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Visible Thinking

Visible thinking links two fundamental elements which are students thinking with content learning that means that the main purpose of Visible Thinking is to cultivate the thinking ability, curiosity, and creativity of our students by following classroom routines and so develop the academic content presented in the lesson plan. In other word the purpose of visible thinking is to alert students and make them think about the matter they are studying trough different routines to accomplish the objectives presented by the teacher.

Visible Thinking is a flexible and systematic research-based approach

The fundamental goals of visible thinking is to help students to think about the subject matters by using their creativity, curiosity and disposition to solve problems but generating, at the same time, intellectual capacity. Here are some of its key goals: Deeperunderstanding of content Greatermotivationforlearning Development of learners' thinking and learningabilities. Development of learners' attitudestowardthinking and learning and theiralertnesstoopportunitiesforthinking and learning (the "dispositional" side of thinking). A shift in classroom culture toward a community of enthusiasticallyengagedthinkers and learners.

Making Thinking Visible

Core routines Creativity routines Fairness routines Truth routines Understanding routines

The visible thinking routines

A routine for exploring diverse perspectives. Purpose: What kind of thinking does this routine encourage? This routine helps students consider different and diverse perspectives involved in and around a topic. Understanding that people may think and feel differently about things is a key aspect of the Fairness Ideal. When and where can it be used? This routine can be used at the beginning of a unit of study to help students brainstorm new perspectives about a topic, and imagine different characters, themes and questions connected to it. It can be used after reading a book or chapter. Provocative topics and issues are encouraged and the routine also works especially well when students are having a hard time seeing other perspectives or when things seem black and white. The routine can be used to open discussions about dilemmas and other controversial issues.

Core routines

A routine for looking at parts, purposes and audiences What kind of thinking does this routine encourage? An important part of creativity is recognizing how creative things around us are. This is often inspiring. Because we are to used to things, we do not appreciate their creativity. It is also often practical: we see better the limitations of things and how they might be improved. It's also a good way of understanding things better, by looking into what they are for, how they work, and who their audiences are. Thus, this creativity routine has an "understanding bonus. Application: When and where can it be used? This routine makes thinking visible by helping students to find the creative thinking ordinary things -- doorknobs, pencils, newspapers, toys. It can also be applied to more things and more abstract things, like forms of government or hospitals or schools. helps students to appreciate creativity and be more alert to creative opportunities. The creativity hunt is a good way to awaken students to the creativity in ordinary objects around them. You can use it on everyday classroom objects, like a blackboard, a ballpoint pen, a paintbrush, an article of clothing.You don't have to stick to concrete physical objects. You can use it on more abstract things, like the 24- hour day, or recess, or a sport or game.

Creativity routines

A routine for exploring diverse perspectives Launch: What are some tips for starting and using this routine? After identifying a topic, ask students to brainstorm various viewpoints about this topic. This can be done solo, or as a class, but make sure to give the initial brainstorm enough time for students to really stretch and explore diverse ideas. If students need help thinking of different viewpoints, try using the following prompts: How does it look from different points in space and different points in time? Who (and what) is affected by it? Who is involved? Who might care?

Fairness routines

CLAIM / SUPPORT / QUESTION A reasoning routine Purpose: What kind of thinking does this routine encourage? The routine helps students develop thoughtful interpretations by encouraging them to reason with evidence. Students learn to identify truth claims and explore strategies for uncovering truth. Application: When and where can I use it? Use Claim Support Question with topics in the curriculum that invite explanation or are open to interpretation. Launch: What are some tips for starting and using this routine? The routine can work well for individuals, in small groups and for whole group discussions. Begin by modeling the routine: Identify a claim and explore support and questions in a whole group discussion. On the board make one column for SUPPORT and one column for QUESTIONS. Ask the class for evidence that either supports a claim, or questions the claim and write it in the appropriate column. Take turns using the routine so that each student makes a claim, identifies support and asks a question.

Truth routines

CONNECT / EXTEND / CHALLENGE A routine for connecting new ideas to prior knowledge. Purpose: What kind of thinking does this routine encourage? The routine helps students make connections between new ideas and prior knowledge. It also encourages them to take stock of ongoing questions, puzzles and difficulties as they reflect on what they are learning. Application: When and where can it be used? The natural place to use the Connect-Extend-Challenge routine is after students have learned something new. It doesnt matter how much they have learned it can be a lessons worth, or a units worth. The routine is broadly applicable: Use it after students have explored a work of art, or anything else in the curriculum. Try it as a reflection during a lesson, after a longer project, or when completing a unit of study. Try using it after another routine!

Understanding routines