Centrifugal Pumps Selection

A technical presentation by

Jyoti Swarup
Tripatra Engineering & Construction

T:\Pumps\Cent Pumps presentation

April 2010

Centrifugal Pumps Selection Contents
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. Definitions & Classifications Performance Curve Affinity Laws Specific speed NPSHA, NPSHR and Cavitation Suction Energy Viscosity and multi-pump operation Selections & Example

Positive Displacement Pumps are "constant flow machines". Centrifugal Pumps are "constant head machines".
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Selection – various types of pumps

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diaphragm. Positive Displacement Pumps . peristaltic.Bellows. doublediaphragm.Use centrifugal force to push the fluid through the outlet. and peristaltic pumps . Metering Pumps . rotary vane.Types of pumps    Centrifugal Pumps .Bellows. gears. progressing cavity. piston. rotary lobe. and then push the fluid through the outlet valve. gear. and syringe pumps that pull the fluid through the inlet valve into a chamber. 4 of 69 . or impeller.fixed cavity that the fluid is pushed through by rollers. close the inlet valve. piston. It leaves a void or vacuum which pulls in more fluid.

and a stationary element made up of a casing (volute or solid). and bearings. used to impart energy to a fluid through centrifugal force Two main parts: a rotating element which includes an impeller and a shaft. petrochemical and natural gas industries 5 of 69 .Centrifugal Pumps Most commonly used machine (next to electric motors) Consist of a set of rotating vanes. Classified by API Std 610-10th edition as Overhung OH1 to OH6 Between bearings BB1 to BB5 Vertically suspended VS1 to VS7 API Standard 610. stuffing box. enclosed within a housing or casing.Tenth edition 2004 (ISO 13709: 2003 identical) Centrifugal Pumps for petroleum.

some are self-priming. Simple design means quick installation. and easy repair. can restrict the outlet indefinitely without damaging the pump. (H vs Q is drooping) In smaller pumps. and pulseless flow at a low price—ideal for general transfer applications. low pressures.Characteristics of Centrifugal pump       Pumps offer high flow rates. Can control the flow rate by restricting the flow at the outlet with a nozzle or valve. 6 of 69 . Centrifugal pumps should not be run dry. low maintenance. Most centrifugal pumps must be gravity fed or utilized with a priming chamber.

..........181 7 of 69 ........................................................ 16 6 Accessories ................................................................................................................................. 4 4 Classification and designation ..........................................Tenth Edition....................................................................................................................................................... and preparation for shipment ....................... 9 5 Basic design ..................................................................1 2 Normative references ..... 64 8 Specific pump types ...........................................API Std 610............................................................. Petrochemical and Natural Gas Industries ............ ISO 13709 Adoption Introduction ........ Oct 2004 (1/2) Centrifugal Pumps for Petroleum... 71 9 Vendor's data .................................................................... 84 Annexures Bibliography.............................. 1 3 Terms and definitions ............................................................vi 1 Scope ....................... testing... 55 7 Inspection.........................

.124 Annex H (normative) Materials and material specifications for pump parts...........142 Annex K (normative) Seal chamber runout illustrations ......................................... ISO 13709 Adoption Annex A (informative) Specific speed and suction-specific speed ...................................................................158 Annex N (informative) Pump datasheets...........................136 Annex J (normative) Determination of residual unbalance.... 90 Annex B (normative) Cooling water and lubrication system schematics ..................................................................110 Annex G (informative) Materials class selection guidance ................................. Oct 2004 (2/2) Centrifugal Pumps for Petroleum................. 102 Annex D (normative) Standard baseplates ..........106 Annex E (informative) Inspector's checklist ....API Std 610.....................................................148 Annex L (informative) Vendor drawing and data requirements ......108 Annex F (normative) Criteria for piping design . Petrochemical and Natural Gas Industries ................... 91 Annex C (normative) Hydraulic power recovery turbines ..149 Annex M (informative) Test data summary.................Tenth Edition............................................162 8 of 69 .....................................126 Annex I (normative) Lateral analysis ...........

Centrifugal Pumps Overhung Horizontal Flexibly coupled Vertical in-line with bearing bracket Vertical in-line Vertical in-line High-speed integrally-geared Foot-mounted OH1 Centre-line OH2 supported OH3 OH4 OH5 OH6 Rigidly-coupled Close-coupled 9 of 69 .

