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PRELIMINARY DESIGN OF 25,000 TONNES (APPROXIMATE) DEADWEIGHT GENERAL CARGO/CONTAINER VESSEL OF SERVICE SPEED 16.

0 KNOTS
PRESENTED By Ramakrishna. B M.tech NAVAL ARCHITECTURE DEPARTMENT OF MARINE ENGINEERING

ANDHRA UNIVERSITY
Under the esteemed guidance of Mr. Cdr . V.V.RAO

OBJECTIVES
Owners requirements or Mission requirements Proportions and preliminary powering Hull form, hydrostatics Free board estimation Structure, scantlings Powering Weight estimation, capacities

OWNERS REQUIREMENTS

Type of vessel : General cargo/container vessel Speed : 16 knots DWT : 25000 tonnes Number of days travel : 60days Route : with in coastal waters

Proportions and preliminary powering


Basic design of General Cargo/container vessel Parent ship analysis Finalization of main dimensions Preliminary general arrangement plan

Basic design of General Cargo /Container vessel


Introduction:

The general cargo ship is the most primitive type of ship and it is designated so because of its ability to carry packaged items like chemicals, foods, furniture, machinery, motor vehicles, footwear, garments, etc. The general cargo ship design to capable of carrying all of its cargo in unitized containers is designated as the full container ship. Standard types of containers 20ft,40ft in length 8ft x 8ft Basic Design of the Ship The main dimensions of the ship influence many of the ships characteristics such as stability, hold capacity, power requirements and its economic efficiency.

Basic design of General Cargo /Container vessel

The economic factor is of prime importance in designing a ship. An owner requires a ship, which will give him the best possible returns for his initial investment and running costs. Basic design includes selection of ship dimensions, hull form, amount of power and type of engine, preliminary arrangement of hull and machinery, and major structural arrangement.

PARENT SHIP ANALYSIS


SHIPS OF SPEED AROUND 16 KNOTS AT VARYING DWT (23000 26000 TONNES) DWT Speed Breadth(m LBP(m) Depth(m) Draft(m) TEU Power(KW) (tonnes) (knots) ) 26763 26230 25938 25082 24938 24815 24500 24274 23618 23443 20.80 15.00 18.50 16.50 18.50 15.00 16.00 15.50 16.00 14.50 195.10 158.00 166.95 160.03 175.00 168.00 181.62 167.42 167.67 155.45 26.50 27.60 27.50 25.40 27.30 22.86 22.90 22.85 23.36 22.86 16.30 13.42 14.30 15.52 16.26 14.30 14.18 14.00 14.23 14.18 10.50 9.68 10.50 9.96 10.08 10.35 10.20 10.48 10.40 10.10 1063 1022 1799 1229 914 626 598 750 434 707 17212 7503 10000 6804 11180 7282 7003 8238 9195 5737

Finalization of main dimensions


LENGTH BETWEEN PERPENDUICULARS (L.B.P) = MOULDED BREADTH (B) = MOULDED DEPTH (D) = MOULDED DRAFT (d) = SPEED = DISPALCEMENT AT MOULDED DRAFT ()(tones) = VOLUME OF DISPLACEMENT AT MOULDED DRAFT () = BLOCK COEFFICIENT OF FINENESS (CB) = MIDSHIP SECTION AREA COEFFICIENT (CM) = WATER PLANE AREA COEFFICIENT (CW) = LONGITUDINAL PRISMATIC COEFFICIENT (CPL) = VERTICAL PRISMATIC COEFFICIENT (CPV) =

172.9 m 26.7 m 15.22 m 11.02 m 16Knots 37544.31 36628.6 m3 0.72 0.98 0.82 0.73 0.87

PRELIMINARY GENERAL ARRANGEMENT PLAN

HULL FORM, HYDROSTATICS


FINALIZATION OF HULL FORM USING B.S.R.A. RESULTS
BODY PLAN AFT

BODY PLAN FWD

PROFILE AND HALF BREADTH PLAN

TRIBON SOFTWARE MODAL FROM BASIC LINES

HYDROSTATIC PARTICULARS FROM THE MODAL @0.00 TRIM

LIGHT SHIP CONDITION FROM TRIBON SOFT


WARE

TONNAGE MEASUREMENT OF SHIP

NO OF DIVISIONS :
NO OF
DIVISIONS PART 1 PART 2 PART 3 25% OF TL 50 % 0F TL 25% OF TL 8
8

Sectional area curve is drawn upto tonnage deck taking the sectional area at ordinate stations. Areas of part-1, 2 and 3 are measured and thus volume is measured

Part 1 volume = 7599.33, Part 2 = 36572.068 and Part3= 7538.54

TONNAGE MEASUREMENT OF SHIP


Total volume up to the tonnage deck=V1+V2+V3=7599.33+36572.068+7538.54 =51709.93m3 Gross registered tonnage =K1 x V K1 =0.2+ 0.02 Log 10V K1 =0.2+ 0.02 Log 10 51709.93= 0.29427 Gross registered tonnage up to main deck = 0.29427 x 51709.93= 15216.68 Tons Crew accommodation rules are based on Gross registered tonnage. So, Gross registered tonnage is calculated upto the tonnage deck. When the volume above tonnage deck is condensed, Gross registered tonnage may be amid 25000 tonnes so I have taken crew accommodation for Gross registered tonnage under 25000 tonnes.

