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THE LANGUAGE OF MATHEMATICS

Around the world people of all ages speak math What can an early childhood educator do to enhance this process?

Children begin to acquire many language concepts Language of math is embedded (terpancang) in the development of many verbal communication skills

 Young children enjoy listening & talking in natural setting Dramatic play is an important activity that encourages spontaneous conversation and roleplay about the adult world The lyrics of familiar songs and nursery rhymes give children the opportunity to repeat familiar words and phrases in a joyful way Picture books & stories focus on language learning – interesting themes and pictures    .

Children learn naturally while enjoying a wonderful medium   .Developing Math Language Using Song & Verse  Many traditional songs and nursery rhymes contain themes that encourage language learning in Math Example – where is thumb kin? (Schiller & Moore 1993) provides a valuable resource for musical material.

Developing Math Language Using Song & Verse Math Language Up and down Over the Mountain On the back of the crocodile Cool-hot Low-high Traditional Songs “Eensy Weensy Spider” The Bear Went Over the Mountain The Crocodile Song The Three Bears Twinkle. twinkle Little Star .

symbols. pattern & versatility benefit everyday life  . and ways of describing procedures in order to help them appreciate the logic of math sentence A curriculum that helps children acquire this language will enable them to enjoy its beauty.Math Language and Older Children  Older children benefit from a clear understanding of wide variety of technical terms.

models and manipulative. .Math Concepts Found in the Early Childhood Curriculum     Teachers are often surprised to learn about these words Everyday word such as „over‟ & „under‟ are a part of the math curriculum Children with limited English proficiency need more example Using pantomime. pictures.

1.Comparing words  The child gains confidence in observing differences in a variety of characteristics such as size. temperature or loudness A child may compare weight by holding two objects or using a pan scale to weigh them  .

cars Beach balls & tennis ball People. & house Fast-Slow Hot-Cold Song rap or jazz. dolls.1. people. drinks & weather . cars or truck Food. trees.Comparing words  Here is a list of common comparing words : Big – little Large-small Tall-short Toy animals.

they can talk about the one on top.2.  . the one in the middle & one on the bottom. they have many opportunities to use these words When stack object (objek bertimbun). Positional Words  Help the child grasp (faham) many concepts about space that will be important in later learning  Play in block corner.

2. Positional Words     Most difficult words in the positional group refer to the concept of left and right Some teacher have trouble with these two concepts and rely on crutches (bergantung pd 1 keadaan) such as looking at a ring finger to find out which direction is Example ”Look at a bird at the tree! Where? On the left!” You may have trouble with right and left orientation .

Positional Words  Example : Playing with a doll or a parking garage Stacking objects In. out. apart. bottom. outside.2. Top. together Dishes and the placement food on the table “Your cup is on the right” Right-left . over. under middle.

toward. to the right. Directional Words   Involve movement Children can perform actions either in the form of musical game or gym activity Examples : Using musical activity or using cars & trucks (Forward. backward. down. around.3. away from)   . up.

before. last. middle. next to. which will help the child later when more complex problems are found in our number systems Examples : Making a line of zoo animals where each animal is totally difference from its neighbor : (First. beginning. after)    . ahead of. Sequence Words   Very important Develop a sense of order. in front of. end.4.

but it is not until approximately age 9 that children can really grasp time concepts  They start to acquire the concepts of morning.5. The Language of Time  Piaget – acquisition (kemahiran) of this concept begins in ECE. may quickly forgotten unless it was very exciting or very traumatic event   . afternoon. and night Children‟s time exist in the present Something is in the past.

includes the day of the week.5. the names of the months and the concept of a year Actual number or date difficult to remember unless it is a special date such as one‟s birthday . children learn to tell time using the clock They begin to learn calendar time. The Language of Time    In 1st grade.

afternoon. day. minutes. evening. holidays. late Clock Words Long hand. alarm clock Calendar Words Days of week. hour. tonight. early. vacation. name of the season. night. yesterday. seconds. watch.5. date . tomorrow. The Language of Time  Example : General Time Words Morning. short hand. tomorrow. noon.

sides. box. flat. These informal ways of using shape words help child describe everyday object Example : Find & talk about shape in the environment (round.. room) .6. tube. The ball is round. carton. triangle. stairs. square. circle. corners. Shape Words    The baby‟s bed has sides..

Number Words    Group of words describe our number system Children learn to compare quantity and to recognize relationships such as more or less Example : “Andy has more raisins than I do” .7.

fewer. Number Words   Examples Talking about quantity at snack time. greater than. less then) . many. less.7. in the block center (more. the same.

We match the items in a set to the counting numbers * * * *  1 2 3 4 the cardinal numbers is 4 4.Counting numbers – start with 1.2. 4th .include zero.4.Ordinal number – gives each a position such as 1st.3.5 3.1. 2nd.2.Whole numbers.5 2. 2.Cardinal numbers – names the total in a set. 3  By the middle of 1st grade most can count up to 100 1.4.3.7. 1. 3rd. Number Words Children learn to count. 0.

3.X.>) Symbols for operations (=. comma.<. The Symbols of Math   1. ) Symbols for punctuation ( decimal point. brackets) . -.2.Y) Symbols for relations (=. 4.=.3. 2. x.7. Math does not use the ABCs to communicate These symbols are commonly described in four categories Symbols for ideas (1.

The Number Sentence     A number sentence is written horizontally using the various symbols Examples : Ciko has 12 apples. How many apples does Ciko have left? Math Sentence 12 – 1 = ? . He gave 1 apple to Bengo.

Gerenti Beres!! .