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WEEK 5 & 6

TEACHING OF PARTS OF SPEECH

Nouns Function : as subjects, direct objects, indirect objects, objects of prepositions and subject complements. Types: common, proper, collective, countable, uncountable, concrete, abstract.
Articles and determiners Function: Determiners are words placed in front of a noun (countable or uncountable) to show quantity. (eg: this, that, these, those - demonstrative) Types: demonstratives, quantifiers, numbers, distributives etc.

Function: Articles are placed before nouns or adjectives to show quantity. Articles are classes of determiners. Types: Definite article - the Indefinite articles - a, an

Pronouns Function: in place of a noun Types: personal, possessive, reflexive, relative, indefinite Verbs Function: to describe an action or non-action Types: action and non-action verbs. Adverbs Function: to tell us more about verbs, adjectives or other adverbs. Types: adverb of manner, place, time, degree, frequency Adjectives Function: words to describe nouns. Types: opinion, shape, age, colour, origin, material, purpose

Sample lesson plan: Grammar Item - Adjectives


Syllabus Grammar Item Duration : KBSR Year 2 (LO - Acquire a wide range of vocabulary) : Adjectives : 40 minutes

1.0 Goal: Students will increase their understanding in using adjectives.


2.0 Objectives: 2.1 Terminal Objective: Students will be able to use adjectives correctly in sentences. 2.2 Enabling Objectives: i. Students will read and identify descriptive words in a short story entitled My Hobby. (*3.6.2) ii. Students will underline hidden adjectives in sentences. (*3.6.1) iii. Students will write using correct adjectives to describe people, places and things. 3.0 Teaching Materials
Worksheet: Find the hidden adjectives. A short story - My hobby

4.0 Procedures
4.1 Set Induction (warm - up) (5 mins)
4.1.1 Teacher asks a student to describe one of his/her friends who is in the same class. 4.1.2 Teacher asks other students to guess who is the person after they have listened to the description given. 4.1.3 Teacher repeats the activity with another 2 more students.

4. 2 Adjectives in short story. (15 mins)


4.2.1 Teacher distributes a short story to each student. 4.2.2 Teacher asks students to underline all the descriptive words in the story. 4.2.3 Teacher asks students to say aloud words that they have underlined and write them on the board. 4.2.4 Teacher explains descriptive words are also called adjectives. 4.2.5 Teacher asks students to group the descriptive words that they have identified into different categories i.e. opinions, shapes, age, colour, origin or material. 4.2.6 Teacher explains the function of adjectives (i.e. to describe opinion, shape, age etc.)

4.3 Class Exercise (15 mins) 4.3.1 Teacher distributes class worksheets. 4.3.2 Teacher asks students to read the instruction and carry out the task. Teacher goes round to make sure that everyone is doing the task. 4.3.3 Teacher asks students to give the answers to the exercises given. Teacher discusses the answers. 4.4 Extra-Classwork Assignment 4.4.1 Teacher asks students to write 5 short sentences describing their family members, their interests or their favourite places. 4.4 Closure (5 mins) 4.4.1 Teacher highlights that adjectives are words used to describe nouns and pronouns.

5.0 Evaluation The terminal objective is evaluated as the students give answers to the exercises given. Enabling objective (i) will be evaluated when the students read and underline adjectives in the short story given. Enabling objective (ii) will be evaluated when the students identified hidden adjectives in the sentences. Enabling objective (iii) will be evaluated when the students submit their writing assignments.

Task: Read the story carefully. Underline all the descriptive words in the story. My Hobby My name is Julia Razman. I am 8 years old. I am a tall girl with fair complexion. I have long hair and small eyes. I live in Taman Kiara, Selangor. I am the eldest of three siblings. I am an adventurous kid. I love to take part in activities such as rock climbing and camping. My friends say that I like dangerous activities. My hobby is reading. I like reading comics. There are many fun and interesting comics in the bookstore. Comics sometimes have colorful pictures too. I prefer to read action-packed comics such as Captain America and The Mask. These are English comics. I normally buy my comics at the MPH bookstore. It is located at Sunway Pyramid. The shop is big and beautiful. It has many comfortable places to sit and read. I can spend long hours reading there. The shop is a busy place during weekends. My loving mother always encourages me to read. She herself is an avid reader. She is a very supportive person. However, she will normally check first the types of comics that I read. She allows me to read only those books which are appropriate for my age. My mother is also a strict woman. She imposes tight rules in the house.

I hope to be a good writer one day. I love to write stories and share them with my beloved friends. My friends are all young readers like me. They just love to read my short stories.

Teaching Materials: Short Story Task: Read the story carefully. Underline all the descriptive words in the story. My Hobby My name is Julia Razman. I am 9 years old. I am a tall girl with fair complexion. I have long hair and small eyes. I live in Taman Kiara, Selangor. I am the eldest of three siblings. I am an adventurous kid. I love to take part in activities such as rock climbing and camping. My friends say that I like dangerous activities. My hobby is reading. I like reading comics. There are many fun and interesting comics in the bookstore. Comics sometimes have colorful pictures too. I prefer to read actionpacked comics such as Captain America and The Mask. These are English comics.

I normally buy my comics at the MPH bookstore. It is located at Sunway Pyramid. The shop is big and beautiful. It has many comfortable places to sit and read. I can spend long hours reading there. The shop is a busy place during weekends.
My loving mother always encourages me to read. She herself is an avid reader. She is a very supportive person. However, she will normally check first the types of comics that I read. She allows me to read only those books which are appropriate for my age. My mother is also a strict woman. She imposes tight rules in the house. I hope to be a good writer one day. I love to write stories and share them with my beloved friends. My friends are all young readers like me. They just love to read my short stories.

Teacher draws the following table for students to fill in: (Teacher then explains the APShACOM rule)
OPINION SHAPE AGE COLOUR ORIGIN MATERIAL

tall

small

eldest

English

long

young

adventurous

fun

interesting

Class Worksheet : Find and underline the adjectives in the sentences below.
1.
2. 3.

4. 5.

6.

The market is a very grebusyfer place. Your hair is claglong. Please cut it. Rahim is a kluyoungblish boy. He is eight years old. This blouse is too smallinged. I cannot fit in it. She uses many colours in her painting. The painting is very pulcolourfuler. I love futsal. It is a istafunde game.

Assignment 1: (10%)
1. Refer to the syllabus from the following website: http://www.scribd.com/doc/6050423/HURAIAN -SUKATAN-PELAJARAN-BAHASAINGGERIS-TAHUN-2 2. Prepare a lesson plan on the grammar items covered in Week 5 & Week 6. 3. Deadline : 19th August 2011 before 4.00 p.m.