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The Live of Greek Mythology

BY Zahrina Yustisia Noorputeri

 Primordial  Titans

Contents

 Major

Olympians  Other Gods  Mystical Creatures  Mortal and Demigods

Primordial Gods
Gaia

Ouranos

Gaia

 

Myth Family Attributes and epithets Worship

Myth of Gaia
 

Gaia is The Mother Earth. She’s a Primordial Goddess. She mothered Gigantes (Giants). She mothered mythical creatures and Titans.

Family of Gaia

Husband : Ouranos Other lovers : Tartaros and Hydros. Children : Gigantes, Titans, Kyklopes, Phyton, Drakon, Daimones, Skorpion, etc.

Attributes and Epithets

 

Anything that connected with Earth and living beings. Crown Terra is her Roman equivalent Her name include : Mater Panton, Olympuia, Megale Theia, and Khthon.

Worship
 

Mainly worshiped in Southern Greece. She became the witness of human oaths. Human sacrificed goats to her.

Ouranos
► Myth ► Family ► Attributes

epithets ► Worship

and

Myth of Ouranos
He’s the Primordial God. ► God of Heaven. ► He got 12 sons and 6 daughters from Gaia. ► He also fathered Aphrodite. ► Gaia was his mother and also wife. ► When Zeus ruled Heaven, he and all Titans were cast into Tartarus.

Family of Ouranos
► Mother

: Gaia ► Wife : Gaia ► Children : Gigantes, Titans, Kyklopes, Phyton, Drakon, Daimones, Skorpion, Aphrodite, etc.

Attributes and Epithets
► Starry

night.

► Sky.
► His

Roman equivalent is Caelerum. ► Akmon is one of his name means untiring. ► Akmonides means anvil.

Worship
► His

worship wasn’t exist. ► He became the witness of gods oaths.

Titans and Titaness

KRONOS RHEA

Kronos
  

Myth Family Attributes and Epithets Worship

Myth of Kronos

  

He’s The Leader of Titans. Titans of Time. He succeeded his own father, Ouranos . He fathered six children who then became Olympians. He ate five of his children except Zeus in fear of being succeeded. In days, he’s Saturday.

Family of Kronos

 

Mother : Gaia Father : Ouranos Wife : Rhea Children : Hestia, Demeter, Hera Haides, Poseidon,Zeus, Kheiron, Aphros,etc.

Attributes and Epithets

 

Time and clock. Sky. His Roman equivalent is Saturn.

Worship

His worship was around Olympia, Athens, Central Greece and Southern Spain. He’s a chief God of Attica. Olympic games was existed to honor his wrestling with Zeus.

Rhea

 

Myth Family Attributes Worship and Epithets

Myth of Rhea

Titaness of fertility She mothered six children who then became Olympians from Cronos. Rhea and Cybele were joined as duo goddess, Meter Theon, which means Mother of Gods. She hid Zeus from being eaten by Kronos.

Family of Rhea

 

Mother : Gaia Father : Ouranos Husband : Kronos Children : Hestia, Demeter, Hera Haides, Poseidon,Zeus.

Attributes

  

Lions and chariot. Sceptre and Turret crown Cymbals Palace Lion and hawk were her sacred animals. Silver Fir was her sacred tree.

Worship and Epithets

Her worship was around Southern Greece and Aegean Sea. Her Roman equivalent was Opis. She was called Meter, Meter Theon, Mater Megale, Mater Panton, and Metroeum.

Major Olympians

Aphrodite

  

Myth Family Attributes Worship and Epithets

Myth of Aphrodite
 

Goddess of beauty, love, and pleasure. She was born from a sea foam. She won the competition of the fairest goddess against Hera and Athena. She turned a statue of woman to live as her answer to King Pygmalion. She married Hephaestus and had affair with Ares.

Family of Aphrodite

 

Father : Ouranos Husband : Hephaestus Other lovers : Ares, Dionysus, Hermes, Nerites, Zeus, Adonis, etc. Children : Eros, Hermaphroditos, HArmonia, Iakhos, Lyros, Aeneas, etc.

Attributes

   

Dove chariot Her clothing and jewellry Magical girdle Palace Dove, goose, sparrow, swan, fish, etc were her sacred animals. Apple, pomegranate, myrtle, etc, were her sacred plants.

Worship and Epithets

Her worship was widely around Greece, Spain, and Italy. Her Roman equivalent was Venus. She was called Nymphaia, Ourania, Khypre, Philommides,etc.

Apollo

  

Myth Family Attributes Worship and Epithets

Myth of Apollo

 

God of music and poetry. Bringer of sudden disease. Twin brother of Artemis. He slay Phyton to guard his temple. A chief of oracles. Being avenged by Eros which caused him madly in love with Daphne but rejected.

Family of Apollo

  

Mother : Leto Father : Zeus Sister : Artemis Lovers : Koronis, Akkakalis, Bollina, Kyrene, etc. Children : Skylla, Asklepios, Apis, Delphos, etc.