Process pump per API 610 Centerline supported casing (OH2). Double Volute Renewable Wear ring for casing and impeller IN-LINE FIRE PUMP OH4 10 of 69 . Single stage.FLOWSERVE Model ERPN Overhung.

stage Multistage Axially-split Radially-split Axially-split Radially-split BB1 BB2 BB3 Single-casing BB4 Double-casing BB5 11 of 69 .Centrifugal Pumps Between Bearing 1.and 2.

Double Volute. Opposed impeller API 610 (BB1) Between Bearing Axially Split 12 of 51 .DMX API 610 (BB3) 10th Edition. Between Bearing Axially Split Multistage.

Centrifugal Pumps Vertically Suspended Singlecasing Doublecasing Discharge through column Separate discharge Diffuser Volute Vertically Suspended Diffuser Volute Axial-flow Line-shaft Cantilever VS1 VS2 VS3 VS4 VS5 VS6 VS7 13 of 69 .

FLOWSERVE VPC (VTP-Can) Vertical Turbine. Vertical. wet pit Enclosed line shaft construction Twin volute casing Double suction impeller Option: Solid shaft or hollow shaft motor Pressure upto 70 bar Column size 100 to 1200 mm VS2 14 of 51 . Double Casing Pump Open or Enclosed line shaft construction Option: Solid shaft or hollow shaft motor Pressure upto 150 bar Flow upto 160.000 m3/hr VS6 FLOWSERVE QL.

A CENTRIFUGAL PUMP ANIMATION • This animation shows fluid particles (represented by gray balls) enter the eye of the impeller and after they turn 90 degrees. 15 of 69 • • • . Check out the direction of rotation. At this point they are at the entrance of the volume formed by two adjacent impeller vanes. The rapid rotation of the vanes displaces the fluid particles by moving them in a radial direction into the pump volute and are decelerated and pressurized.

Positive Displacement Pumps (1/2) 16 of 69 .

Positive Displacement Pumps (2/2) Progressive cavity pump Multiplex pump Lobe pump 17 of 69 .

power generation. the paper industry. high viscosity fluids. sludge and sewage. and marine applications. 18 of 69 . slurry. chemicals and corrosives.Applications general purpose fluids. pure water. high temperature materials. gravel and solid materials. the petroleum industry.

19 of 69 . and should be considered when selecting pump materials. Key considerations include: 1. mechanical seal components. Acidity/alkalinity (pH) and chemical composition: Corrosive and acidic fluids can degrade pumps. 2. Operating temperature: Pump materials and expansion.Fluid Properties (1/4) The properties of the fluids being pumped can significantly affect the choice of pump. and packing materials need to be considered with pumped fluids that are hotter than 200°F (93°C).

20 of 69 . hardness.Fluid Properties (2/4) 3. 4. Solids concentrations/particle sizes: When pumping abrasive liquids such as industrial slurries. and the volumetric percentage of solids. selecting a pump that will not clog or fail prematurely depends on particle size. Specific gravity: The fluid specific gravity is the ratio of the fluid density to that of water under specified conditions. Specific gravity affects the energy required to lift and move the fluid. and must be considered when determining pump power requirements.

Fluid Properties (3/4) 5. Proper Consideration of the fluid’s vapor pressure will help minimize the risk of cavitation. Vapor Pressure: A fluid’s vapor pressure is the force per unit area that a fluid exerts in an effort to change phase from a liquid to a vapor. 21 of 69 . and depends upon the fluid’s chemical and physical properties.

Viscosity: The viscosity of a fluid is a measure of its resistance to motion. the pumping system designer must know the viscosity of the fluid at the lowest anticipated pumping temperature. Since kinematic viscosity normally varies directly with temperature. It is particularly important to consider pump suction-side line losses when pumping viscous fluids 22 of 69 . High viscosity fluids result in reduced centrifugal pump performance and increased power requirements.Fluid Properties (4/4) 6.


