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PSYCHIATRY
Unit - II
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INTRODUCTION
• Well adjusted and adopted persons in the society are said to be healthy. • Mentally healthy persons lives comfortably in the society. • Mentally healthy persons are satisfied to his achievements and to himself,
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DEFINITION

• HEALTH
A STATE OF COMPLETE PHYSICAL, MENTAL, AND SOCIAL WELLBEING AND NOT MERELY THE ABSENCE OF DISEASE OR INFIRMITY. (WHO)
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DUNN (1961)
• Peoples health or illness changes according to their inner and outer circumstances. • Inner Circumstances = Human biology (Genetic, sex, colour, physique, health status) * Outer Circumstances = Environmental.
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MENTAL HEALTH

Body, Mind, Spirit Mental Health requires a balance between Environment, Body, Mind and Spirit.
Environment
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Mental HealtH cont…
• Mental health is an ability of a person to cope with the problems, difficulties successfully and adjust to life situations accordingly. • Emotional maturity of a person contributes to mental health. • Mental health of a person is strengthened each time after the Free Powerpoint Templates problem. Page 7

Mental Health Definition
• Mental health is a state of emotional, psychological, and social wellness evidenced by satisfying interpersonal relationships, effective behavior and coping, a positive self-concept, and emotional stability
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COMPONENTS OF MENTAL HEALTH
• • • • • • • Autonomy and Independence Maximizing one’s Potential Tolerating Life’s Uncertainties Self Esteem Mastering the Environment Reality Orientation Stress Management
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MENTAL ILLNESS
• Historically, mental illness has been viewed as possession by demons, punishment for religious or social transgressions, weakness of will or spirit and violations of social norms.

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Mental Illness
♣ Persecuted ♣ Punished ♣ Shunned ♣ Ridiculed ♣ Locked away from Until 19th century, persons with mental illness were deemed incurable.
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CHARACTERISTICS OF MENTALLY HEALTHY PERSONS
• They feel good about themselves: 1.They are not overwhelmed by their own emotions fears, anger, love, jealousy, guilt or worries. 2.They can take life’s disappointments in their stride. 3.They have a tolerant, easy-going attitude towards themselves as well as others and they can laugh at themselves. 4.They neither underestimate nor overestimate their abilities. 5.They can accept their own shortcomings. 6.They have self-respect. 7.They feel able to deal with most situations. 8.They can take pleasure in simple, everyday things.
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CHARACTERISTICS OF MENTALLY HEALTHY PERSONS
• They feel comfortable with other people:
9. They are able to give love and consider the interests of others. 10. They have personal relationships that are satisfying and lasting. 11. They like and trust others, and feel that others will like and trust them.

12. They respect the many differences they find in people.
13. They do not take advantage of others nor allow others to take advantage of them. 14. They feel they can be part of a group. 15. They feel a sense of responsibility to fellow human beings.

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CHARACTERISTICS OF MENTALLY HEALTHY PERSONS
They are able to meet the demands of life: 16.They do something about their problems as they arise. 17.They accept their responsibilities. 18.They shape their environment whenever possible; they adjust to it whenever necessary. 19.They try to plan ahead and do not fear the future. 20.They welcome new experiences and new ideas. 21.They use their talents. 22.They set realistic goals for themselves. 23.They are able to make their own decisions. 24.They put their best effort into what they do, and get satisfaction from doing it.
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