Airport Operations

• Airport
o o o o

Overview

Layout Lighting Markings Communications

• Traffic Pattern • Approach Slope Indicators • Wind Factors
o Taxiing o Wingtip Vortices

Airport Signs

More Signs

Runways

Runways are named by their orientation relative to Magnetic North Think of a circle divided into 3600
360

270

090

180

Runways
 

Round the heading to the nearest 10 degrees Eliminate the last zero (and the first zero if heading is between 010 and 090)
18

9

27

36

Runway Numbers
• These will change as magnetic north moves around. • ALWAYS check runway numbers with current AFDs. • Be sure to have a plan to align with the correct runway. • Do a proper airport entry!

Runway Markings

taxiways

Taxiing at new airports
• Progressive Taxi • Use airport diagrams ahead of time to learn the airport layout. • Keep your head up and eyes open…..Lookout for traffic at all times, this includes lawnmowers, snowplows, motorcycles…..

Airport Beacons
• A small star on the sectional indicates a rotating beacon. • Civilian land airports – white/green • Military Airports - green/white/white • Heliports - green/yellow/white • Water Airports – yellow/white

Airport Lighting Control
• Airports with operating control towers
o Tower controller can change the setting

• Non-towered airports
o Pilot-controlled lighting

Airport Arrival
• Always over-fly the field to observe winds, traffic, pattern direction, or any problems with the airport. • Enter on a 45 angle to the downwind at TPA. • Use the CTAF to alert traffic of your position.

Non-Towered Communications
• CTAF – Common Traffic Advisory Frequency • Many airports share the same frequency • For clarification, always say the name of the airport at the beginning and at the end of each transmission

Towered Communication
• Outbound
o o o o Clearance Delivery Ground Control Tower Control Departure Control

• Inbound
o Approach Control o Tower Control o Ground Control

Words to Use
• Standard Phraseology (Pilot/Controller Glossary) • Phonetic Alphabet

Visual Approach Slope Indicators
• Visual reference to establish appropriate glide path on landing. • Not on all runways. • Do not become dependent.

2-Bar VASI

Airport Operations: No Doctor Needed

Approach Slope Indicator

Tri-Color VASI

Pulsating VASI

Airport Operations: No Doctor Needed

Airport Operations: No Doctor Needed

Wake Turbulence AKA Wing Tip Vortices
• Anytime an airplane that is bigger than you, which basically means any airplane, you need to watch out. • It can flip a plane over low to the ground making recovery impossible. • Stay as far away from big airplanes as you can.

Airport Operations: No Doctor Needed

Airport Operations: No Doctor Needed

Airport Operations: No Doctor Needed

Airport Operations: No Doctor Needed

Airport Operations: No Doctor Needed

Airport Operations: No Doctor Needed

Airport Operations: No Doctor Needed

Airport Operations: No Doctor Needed