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Electric Motors - RPM
Description Electric Supply Frequency, Hz Singapore 50 Hz USA 60 Hz

2 Pole Motor speed, RPM
4 Pole Motor speed, RPM

3000 / 2950
1500 / 1460

3600 / 3550
1800 / 1750

6 Pole Motor speed, RPM
n poles, RPM

1000 / 970

1200 / 1160

Supply Freq x 2 x 60 / n Poles

For 3-phase AC motor, HP (output) = 1.73 x Current x Voltage x Eff. x P.F. / 746 Power Factor (P.F.) = KW / KVA Torque in lb-ft = HP x 5250 / RPM
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Energy content of liquid per unit weight

Relationship with pressure Head in ft = psi x 144 / w, w Sp. weight lbf/ft3 (for Water Sp. Wt. w = 62.3 lbf/ft3) Hence Head in ft = psi x 2.31 / Sp. Gr.

[Head in m = kPa / (9.81 x Sp. Gr.) ]
Velocity Head ft = V2/2g, g = 32.17 ft/s2, V in ft/s [Velocity Head m = V2/2g, g = 9.81 m/s2, V in m/s ]
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Pressure.2 Crude s.g. 1. Liquid Height (Head) and Specific Gravity Relationship .0 HCl s. 1.8 100 psi 120 psi 80 psi 26 of 69 .g.FPS units 231 ft Water s.g. 0.

Head on discharge side of pump with pump on The definitions of Pump Head vary in literature ! 27 of 69 .Total head when the pump is off Total Dynamic Head (Tot System Head) .Head on suction side of pump with pump on Dynamic Discharge Head .Head on discharge side of pump with the pump off Dynamic Suction Head/Lift .Head on the suction side. Many Different Types of Pump Head Total Static Head .Head on the suction side.Why use Head ? The main reason for using head instead of pressure to measure a centrifugal pump's energy is that the pressure from a pump will change if the specific gravity (weight) of the liquid changes but the head will not change. with pump off.Total head when the pump is on Static Suction Head . if the head is higher than the pump impeller Static Suction Lift . if the head is lower than the pump impeller Static Discharge Head . with pump off.

Pump Performance Curves 28 of 69 .

Min.Performance Curves Shut off head – for parallel operation to be > 110% of rated head. 29 of 69 . continuous stable flow (% of BEP) Rated operating point flow to be 80% to 110% of BEP (preferred range 70% to 120% of BEP) Best Efficiency point (BEP) – flow rate at which highest efficiency is achieved End of curve Minimum continuous stable flow % increases as Suction Specific speed increases.

(%) ] 30 of 69 . (%) [BKW = Flow (m3/hr) x TDH (m) x SG / 367 x EFF.Typical performance curves – centrifugal pumps Relationship at a      given RPM between Flow Dynamic Head Efficiency NPSH required BHP required BHP = Flow (GPM) X TDH (FT) x SG / 3960 x EFF.

MIXED FLOW AXIAL FLOW RADIAL FLOW 31 of 69 . brake horsepower. and efficiency plotted as a percent of their values at the design or best efficiency point of the pump. They show the head. mixed and axial flow.Characteristics Curves Figures are non-dimensional curves which indicate the general shape of the characteristic curves for the various types of pumps – radial.

where D = Imp. Head a D² or Head a N² For given D. N = RPM. diameter. H1/H2 = N1² / N2² For given N. Head a V² . Q1/Q2 = D1 / D2 Power a D³ or Power a N³ Affinity Laws 140 120 100 H1 N1 Diff Head 80 60 40 20 0 H2 N2 Q2 Q1 80 0 20 40 60 100 120 140 Capacity Affinity laws also may be loosely applied to NPSHR & Pump shaft deflections (square law) and pump wear rates (cubic law) 32 of 51 .Affinity Laws The generated pump head depends upon the exit fluid velocity at impeller periphery. Q1/Q2 = N1 / N2 For given N. H1/H2 = D1² / D2² Capacity Q a D or Capacity Q a N For given D. which is V = p x D X N.