Attributes

 

Lyre Silver bow. Golden sword.

Worship and Epithets

His worship was around widely around Greek. He was called Khrysaor, Lykios, Korinthus, Perniphous, etc.

Ares

  

Myth Family Attributes Worship and Epithets

Myth of Ares

 

God of war and heroes. Was the most hated god. By order of his mother, he made all lands rejected Leto, Artemis’ mother and secret lover of Zeus. He was caught by Hephaistus had an affair with his wife. He always got in trouble with Hercules.

Family of Ares

 

Mother : Hera Father : Zeus Sister : Eris, Hebe, and Hephaetus Lovers : Aphrodite, Eos, Demonike, Persephone, etc. Children : Phobos, Deimos, Harmonia, Eros, Nike, etc.

Attributes

 

Chariot. Spear, shield, armors. Eagle owl, barn owl, Poisonous snake, vulture, and woodpecker were his sacred animals.

Worship and Epithets

His worship was around widely around South, Central, North Greece and Central Italy. His Roman Equivalent was Mars. He was called Theritas, Hipius, Oxis, Thoos, etc.

Artemis

  

Myth Family Attributes Worship and Epithets

Myth of Artemis
   

 

Goddess of hunting, wild animals, fertility, maidens, moon, songs and dances of maidens. Was one of three eternal virgin goddesses. Turned Aktaion into a deer because saw her bathing. Accidentally killed her most beloved attendant Kalisto who was exiled by her. Killed two giants who tried to kidnap her and Hera. Used to have a lover, Orion, but then murdered by her protective brother. Form a Moon Goddesses Triad with Selene and Hecate.

Family of Artemis

 

Mother : Leto Father : Zeus Brother : Apollo

Attributes

   

Golden bow and arrows. Spears. Moon crown. Net for fishing. Hunting dogs, deers, hawk, boars, bears are sacred to her. Palm, Cypress, Asphodel, etc. were her sacred trees.

Worship and Epithets

 

Her worship was around widely around Greece, Spain, Italy, and France. Chief Goddess of Amazonians and Hyperboreans. Her Roman Equivalent was Diana. She was called Lykeia, Khryselakatos, Parthenos Iokheira, Potnia Theron, Dyktinna, Kalisto, Basileis, Hekatos, etc.

Athena

  

Myth Family Attributes Worship and Epithets

Myth of Athena
   

 

Goddess of Wisdom, war, and craft. Was one of three eternal virgin goddesses. She accidentally killed her best friend, Pallas. She turned all crows from white to black because they’re couldn’t be trusted. Was being eaten by Zeus since she was predicted to throw him from his throne. She competed Poseidon to get the Athens City. She cursed the Gorgons to be snake haired.

Family of Athena

Mother : Metis Father : Zeus

Attributes

 

Spear Helmet Gorgon shield Craft kit

Worship and Epithets

Her worship was widely around Greece, Italy and Spain. She’s the chief Goddess of Athens. Her Roman Equivalent was Minerva. She was called Nike, Salpinx, Poliatis, Koryphagenes,etc.

Demeter

  

Myth Family Attributes Worship and Epithets

Myth of Demeter
 

Goddess of Plant and crops. She killed the crops and plants when Persephone was abducted by Hades. She taught human race to do plant and avoid war. She was the mother of Pegasus and Persephone. The changing of seasons was connected to her myth.

Family of Demeter

 

Mother : Rhea Father : Cronos Lovers : Poseidon, Zeus, Iaison, etc. Children : Ploutos, Persephone, Korybas, etc.

Attributes
 

 

Chariot pulled by Drakones. Torches (as a symbol of her searching her daughter). Sword or sickle. Palace. Snake, gecko, swine, and turtle are sacred animals to her. Poppy, mint, wheat, and barley are her sacred plants.

Worship and Epithets

Her worship was widely around Greece, Italy, other parts of Europe. Her Roman Equivalent was Ceres. She was called Chloe, Khtonia, Soteira, etc.

Dionysus

  

Myth Family Attributes Worship and Epithets

Myth of Dionysus
 

 

God of Wine, festivals, and drama. Born from Zeus’ thigh since his mother was consumed by Zeus’ thunder. He discovered wine. He could drive people mad and made them feel frenzy. He led the Indians on a war with Artemis.

Family of Dionysus

 

Mother : Semele Father : Zeus Lovers :

Attributes

 

Wine Grapes Festivals

Worship and Epithets

His worship was widely His Roman Equivalent was Bacchus. He was called

Hestia

  

Myth Family Attributes Worship and Epithets

Myth of Hestia

Goddess of Hearth, home and family. One of three eternal virgin goddess.

Family of Dionysus

 

Mother : Semele Father : Zeus Lovers :

Attributes

 

Wine Grapes Festivals

Worship and Epithets

His worship was widely His Roman Equivalent was Bacchus. He was called