SEMINAR REPORT ON

Prepared By:
Prepared By :

WHAT IS A CIRCUIT BREAKER? A circuit breaker is an equipment which can  make or break a circuit either manually or automatically under normal conditions  break a circuit under abnormal conditions .

POINTS TO BE DISCUSSED:PRINCIPLE ARCS CLASSIFICATION SF6 CIRCUIT BREAKER—DETAILS CONCLUSION .

Fixed contact ARC Moving contact Fixed contact ARC IS ARC QUENCHED BY MEDIUM Moving contact OPERATING PRINCIPLE OF BREAKER IN A CIRCUIT BREAKER .

OVERVIEW OF ARCS IN BREAKERS-: During the separation of contacts. . due to large fault current and high current density at the contact region the surrounding medium ionises and thus a conducting medium is formed. This is called the ARC.

.PRINCIPLES OF ARC EXTINCTION Factors responsible for arc:- Potential difference between the contacts Ionised particles between the contacts By removing any one of these the arc can be quenched.

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CLASSIFICTION OF CIRCUIT BREAKERS OIL AIR VACCUM SF6 SF6 OIL AIR VACCUM CIRCUIT BLAST CIRCUIT CIRCUIT BREAKER CIRCUIT BREAKER BREAKER BREAKER .

High dielectric strength 2. Excellent arc quenching ability 3. Good thermal conductivity .OVERVIEW OF SF6 GAS:Electrical properties 1. Excellent thermal stability 4.

High electro-negativity . High density 6. Non-flammable 5. Non-corrosive 4. Chemically inert 2.Physical & Chemical properties 1. Non-toxic 3.

Dielectric properties of SF6 gas:DS of sf6 is 2.5 times of air DS of sf6 is 30% less than oil DS of sf6 is equal to oil at 63700 N/m2 And 15% higher at 122500 N/m2 .

Reduced size 3.Advantages of SF6 gas:1. Low maintenance . Increased safety 2. Easy installation 4.

SF6 CIRCUIT BREAKER OPERATION .

SF6 DECOMPOSITION PRODUCTS SF6 SPARK SF4 + 2F H2O M SOF2 + 2HF H2O SiO2 MFn SO2 + HF SiF4 + 2 H2O .

Amount of each decomposition product depends on :-  magnitude & duration of discharge  materials of construction of equipment  contamination levels of moisture and air inside the equipment .

SiF4 & S2F2 So suggested mix is 50/50 of sodalime & alumina. The suggested weight of absorbent is 10% of the weight of the gas .SF2)  molecular sieves( sodalime-CaO. Absorbent materials used in circuit breakers  activated alumina( effective for SOF2.NaOH)-removes stable gases such as SF4.REMOVAL OF SF6 BYPRODUCTS:Byproducts are corrosive & likely to affect the organic materials.H2S.

ADVANTAGES OF SF6 CIRCUIT BREAKERS  Very short arcing period  Can interrupt much larger currents as compared to other breakers  No risk of fire  Low maintenance. light foundation. minimum auxiliary equipments  No over voltage problem .

makes it more reliable and safer to use. .CONCLUSION Harnessing the utilities of SF6 gas in power system and power system equipments. The countless advantages this SF6 gas has to offer will take us to new heights in the prevalent orthodox power system.

NOW I WELCOME ALL QUERIES FROM MY REPORT. HOPE I SATISFIED THE CURIOSITY OF THE AUDIENCE. .THANK U ALL FOR A PATIENT HEARING.

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