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A Global Warning

Definition of Food Security Hunger Goals Right to Food Hunger Report 2008 World Hunger Index

Region wise segregation of undernourishment International Causes of Food insecurity Indias food security problem Strengthening Food security strategies Conclusion

Way Forward

Food security is achieved when all people, at all times, have physical, social and economic access to sufficient, safe and nutritious food to meet their dietary needs and food preferences for an active and healthy life UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO).

It can be applied on any scale, from a single household to the global population. In its least serious degree, food insecurity indicates only the risk of hunger, not necessarily its presence Famine is the most extreme state of food insecurity. It exists where a series of hunger indicators, including mortality, cross critical thresholds set by the UN

http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded& v=z76ljy6uNZk

Millennium Development Goal falls short of food security aspirations, as half the proportion of the worlds population experiencing hunger

Minimum dietary energy requirement declared for each country by the FAO; depending on age and gender profile, the figure is typically around 2,000 kilocalories per day for light activity

The number of people lacking access to the minimum diet barely changed:
848 million in 1990 850 million in 2008 The provisional figure for 2010 is 925 million

The proportion of underweight children under five years reduced from 29% to 18% in the period 1990-2010
The 2012 MDG report describes progress as insufficient to reach the global target by 2015 (due to increasing population) The worst affected region is South Asia where the incidence of underweight children is 32% 1 billion people are believed to suffer from malnutrition (1/3rd consists of children)

India ranks 66 out of 88 countries on the 2008 Global Hunger Index (GHI). India is home to the worlds largest food insecure population, with more than 200 million people who are hungry.

All Indian states have at least a serious level of hunger; there is not a single state with low or even moderate levels.
Twelve states fall into the alarming category and one (Madhya Pradesh) is considered to have an extremely alarming level of hunger

And if you feel it is just the under developed or developing countries that are facing this problem The next slide will change your thought

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Food prices have increased 230% since 2000

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The fundamental right of everyone to be free from hunger According to FAO reports, over 100 countries include either a direct or implied reference to the right to food in their constitutions; global hunger statistics wide gap between intent and implementation

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Food commodity prices are inherently volatile, thanks to fickle weather conditions and the sensitivity of operational costs of modern farming to the price of oil

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Global Divide in Food and Agriculture


A quarter of the worlds land livestock; a third of arable land is dedicated to grain which is fed to animals

The worlds poorest two billion people who spend 50%-70% of their incomes on food, the consequences were life-changing, which includes families being forced to reduce the volume and nutritional quality of their food consumption, many selling assets or incurring debts

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According to the International Food Policy Research Institutes 2011 Global Hunger Index, about 60 million children in India are underweight and malnourished, while 21 percent of the population as a whole general is malnourished National Food Security Bill threatening to continue market inefficiencies in food supply and extend the problem of malnutrition far into the future

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Loss of productivity, indirect losses from impaired cognitive development, and losses from increased long-term healthcare costs
Undernourishment Malnutrition

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Develop a framework for impact on food security


Improve data collection and analysis

Advice and assistance for at risk and affected countries

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We are still away from a hunger free world

Emerging threats can exacerbate hunger and poverty

We need innovative and flexible approaches to meet the emerging threats

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Integrate food security and sustainable agriculture into global and national policies Significantly raise the level of global investment in sustainable agriculture and food systems in the next decade

Sustainably intensify agricultural production while reducing greenhouse gas emissions and other negative environmental impacts of agriculture

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Target populations and sectors that are most vulnerable to climate change and food insecurity Reshape food access and consumption patterns to ensure basic nutritional needs are met and to foster healthy and sustainable eating habits worldwide Reduce loss and waste in food systems, particularly from infrastructure, farming practices, processing, distribution and household habits Create comprehensive, shared, integrated information systems that encompass human and ecological dimensions

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