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You are probably most familiar with the velocity changes of a moving bus or car. The rate at which velocity (speed or direction) changes occur is called acceleration. .Change in Velocity    Each time you take a step you are changing the velocity of your body.

Acceleration= final velocity.starting velocity time Change in velocity = final velocity – starting velocity Acceleration= change in velocity time .

Velocity(original) time = = 90 mph .A car traveling at 60 mph accelerates to 90 mph in 3 seconds.60 mph 3 seconds 30 mph 3 seconds = 10 mph/second . What is the car’s acceleration? Acceleration = Velocity(final) .

Positive acceleration Negative acceleration .

60 mph 6 seconds = .A car traveling at 60 mph slams on the breaks to avoid hitting a deer. What is the car’s acceleration? Acceleration = Velocity(final) .60 mph 6 seconds .10 miles per hour per second .Velocity(original) time = = 0 mph . The car comes to a safe stop 6 seconds after applying the breaks.

A constant acceleration produces a straight line or linear slope (rise/run).The slope of a nonlinear velocity-time graph (rise/run) will predict an objects instantaneous acceleration. .. a = v/t .

The acceleration caused by gravity is 10 m/s2 If there was no air.Free fall        The constant acceleration of an object moving only under the force of gravity is "g". all objects would fall at the same speed Doesn’t depend on mass After 1 second falling at 10 m/s After 2 seconds 20 m/s 3 seconds 30 m/s .

Galileo  1600’s  Studied how things fell  Didn’t have a good clock  Rolled balls down an inclined plane  Found that the speed increased as it rolled down the ramp .

Galileo Acceleration= change in velocity time t=0 t = 1 second t = 2 seconds t = 3 seconds .

Galileo Same things happen when things fall  Didn’t drop things from Tower of Pisa .

A final velocity can be calculated over a vertical displacement “dy" during free fall using the equation: 2 v final = 2gdy .

 The vertical displacement “dy" that occurs during a specific time of free fall can be determined using the equation: dy = 1/2  2 gt Or a time interval can also be determined over a specified distance of freefall using the equation: 2= t 2dy /g .

Falling Air resistance will increase as it falls faster  An upward force on the object  Eventually gravity will balance with air resistance  Reaches terminal velocity .  .highest speed reached by a falling object.

no acceleration constant velocity terminal velocity  .Terminal velocity  Force of gravity is constant air resistance increases as you speed up  until the force is equal   Equal forces.