50 Hz) generates 100 m3/hr at 100m differential head.Example A pump operating in Singapore at 2950 RPM (2 pole motor.Affinity Laws . Same pump in USA operating at 3540 RPM (60 Hz) will generate approximately Flow 100 x 3540 / 2950 = 120 m3/hr and Head 100 x (3540/2950) ² = 144 m Power ratio P2/P1 = N2³/ N1³ = 1.728 33 of 69 .

a variable speed drive may be used. or a steam/ gas turbine for variable speed operation. Using affinity laws. one can calculate the flow rate & head at any given operating speed.Variable speed operation    For varying flow or pressure. The drives may be using hydraulic couplings. System head requirement (no valve) RPM1 RPM2 H (ft) Pump curve for Di q (gpm) q* (desired) q produced by pump with no flow control Advantage: Lower operating Cost 34 of 69 . variable frequency drive.

55 SI units Conversion to US units x 51. RPM 2950. dimensionless N Rotative speed RPM Q total pump flow m3/sec (Alternate Q m3/sec per impeller eye) H Head per stage.75 Ns Specific Speed. Max. ignoring “g” in above equation had made it 35 of 51 dimensioned quantity 35 of 69 ..0278 m3/sec) H = 100m. Ns=15. m Example: Q = 100 m3/hr (0.64 = 802. Impeller diameter Ns = N (Q)0.5 / (g H)0.Specific Speed (API 610. Efficiency Even though Specific Speed is dimensionless. 10th ed.9 Specific speed vs. Annex A) At Best Efficiency Point.

75 = 802.3 USGPM) Head 100m (H = 328.08 ft) Pump RPM N = 2950 Ns = N (Q)0.5 / (328.08)0. 36 of 69 .5 / (H)0.3)0.9 (US units) Specific Speed of impellers is indicative of its shape and characteristics as shown in next slide.75 = 2950 (440.Specific Speed Calculation Check (for FPS units) Flow 100 m3/hr (Q = 440.

Comparison of pump profiles Radial flow – low specific speed Mixed flow – intermediate specific speed Axial flow – high specific speed N Q Ns  3 / 4 H D2 D1 D2/D1 > 2 D2/D1 = 1.5 D2/D1 = 1 37 of 69 Specific speeds in US units .5 to 2 D2/D1 < 1.

Specific Speed   High Ns pump impellers have inlet diameters (D1) that approach or equal the outlet diameter (D2). and relatively large open flow passages. 38 of 69 . Low Ns pump impellers have outlet diameters (D2) that are much larger than the inlet diameters (D1) and relatively narrow flow passages.

determined by the vendor by testing with water (3% loss of head. first stage head in a multi stage pump) NPSHA > NPSHR through the range of operation to prevent detrimental cavitation. 39 of 69 . NPSHR: Net Positive Suction Head required is a performance characteristics of the pump.Net Positive Suction Head NPSHA: Net Positive Suction Head available is the total suction head available from pump centerline less the vapor pressure of the liquid in ft (m) absolute – determined by purchaser at rated flow.

(VP+Ls+hf) b) PB+ LH .(VP+hf) c) p .(VP+hf) c d Note: Enclosed sheet is a sample NPSH and DH calculations 40 of 69 . a b NPSHA = a) PB.NPSHA Calculations Calculation of system Net Positive Suction Head Available for typical suction conditions.(VP+Ls+hf) d) p + LH .

m Example Q = 100 m3/hr (0. impeller diameter. Single suction impeller Nss=147. RPM 2950.75 Nss Suction Specific Speed.64 = 7593 41 of 69 . Nss = N (Q)0. dimensionless N Rotative speed RPM Q pump flow per impeller eye m3/sec NPSHR Net Positive Suction Head required at best eff.0 (SI units) Conversion to US units x 51. Point.5 / (NPSHR)0.0278 m3/sec) NPSHR = 5m. max. Maximum Impeller Diameter.Suction Specific Speed (API 610) At Best Efficiency Point.

NPSHR is not the point at which cavitation starts. a pump running at an NPSHA equal to the NPSHR is already cavitating! 42 of 69 . due to flow blockage from cavitation vapor in the impeller vanes.   The higher ratios are associated with high suction energy pumps or pumps with large impeller inlet areas. (that level is referred to as incipient cavitation).NPSHR and margins  NPSHR of a pump is the NPSH that cause the total head (Ist stg head of multistage pumps) to be reduced by 3%. depending on pump design. The NPSH at incipient cavitation can be from 2 to 20 times the 3% NPSHR value.

