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# 4.

2 UNDERSTANDING SP ECIFIC HEAT CAPACITY

LEARNING OUTCOMES
• A student is able to:
• Define specific heat capacity • State that c= Q/ mθ • Determine the specific heat capacity of a liquid • Determine the specific heat capacity of a solid • Describe applications of specific heat capacity • Solve problems involving specific heat capacity

INDUCTION SET .

• Water in the swimming pool and in the pail have different HEAT CAPACITIES .

• Equal masses and flame • Temperature of one will increase faster than other • Water and oil have different SPECIFIC HEAT CAPACITIES .

Heat capacity (muatan haba) The amount of heat required to increase its temperature by 1ºC .

INDUCTION SET .

c (Muatan haba tentu) The amount of heat that must be supplied to increase the temperature by 1 °C for a mass of 1 kg of the substance .Specific Heat Capacity.

c = Q__ mθ SI unit: = J kg-1°C-1 or J kg-1K-1 Q = heat absorbed / released (J) m = mass of the substance (kg) θ = temperature difference (°C) .Specific heat capacity.

What does specific heat of aluminum 900 J kg-1°C-1 mean? 900 J of heat needs to be supplied to 1 kg of aluminum to produce a 1°C temperature increase .

What does specific heat of water 4 200 J kg-1°C-1 mean? 4 200 J of heat needs to be supplied to 1 kg of water to produce a 1 °C temperature increase .

5 kg of water from 30 C to its boiling point? The specific heat capacity of water is 4200 J kg-1 °C-1 441 000 J .How much heat energy is required to raise the temperature of 1.

c • 2 objects of equal mass are heated at equal rates: Temperature of object (smaller c) will have a faster temperature • 2 objects of equal mass are left to cool down Temperature of object (smaller c) will drop faster. .The physical meaning of specific heat capacity.

A substance with a small value of c 1. Sensitive to temperature changes  A thermometer has low c . Heats up and cools at a faster rate  Metal (iron. steel and copper ) used as pots and pans  Quickly heated 2.

Heats up and cools at slower rate.  Require more heat to raise its temperature  Poor conductor of heat – handle of pot 2.A substance with a high value of c 1. Absorb a great amount of heat without a high increase in temperature. .

. It lose heat easily. It does not lose heat easily.Material has a high c It takes a longer time to be heated. A good heat conductor. Material has a low c It becomes hot very quickly. A heat insulator.

Conversion of energy (a) Electrical energy from heater transformed into heat energy. Pt = m c θ . P = IV (b) Potential energy of a falling object transformed into heat energy. mgh = m c θ (c) Kinetic energy of a moving object is transformed into heat energy when it is stop due to friction. ½ mv = m c θ .

Applications of c 1.pot is stable and not topple over easily .Cooking pot a)Copper base • Low c .becomes hot quickly • High density.

b) Wooden handle • Large c .the handle not too hot • Poor conductor of heat c) Alumni body • Low c • Low density – lighter • Do not react with the food .

. Heat produced by the engine is absorbed by the water that flows along the space in engine walls.2. • The hot water flows to the radiator where heat is lost to the cooler air that flows through the cooling fans. A water pump circulates the water. The cooling system of a car engine (m/s 114) • • • • Water has a high c and lower cost. Useful as a cooling agent.

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EXERCISES .

The specific heat capacity of water is 4200 J kg-1 ° C -1. Calculate the temperature rise of the water. A 700 W electric heater is used to heat 2 kg of water for 10 minutes.2. 50 ° C .

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A bullet traveling at 60 m s hit a sand bag.5 C. 400 J kg-1 ° C -1 . The temperature of the bullet rises by 4. Calculate the specific heat capacity of the bullet.6.

7.5 ° C . The specific heat capacity of copper is 400 J kg-1 ° C -1. 0. A copper block weighing 2 kg is dropped from a height of 20 m. What is the rise in temperature of the copper block after it hits the floor.

50 ° C . 100 g of hot water at 90 ° C is mixed with 200 g of cold water at 30 ° C. calculate the final temperature of the mixture. Assuming that no heat is lost.8.