Plastics Processing: Extrusion

bottle is removed .similar to glass blow-molding (d) Hot air blows the glass out towards the mold surface (e) Mold comes apart.25) 3-piece mold heated glass (b) The mold is put together (c) Plunger and hot air push the glass up .Plastics Processing: Blow molding (a) The hollow piece of heated glass (parison) is first created by a blow mold (see text-book Fig 17.

Plastics Processing: Thermoforming Sheet of plastic  Heated (soft)  Molded using a shaped die .

Vacuum thermoforming .

Plastics Processing: Injection Molding .Probably the most common. most economical process . most important.

offshoresolutions.com.Plastics Processing: Injection Molding Cycle of operation for injection molding AVI [source: ylmf.hk] [source: www.com] .

vents. cooling system . runners. ejection pins.Injection Molding: geometry of the mold Basic components: mold pieces (define the geometry of the part). gates. AND sprue.

Injection Molding: 2-piece and 3-piece molds .

Injection Molding: molds with moving cores and side-action cams .If the geometry of the part has undercuts [definition ?] .

runners: flow of plastic into the cavity 7. parting planes  by extending the parting line outwards 4. sprue located: 8.alignment rods: to keep all mold components aligned .Injection Molding: designing injection molds 1. functional parts of the mold . molding directions  number of inserts/cams required. parting lines 3. if any 2.systems to eject the solidified runners . gating design  where to locate the gate(s) ? 5.ejection system: to eject the molded part . multiple cavity mold  fix relative positions of the multiple parts 6.

parting lines 3. functional parts of the mold . sprue located: 8. gating design  where to locate the gate(s) ? cup 5. molding directions  number of inserts/cams required.systems to eject the solidified runners .Injection Molding: designing injection molds 1.ejection system: to eject the molded part parting plane parting line gate . multiple cavity mold  fix relative positions of the multiple parts 6. runners: flow of plastic into the cavity 7. if any 2.alignment rods: to keep all mold components aligned nozzle knob cavity part cavity ejection plate cavity runner cavity core (a) core (b) core (c) core (d) . parting planes  by extending the parting line outwards 4.

Prof T. Gutosky.Designing injection molds: mold in action Nozzle Nozzle Runner Cavity Runner Part Cavity Cavity Knob Part Part Stripper plate [source: Lec notes. MIT] .

Designing injection molds: typical features [source: www.idsa-mp.org] .

Designing injection molds: typical features (a) Shut-off hole: no side action required (b) Latch: no side action required (c) Angled Latch: Side action cam required .

Considerations in design of injection molded parts Guideline (2) avoid thick cross-sections [source: GE plastics: Injection Molding Design Guidelines] .

idsa-mp.org/proc/plastic/injection/injection_design_7.Considerations in design of injection molded parts Guideline (3) gate location determines weld lines weld lines * Source: http://www.htm .

Raw materials in the form if thermoplastic pallets. placed into a hopper and fed into extruder barrel. The barrel is equipped with a screw that blends the pallets and conveys them down the barrel Heaters around the extruder’s barrels heats the pellets and liquefies them Screw has 3-sections Feed section Melt or transition section Pumping section.granules.or powder. .

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