Top curve System pressure (Ps) > fluid vapor pressure. 43 of 69 . Ft . This will cause cavitation. One cubic foot of water at room temperature becomes 1700 cu. however acceptable life can be achieved. cavitation cannot occur. of vapor at the same temperature. Bottom curve Ps < the vapor pressure as it enters the impeller eye. Cavitation exists in high percentage of pumps.Cavitation Cutaway view of a pump volute shows the passage of flow through the impeller.

Failure history: repeated seal or bearing failures 3. Repeated impeller replacements 44 of 69 .Cavitation types 1. bends. "Pumping gravel" cavitation noise 2. Rapid decrease in discharge pressure when attempting to increase rates 4. 3. 4. Low NPSHA: Fluid Vaporizes at impeller inlet Low Flow (suction recirculation and discharge recirculation) Air Injection (air leaks or entrained gases) Turbulence (Excessive. due to high velocity. Lower than expected discharge pressure 6. 2. TEE at inlet) Symptoms of Cavitation: 1. High vibrations 5.

This vapor carried to the discharge side of the pump no longer sees vacuum and is compressed back into a liquid by the discharge pressure. 45 of 69   . This imploding action occurs violently and attacks the face of the impeller which will remove large chunks of material from its face causing premature failure of the pump.Suction Cavitation  Suction Cavitation: The pump suction is under a low pressure condition where the liquid turns into a vapor at the eye of the pump impeller.

5/(NPSHR)0. A description of various terms of suction energy are as in next three slides. Sp. and thus some slides are now removed from this presentation.)    De = Impeller Eye Diameter (inches) N = Pump Speed (RPM) NSS = Suct.6.1 has since been withdrawn now.g.6. Speed .) http://www.1998): Suction Energy (SE) ≈ (De x N x NSS x s.1. Following formula approximates the Graph in Hydraulic Institute Standard on NPSH Margin (ANSI/HI 9. = Specific Gravity of Liquid De = Suction Nozzle Diameter x 0.Suction Energy (Old) Prediction.gouldspumps.RPM x (GPM)0.ihtml?pid=9&lastcatid=41&step=4 46 of 73 ..com/cat_technews.75 (is a good approximation for Side/Double Suction Pumps) (This HIS code 9..g. when cavitation may cause problems can be based on ―Suction Energy‖.75 s.9 (is a good approximation for End Suction Pumps) De = Suction Nozzle Diameter x 0.

75 where n = rpm. 47 of 69 . S = nQ0. Values above approximately 120-ft/sec are considered high suction energy. These factors typically include: 1. Q = gpm and NPSH = feet.000 are considered high energy.Suction Energy (1/3) Pumps with high suction energy level are generally more likely to suffer from cavitation damage.5/(NPSH)0. The suction speed S of the pump. 2. The higher the level. 3. The specific gravity of the liquid pumped. Values above about 12. the higher the suction energy. there are many factors that contribute to this and no precise definition has been established. The peripheral velocity at the outside diameter of the impeller eye. However.

The greater the angle. 7. Cold water is one of the highest energy liquids. Thermodynamic properties of the liquid. the greater the turbulence and suction energy level. Side suction pumps are considered higher suction energy than end suction. 6. The incidence angle between the inlet impeller vanes and the approaching liquid. This value may have to be obtained from the pump manufacturer. 48 of 69 . 5. followed by high temperature water and hydrocarbons. The geometry of the pump inlet.Suction Energy (2/3) 4. The overlap of the impeller vanes. Impellers with two or three vanes have higher suction energy than four or more vanes.

At reduced rate of flow. which considerably increases suction energy. The geometry of the inlet piping to the pump. 49 of 69 . 9. Manufacturers can often provide installation lists of pumps that are operating successfully. Operation away from the best efficiency point (BEP) of the pump. This is a complex situation and a single equation or relationship has not been developed which will accurately tie all of these factors together. Piping turns and pipe size changes add to the suction energy of the pump. the pump may operate in its suction recirculation region.Suction Energy (3/3) 8.

