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Electromagnetic Forces and Motor Applications Simple Electric Motor---Build-It

A. Nagy General Atomics Fusion Education Group 2012 Pictures in collaboration with R. Lee Motor Design Concept---Beakman, Internet Web Site

Lab Safety Review
• • • • Wires have sharp ends Magnets are very strong Batteries contain charge that can heat wires Magnets can overheat batteries if placed on battery ends • Do not breathe or blow dust from sanding. • Rubber bands can break and snap • Disconnect batteries when not in use!!!!!
Covering one end will prevent a mishap.

Moving Electrical Charge (Electrons) Creates a Magnetic Field

FBI Rule---Force on Moving Charge
Electrical Current orce Arrows stand for vector meaning there is a directions associated with the quantity

Magnet Field

Increase the Magnetic Field (B) Strength---The Force increases Increase the Current (I= Intensity) ---The Force increases

Direct Current* (DC) Electric Motor In Action

*Direct Current -----means electron flow in only one direction

Building a Simple Demonstration Motor (Beakman Motor)

Beakman Motor Parts
Polyester coated wire for armature Battery for DC Electricity 1.5 Volts @ ~1 amp

Paper Clips for armature brushes

Winding Form

Neodymium Iron Boron (NIB) Magnet—strongest magnets invented

Winding Details
Sand all round Step 1 Wind the Coil---10 Turns around form leave 2” sticking out Sand half round

Step 3 Sand off insulation from coil to tail end

Step 2 Wrap tail ends around coil so they stick out each side

Step 4 Bend paper clips to make a loop on one end and extend the other ends then rubber band to battery

What Have We Learned?
• Moving charge (electrons) produces a magnetic field

Right hand rule for magnetic field produced by moving charge
• Thumb in direction of electric current positive to negative • Fingers are aligned with magnetic field lines, with south pole at finger tips, so that fingers point from north pole to south pole.

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N S +

Right hand rule for force on charge moving through a magnetic field

Motor turning force increases when either the current (electrons/sec) or magnetic field (Flux Lines/area) increases

• Higher input power = Higher output power
– Power is energy per time

• Higher input energy = Higher output energy • For a motor:
– More current in winding=more motor turning force – Higher magnetic field= more motor turning force

Who is Beakman?
• Young student who invented the motor used in this lab and posted on web. • Maybe you will post your contribution to electromagnetic force applications next!