FREEBOARD CALCULATION AS PER LOAD LINE REGULATION


Freeboard Calculation Procedure: Sectional areas are lifted at 85% of the least molded depth 85% of molded depth =15.22 0.85=12.93m

Sectional areas lifted at 85% of the least molded depth from Tribon modal
Sectional Area properties from the Tribon modal Draft 12.93 m Trim 0.000 m Volume 42920.236 m3 LCB 87.698 meters

FREEBOARD CALCULATION AS PER LOAD LINE REGULATION

FINAL FREEBOARD = 3674.03 mm = 3.68 m

Moulded draft = freeboard depth freeboard = 15.22-3.68 = 11.54 m MOULDED DRAFT = 11.54 m
SECTIONAL AREAS LIFTED AT MOULDED DRAFT (11.54 M)
Sectional Area Curve Properties Draft 11.540 m Trim 0.000 m Volume 37489.679 m^3 LCB 88.311 meters

FINALISED PARTICULARS OF THE SHIP


1) LENGTH BETWEEN PARTICULARS -172.9 M 2) LENGTH OVERALL -181.08 M 3) BREADTH (MOULDED) -26.7 M 4) DEPTH (MOULDED) -15.22 M 5) DRAUGHT (MOULDED) -11.56 M 6) BLOCK COEFFICIENT OF FINENESS -0.72 7) MIDSHIP SECTION AREA COEFFICIENT -0.996 8) WATER PLANE AREA CO-EFFICIENT -0.827 9) VERTICAL PRISMATIC CO-EFFICIENT -0.712 10) LONGITUDINAL PRISMATIC CO-EFFICIENT -0.858 9) VOLUME OF DISPLACEMENT between AP and FP 37489.679 m3 10) DISPLACEMENT -38426.92 TONNES

MID SHIP SECTION

MID SHIP SECTION


Bottom shell plating strakes of plating width and thickness. Side shell plating width and thickness. Deck plating width and thickness of each strake. Tank top plating width and thickness of each strake Side girder. Section through solid floor. Section through bracket floor. Bottom shell and tank top longitudinals.

POWERING
RESISTANCE CALCULATIONS
When a ship is moving with velocity V, the effect of this forward motion is to generate dynamic pressures on the hull which modify the original normal static pressure and if the forces arising from this modified pressure system resolved in the fore and aft direction it will be found that there is a resultant which opposes the motion of the ship through the water.

The total resistance coefficient of the ship CT =


Total resistance coefficient

RT 1 S V 2 2

C T = CF + CR + CA

FRICTIONAL RESISTANCE COEFFICIENT (CF): CF = CF = 1.43 10-3

0.075 log10 Rn 22

RESISTANCE CALCULATIONS
RESIDUARY RESISTANCE COEFFICIENT (CR): Air and steering resistance: Air resistance 10 3 CAA =. 07 103CR = 1.14 Steering resistance 10 3 CAS =. 04 TOTAL RESISTANCE COEFFICIENT : CT = CR + CF + CA + CAA +CAS CT = (1.14+1.43+0.075+0.07+0.04) 10-3 CT =2.7010-3 TOTAL RESISTANCE:( RT) RT= CT S V2 1/2 = (.002701021 6902.74 8.2304 2 ) / 2 RT = 656.243 KN Total resistance can be calculated as RT = CT. S V2 Total Resistance = resistance at speed of 14 knots +15% allowance RT = 743.17KN POWER: Effective power PE = RT X V = 743.17 8.2304 = 6116.6 KW

THE RESISTANCE AT DIFFERENT SPEEDS


Service Speed (Knots) Service Speed (m/s) Froude Number (V/ gL ) Reynolds Number (VL / ) 14 7.2016 0.17 1535.44x106 15 7.716 0.18 1645.11x106 16 8.230 0.196 1754.80x106 17 8.7448 0.21 1864.46x106 18 9.2592 0.22 1974.13x106