Ch = 0. CH = 0.1 HP 50 of 69 .95 = 790 GPM HW= 100 / 0.95.635 = 51. 100 ft diff head.Viscosity correction for Centrifugal Pumps Example: Pump at 750 GPM. Sp. 0. 81%.515) = 33.90 CQ = 0. = 81% x 0.92 for 1. Viscosity 1000 SSU. than viscous eff. Gr.5% Pump BHP = (750 x 100 x 0.0 QNW.92 = 109 ft Select pump for water capacity 790 GPM @ 109 ft head.90) / (3960 x 0.635 QW = 750 / 0. If selected pump eff.

Pumps in Series and Parallel (1/2) Pumps in Series Flow rate Q is same for both Total Head = HA + HB Pumps in Parallel Head H is same for both Total Flow = QA + QB 51 of 69 .

Pumps in Series and Parallel (2/2) When two or more pumps are arranged in parallel their resulting performance curve is obtained by adding their flowrates at the same head as indicated in the figure below. When two (or more) pumps are arranged in serial. their resulting pump performance curve is obtained by adding their heads at same flow rate as indicated in the figure below. .

Composite Performance Curves – 3600 RPM 53 of 69 .

Composite Performance Curves – 1800 RPM 54 of 69 .

Composite Performance Curves – 1200 RPM 55 of 69 .

Pump 3X2X10 operating characteristics at variable speed Pump RPM 3600 1800 1200 BEP Flow. BEP Head. GPM ft 490 256 170 400 100 43 56 of 51 .

h  63%. 4 x 3 x 13. Imp. h  70%.4 HP. diam 5. Imp. diam.3‖ 1800 RPM. Q= 170 GPM @ DH = 44 ft 3600 RPM. 8. 9. Q= 258 GPM @ DH = 100 ft 1200 RPM.2 ft. Imp. performance at BEP @ Max Impeller diameter:  Selected Centrifugal pump model for flow capacity 200 GPM @ 80 ft diff head:  3600 RPM.5 ft.0‖ 1200 RPM. 3 x 2 x 10. 68 HP.Pump Performance parameters at various speeds For a given Centrifugal Pump Model 3 x 2 x 10. NPSHR = 6. NPSHR = 4.8 ft.4 HP. diam 13‖ 57 of 69     . NPSHR = 5. 2. h  78%. 3 x 2 x 6. Q= 490 GPM @ DH = 400 ft 1800 RPM.


Most pumps can be equipped with different diameter impellers and can be operated at different speeds to change capacities. and suction and discharge piping diameters.Goulds 3196 Pump Curves Manufacturers provide series of pumps to cover broad ranges of capacities. at 1180. Pump sizes are denoted with 3 numbers. 1750 and 3550 RPM. 3x4-7 Discharge Diameter Inches Suction Diameter Inches Casing Diameter Inches 59 of 69 . The 60 Hz curves provided (T:\PUMPS) are for a few variations of the Goulds pump model 3196 process pump. heads.

flow rate curve. Can a 3x4-10 model 3196 Goulds pumps be used? 60 of 69 . Suppose that we have a process that requires a flow rate of 300 GPM and has a head requirement of 60 ft. find the pump with the highest efficiency that does not require the use of the largest impeller diameter. To select a specific pump from a product line. This will allow for future production expansions. We can fit our process conditions on the manufacturers pump curves. at that flow rate.Pump Selection Goal is to find a pump whose curve matches the piping system head vs.

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The best efficiency point of above selected pump at 60 Hz operation. Capacity 250 USGPM. NPSHA 15 ft. 41.85. Rated BKW. Please note Model Goulds 3196 is taken as an example only.80. Ps 20 psig. Diesel Oil Sp.5 m. Sea Water Sp Gr 1. 60 Hz electric supply. NPSHA 18 ft 60 Hz Electric Supply 2. Shut Off Head. Driver rating. Ps 150 kPa. 0. in the given format. Crude Oil Sp Gr 0. Show Pump Model. Nozzle sizes and ratings.5m 2a The best efficiency point of above pump at 50 Hz operation. BKW @ End of Curve (Please note Model Bell & Gosset series VSX is taken for example only. Capacity 500 m3/hr. RPM. it is not a suitable model for service. RPM. Example 2 Please select suitable centrifugal pumps for following duties 1. Diff head 20m. 50 Hz Electric Supply.5m Dhead.. 0. 2.Examples Example 1: Please select centrifugal pumps for following duties 1. NPSHA 3. Eff. Hydrocarbon Sp. NPSHR. NPSHR. Shut Off HeadSpecific Speed at BEP. Suction Specific Speed. Capacity 6000 USGPM. Driver rating. Gr. 50 Hz 2a. Show Pump Model..9. Capacity 36 m3/hr. it is not a suitable model for service) Refer Goulds Model 3196 / Bell & Gossett curves available in T:\pumps directory 62 of 69 . NPSHA 2.Suction Specific Speed at BEP. Diff Head 200 ft. Impeller Diameter. Impeller Diameter. Nozzle sizes and ratings. Diff head 200 ft. Eff. Specific Speed. Rated BKW. Gr.03.

