural.

The conduction mediums such as water. The definition of cold is the absence of heat and all air conditioning systems work on this basic principle. and Heat cooling through a process called the refrigeration cycle. 12 . or a standalone air conditioner.AIR CONDITIONING Air conditioning and refrigeration are provided through the removal of heat. and chemicals are referred to as refrigerants. ice. Heat can be removed through the process of radiation . air. provides cooling. An air conditioning system. convection. and humidity control for all or part of a house or building. ventilation.

TYPICAL HVAC DUCTIONG DESIGN .

REFRIGERANT CYCLE The refrigerant cycle consists of four essential elements to create a cooling effect. From there it enters a heat exchanger (sometimes called a "condensing coil") where it loses energy (heat) to the outside. The system refrigerant starts its cycle in a gaseous state. heat is absorbed from indoors. A metering device allows the liquid to flow in at a low pressure at the proper rate. The liquid refrigerant is returned indoors to another heat exchanger ("evaporating coil"). In the process. and the cycle ‘repeats. and transferred outdoors. returns to the compressor. 14 . In the process the refrigerant condenses into a liquid. The compressor pumps the refrigerant gas up to a high pressure and temperature. As the liquid refrigerant evaporates it aborbs energy (heat) from the inside air. resulting in cooling of the building.

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