Nehal Shah (251171) Sandeep Sharma (251179) Udeet Sharma (251180) Ankit Varsani (251204)

Introduction Foam concrete is a type of porous concrete According to its features and uses it is similar to aerated concrete .


high alumina and Calcium Sulfoaluminate have been used for reducing the setting time and to improve the early strength of foam concrete .Constituents Constituents of base mix 2) Foam 1) 1) • Constituents of base mix Ordinary Portland cement. Rapid hardening Portland cement and .

Foam Foam concrete is produced either by :1) Pre-foaming method 2) Mixed foaming method .

 Pre-foaming method comprises of producing base mix and stable preformed aqueous foam separately and then thoroughly blending foam into the base mix. In mixed foaming. foam is produced resulting in cellular structure in concrete  . the surface active agent is mixed along with base mix ingredients and during the process of mixing.

Mix Design .

water and compressed air .Making foam from foaming agent.

Schematic diagram .


Properties of Foam Concrete Fresh state properties Consistency Stability Physical properties Drying shrinkage Air-void systems Density .

Mechanical properties Compressive strength Flexural and tensile strengths Modulus of elasticity .


type and particle size distribution of sand and type of foaming agent used .Compressive Strength The compressive strength decreases exponentially with a reduction in density of foam concrete The parameters affecting the strength of foam concrete are cement–sand and water–cement ratios. curing regime.

Flexural and Tensile strengths Splitting tensile strengths of foam concrete are lower than those of equivalent normal weight and lightweight aggregate concrete with higher values observed for mixes with sand than those with fly ash • Use of Polypropylene fibres has been reported to enhance the performance with respect to tensile and flexural strength of foam concrete • .

Advantages of Foamed Concrete • • • • • • • • • • • • Requires less compaction Lightweight .spreads to fill all voids Excellent load spreading characteristics Once placed requires no maintenance Does not impose significant lateral loads Reliable quality control .batches are easy to reproduce Resistant to freeze-thaw cycle (1000 cycles of -180C to +200C) Non-hazardous either during application or in service Highly cost effective compared with other methods Enables fast work Sufficiently strong and durable for most applications .does not impose large loadings Free flowing .

3. Insulation can be laid to the required. As heat insulating materials for roofs of residential and Industrial Buildings. . Foam concrete surface can easily be finished with mortar screed or plaster. As low temperature insulation material in cold storage plants. 4. Transport. Pre-cast blocks for non-load-bearing partition walls. 4. In addition. 2. there are further advantages like 1. as in the case of precast work. where large areas are involved. There are no joints. to give lightweight and sound deadening construction. sun breakers etc. hauling breakage or wastage is eliminated. 3. Reinforced slabs for roof decks or floor panels. to provide a hard surfacing. 5.Applications & Uses 1. 5. 2. to receive water proofing treatment. when foam concrete is done cast insitu for roof insulation. 6. Insulation can be laid to the required thickness and slopes for proper drainage. Light weight-filling material for achieving slopes to facilitate drainage. Hallow block construction for wall and roofs.