and Gas Industry Services Downstream Segment. 2000 Sealless Centrifugal Pumps for Petroleum. 2001 Specification for Horizontal End Suction Centrifugal Pumps for Chemical ProcessReplaces B73. 3rd ed.2. Petrochemical and Natural Gas Industries-Tenth Edition. 10th ed.Codes and Standards (1/2)        API Std 610. Heavy Duty Chemical. 2004 Centrifugal Pumps for Petroleum. Errata 10/2007 ASME B 73. Ist ed. 2003. 1990. Specification for Sealless Horizontal End Suction Metallic Centrifugal Pumps for Chemical Process (R2008) ASME PTC 8. Specification for Vertical InLine Centrifugal Pumps for Chemical Process (R2008) ASME B 73. Pumps Shaft Sealing Systems for Centrifugal and Rotary Pumps-Third Edition.1. 2006 API Std 685. 2004.. Errata: November 10.1M (R2007) ASME B 73..2.3. Centrifugal Pumps 63 of 69 . 2003. ISO 13709 Adoption API Std 682. ISO 21049 Adoption.

GOST. 2010. 1993 End-Suction Centrifugal Pumps (Rating 16 Bar) Designation. 64 of 69 . EN DIN. JIS. Standard for the Installation of Stationary Fire Pumps for fire protection : NFPA 20H.Codes and Standards (2/2)    BSI BS EN 22858. AWWA. 2010 Stationary Fire Pumps Handbook . Nominal Duty Point and Dimensions Second Edition.Third Edition There are many other codes available for Centrifugal pumps from various international organizations as        BSI. ASHRAE etc. ISO. (CEN EN 22858: 1993) NFPA 20.

Hydraulic Institute Standards (1/3) 65 of 69 .

Hydraulic Institute Standards (2/3) 66 of 69 .

Hydraulic Institute Standards (3/3) 67 of 69 .

403 USGPM  Pipe Vel.321/ (ID in)2 3/hr = 0.64 x SI kPa = head in m x Sp Gr / 0.5886 ft3/min  BKW = m3/hr x H.  Head 1 m = 3.2778 liter/sec  Flow m  BHP = GPM x H x Sp Gr / 3960 / Eff.19m WC = 1 bar  Ns = N Q ½ H ¾ pressure  Nss = N Q ½ NPSHR ¾  Power 1 KW = 1. g = 9.806m/s2 =  Q1/Q2 = N1/N2.Unit Conversions Some unit conversions (for ready Some formulas (for ready reference) reference)  USGPM = 449 x CFS  Flow m3/hr = 4.102 units (API 610) 68 of 69 .  Flow m3/hr = 0. ft/sec = GPM x 0. speed in US units = 51.17 ft/s2  Sp.341 HP 2 2  Accel.m x Sp Gr/ 367 / Eff. due to gr.31 32. H1/H2 = N1 /N2  psi = head in ft x Sp Gr / 2.2808 ft  Head H = V2/2g  Head 10.

Books on Centrifugal Pumps 69 of 69 .

Thank YOU 70 of 69 .

Composite rating charts for the ―Goulds 3196‖ family of pumps .

Bell & Gossett VSX 1780 RPM Base Mounted – Double Suction .

Bell & Gossett VSX 1180 RPM Base Mounted – Double Suction .

Manufacturer’s pump characteristics Index of pumps from Goulds Pumps Inc .

NPSHR 1  h 2  D1    D  1  h1  2  1/ 5 .Affinity law .