FRICTIONAL RESISTANCE COEFFICIENT (CF) 1.450 103 CF Value (From ITTC formulae) RESIDUARY RESISTANCE COEFFICIENT (CR) Slenderness Ratio (LOS / 1/3) Standard 103 CR Value (from graph) B / T Correction to (103 CR) std LCB Correction to Standard 103 CR Bow Correction to Standard 103 CR Bossing Corre to Standard 103 CR 5.41 0.69 1.440 1.430 1.410 1.400

5.41 0.78

5.41 0.93

5.41 1.02

5.41 1.2

-0.029
0.04 0.102 0.03

-0.029
0.05 0.09 0.038 0.929

-0.029
0.0648 0.0800 0.0465 1.0923

-0.029
0.09 0.07 0.052 1.203

-0.029
0.22 -0.09 0.06 1.361

Resultant 103 CR Value 0.833 INCREMENTAL RESISTANCE COEFFICIENT (CA) Scale Factor Resistance coefficient(CA1) Air Resistance coefficient (CAA) Steering Resistance coefficient (CAS) 0.075 0.07 0.04

0.075 0.07 0.04

0.075 0.07 0.04

0.075 0.07 0.04

0.075 0.07 0.04

Total resistance coefficient (Ct) x103

2.468

2.554

2.707

2.798

2.946

Total Resistant (RT) (KN)


Effective Power (PE= RT*V)(KW)

518.702
3735.487

616.198
4754.585

743.179
6116.660

867.087
7582.501

1023.516
9476.942

PROPELLER DESIGN
ESTIMATION OF WAKE FRACTION: Wake Fraction, wT = 0.324 THRUST DEDUCTION FRACTION (t): Thrust Deduction fraction, t =0. 242 VELOCITY OF ADVANCE: VA = VS (1 wT) == 5.56 m/s THRUST REQUIRED: T =980.44KN RT=As in Resistance calculation at 16 knots QUASI PROPULSIVE EFFICIENCY: D = H R O = PE / PD =1.12 1.09 0.585=0.71 D = 0.71

PROPELLER DESIGN
FINALIZED PARTICULARS : 1. DIAMETER (DP) 2. PITCH (P) 3. BLADE AREA RATIO (B.A.R) 4. DISC AREA (A0) 5. EXPANDED BLADE AREA (AE) 0.55 x30.19= 16.60m 6. PROPELLER R.P.M. (N) 7 NUMBER OF BLADES 8 DELIVERED POWER 9 SHAFT POWER 10 ENGINE DELIVERED POWER

= 7.42 m = 5.12 m = 0.54 = =30.19m2 = B.A.R A0=


= 82 rev / min =4 = 8155.46KW = 7956.55KW = 8614.59KW

WEIGHT ESTIMATION, CAPACITIES


ESTIMATION OF LIGHT SHIP WEIGHT:

STEEL WEIGHT: W steel weight =5522.0 tonnes. WOOD AND OUTFIT WEIGHT:1979.24 Tonnes MACHINERY WEIGHT: 688.32 tonnes

TOTAL LIGHT SHIP WEIGHT = 8189.16 tonnes


Dead Weight check: Displacement up to load water line = volume of displacement x 1.025 = 37489.679 x 1.025 = 38426.92 Tonnes Dead Weight = Displacement Light ship weight

38426.92 -8189.16 = 28243.08 tonnes


= 30228.76 Tonnes

Deadweight

CARGO HOLD CAPACITIES


CARGO HOLD -1 = Vol= 2140.63M3, LCG =154.21M VCG =9.348M CARGO HOLD -2 = Vol= 7468M3, LCG =136.053M VCG =8.858M CARGO HOLD -3 = Vol= 8653.29M3, LCG =112.741M VCG =8.459M CARGO HOLD -4 = Vol= 8725.69M3, LCG =88.79M VCG =88.79M CARGO HOLD -5 = Vol= 8599.11M3, LCG =64.916M VCG =8.48M CARGO HOLD -6 = Vol= 7493.15M3, LCG =41.39M VCG =8.945M SCANTLING CALCULATIONS ACCORDING TO I.R.S. RULES PART-3 GENERAL HULL REQUIREMENTS

REFERENCES
PRINCIPLES OF NAVAL ARCHITECTURE - EDWARD LEWIS SHIP DESIGN FOR EFFICIENCY AND ECONOMY - SCHNEEKLUTHS PRINCIPLES OF NAVAL ARCHITECTURE -RAWSON ANS TUPPER IRS, ABS, LRS, SOLAS, ILLC, IMCA & MARPOL REGISTRY OF SHIPS OF LRS, IRS & ABS MUCKLES NAVAL ARCHITECTURE - W.MUCKLE & D.A.TAYLOR SHIP DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION - ROBERT TAGGART RESISTANCE AND PROPULSION OF SHIPS - S.A. HARVALD PRACTICAL SHIP DESIGN - WATSON

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