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Education in India

One step forward or two steps backwards

A Presentation by Nikhil


Higher Education in India A Presentation by Noorul Huda 2 .

India is still working mechanisms to evaluate the quality of courses delivered at higher education institutions.Snapshot • The University Grants Commission (UGC) was set-up in 1953 to regulate and oversee the development of higher education in India.” World Bank Report 3 A Presentation by Noorul Huda . • Compared to international standards.. the commission is still in the early stages of quality control for education. • With a legacy of over five decades. “ “India possesses a highly developed higher education system which offers facility of education and training in almost all aspects of human creative and intellectual endeavors ..

A Presentation by Noorul Huda 4 . the UGC supports about 125 state universities (out of 260) and about 7000 colleges (out of about 20000). mainly because they have deficient infrastructure. • Remaining universities and colleges are left out from the scope of UGC development grants.Overview of Indian Higher Education • At present. • But these universities and colleges do not have to be in the left-out category for ever.

the UGC has now made accreditation compulsory for all institutions of higher education which marks a step forward.Where do we stand today? • The assessment by National Assessment and Accreditation Council (NAAC) was until now voluntary which reflects the nonimportance of quality in education. A Presentation by Noorul Huda 5 . • However.

Quality Assessment Cell • The UGC has also developed a scheme under which all universities are now required to set up an in-house Quality Assessment Cell. the proposed Quality Assessment Cell will prepare annually a report on the quality status of the university or the institution and monitor its progress. • Among other functions. A Presentation by Noorul Huda 6 .

Pressure on universities • At present. 114 state universities are affiliating universities. Some of them have 600 to 800 colleges and some have affiliated colleges located at a distance of 150 kilometers or more. A Presentation by Noorul Huda 7 . • They have a number of colleges affiliated to them. • This system put a heavy burden on the affiliating universities.

Other issues facing Indian Education • One of the important issues that higher education system currently faces relates to the availability of capable teachers in universities and colleges. A Presentation by Noorul Huda 8 . leading to a situation where demand far exceeds the existing capacity in universities and colleges. • There has been a tremendous increase in the demand for higher education.

• 68 percent of the universities and 91 percent of the colleges are rated average or below average in terms of quality parameters specified by the NAAC.Other issues facing Indian Education • A large number of colleges are precluded for UGC development grant. as they are unable to meet the minimum eligibility criteria laid down by the UGC . A Presentation by Noorul Huda 9 .a minimum critical level of quality in terms of physical and academic infrastructure.

• Leaving behind the IIT’s and IIM’s.Summary • The scope for improvement in terms of quality and excellence is apparent even after 64 years of independence. A Presentation by Noorul Huda 10 . UK. USA and Canada continue to lure some of the world’s best students as India grapples with fundamental issues. • Without quality. the Indian Universities have failed to leave a mark globally. the students churned-out from the education mills are a par-below excellence in the international job market.

University Grants Commission.Strategies and Schemes during Eleventh Plan Period (2007-2012) for Universities and Colleges – A report by Sukhadeo Thorat. Chairman. Issue 2.Bibliography • Higher Education in India . 1st January. 17 May 2011 – The Observatory on Borderless Higher Education • A Presentation by Noorul Huda 11 . 201 Borderless Report.

The End A Presentation by Noorul Huda 12 .