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Basics of Heat Exchangers

P M V Subbarao Professor Mechanical Engineering Department I I T Delhi

Creation of Heat Exchanger Anatomy!!!

Generation of Motive Power was the Mother of Heat Exchanger Invention The Role of Hxs in the 21st Century Heat exchangers serve a straightforward purpose: controlling a system’s or substance’s temperature by adding or removing thermal energy. .

• Enhances the value of Fuel energy. • Facilitates energy conservation in any industry. . • A Good Heat Exchanger is a True Mediator.Devices for Energy Mediation in Thermal Engineering • A Device to facilitate transfer of energy by using an action called Heat or Heat transfer. • A great tool for control of thermal environment.

• Power plant heat exchanger. Principles of boiler design. Compact heat exchanger.Syllabus – Device Basis • Basic Concepts in Heat Exchangers– Scientific Evolution. heat exchanger for heat recovery at low. matrix heat exchanger and heat pipe exchanger. • Regenerators. • Network of Hext exchangers. fouling of heat exchanger. medium and high temperatures.The stream analysis method. Radiative heat exchangers. • Performance enhancement of heat exchanger. • Recent developments in heat exchangers . • Plate heat exchanger. • Furnaces. • Shell and Tube Heat Exchangers – Kern Method – Bell Delware method . • Testing evaluation and maintenance of heat exchanger. • Direct contact heat exchangers – cooling towers. recuperators. • Basic design methods for heat exchanger – Tube in tube / double pipe Hxs. • Computerized methods for design and analysis of heat exchanger.

2. 5. Spray design. Design Aspects – Heat Transfer and pressure loss. Condensors and Evaporators Design (9) – Design of Surface and Evaporative Condensors. Friction factor. Channel divergence. Selection of pumps. Types of failures. • 1. Design of Shell and Tube. Gas-Gas-Liquid Heat Exchangers. effect of Deviations from ideality. Testing and Maintenance. Flow Configuration. LMTD. • • • • . Construction Details and Heat Transfer – Types. Industrial applications.Syllabus – Concept Basis. Experimental Methods. Thermal Stress in tubes. Cooling Towers (9) – Packings. Pressure loss. Effect of Baffles. Plate Heat Exchangers. Fans and Pipes. Flow Distribution and Stress Analysis – Effect of Turbulence. Temperature distribution and its implications. Effectiveness. Shell and Tube Heat Exchangers. 3. Plate type evaporators. 4. Design of Typical liquid. Regenerators and Recuperators.

G F Hewuttm G L Shires and T R Bott. CRC Press. • Heat Exchangers. Annaratone . John Wiley & Sons. 2005.References • Process Heat Transfer. • Fundamentals of Heat Exchanger Design..1994. Pergamon. CRC Press. • Handbook for Heat Exchangers and Tube Banks Design. Hesselgreaves. Eric M Smith. Ltd. J. 2001. H Liu. • Literature from Web. D. 2002. • Advances in Thermal Design of Heat Exchangers. John Wiley & Sons. 2010.E. • Compact Heat Exchangers. Springer Verlag. .2003. A Kakac. R K Shah and D P Sekulic..

Evaluation • Minors & Majors – 60 % • Design Assignments – 20 % • Course Project – 20% .

.A First Step in Learning about A HX.

• The rate of enthalpy gained by a cold fluid Q absorbed  m cold  fluid (hhot cf  hcold cf ) • The rate enthalpy lost by hot fluid   Q donated  m hot  fluid (hhot  hf  hcold  hf ) • Thermal Energy Balance:   Q absorbed  Q donated   .Thermodynamic Perspective of HX.

Heat Transfer Perspective of HX. • How can hot fluid loose thermal energy? • How can cold fluid gain thermal energy? Q absorbed  Q donated • How to model this mutual interaction? Q newton  UAeffectiveTeffective    Overall Coefficient of Heat Transfer. U .