You are on page 1of 14

Power Generation From Municipal Solid Wastes In India

Presented By: Poorvi M Parmar (BE II Electrical 42) Richa C Asarawala (BE II Electrical 03)

Contents          Introduction Fuel Pellets Test Analysis Of RDF Pellets Schematics of a waste to Energy Plant Technology Transfer RDF Plant .Energy Balance Advantage over Coal in Respect of Ash Contents Conclusion Reference .

Introduction  Quantum of energy in solid waste Coal substitutes.RDF pellets Increase in Quantity of Solid wastes   .

Fuel Pellets Characteristics of Fuel Pellets : Pelletisation (RDF) .

00% .30.18.Hydrogen: 5.0% .Without binder: 3500 – 3700 Kcal/Kg. length 8-40 mm 2.00% . Moisture: 10% (approx.00% . Ultimate analysis of RDF pellets .00% .20.00% .Sulphur: 0.7 MT per cu.3 gm per cc. Proximate Analysis of RDF Pellets .Moisture: 3. . Ash content: < 15% 6. (minimum) 5.00% .Moisture: 3.00% .25. Bulk density: 0.20% .50% .00% .00% . Calorific value: 4000 Kcal / Kg (minimum) 3.) 7.0 .0% .00% . Density: 1.00% .Fixed carbon : 12.Oxygen: 25.00% .50% .8.8.8.Mineral matter: 15.40.00% 8. Size: dia 8/20/30 mm. Fuel Pellets .0.00% .Nitrogen: 1.Volatile matter : 50.65.Characteristics of Fuel Pellets : 1.00% . Gross Calorific value .Ash content: 12.1.Carbon: 35.m.With binder: 4000 – 45000 Kcal/Kg. 4.00% 9.00% .

done at a testing and analytical laboratory in Mumbai.Test Analysis Of RDF Pellets A study.3% of plants employing RDF pellets instead of coal. points towards the fact that thermal energy cost would be reduced by 35% and boiler efficiency increased by 3. .

Schematics of a waste to Energy Plant .

A total economically viable one. The plant offered here. . the technology is now commercially offered for producing fuel pellets from municipal garbage .Technology Transfer  Based on the experience gained on the pilot project operations. is carefully engineered with equipment sourcing from within the country   The plant design would have to be tailored in accordance with the availability of quality and quantity of garbage from city to city.

Energy Balance  Energy output : Calorific value of RDF pellets 3600 – 4000 Kcal / kg.RDF Plant . 360 x 104 – 400 x 104 Kcal / MT (1MT= 860 Kcal)  Energy input : Electrical energy input 80 –90 KWh/MT of product  Energy output : 1046 / 80 – 1162 / 90 Energy input : 11 to 13  Development of Power Plant [1] 6 MW POWER PROJECT BASED ON MSW AT VIJAYVADA: [2] 6 MW POWER PROJECT BASED ON MSW AT HYDERABAD: .

6 MW POWER PROJECT BASED ON MSW AT VIJAYVADA .

6 MW POWER PROJECT BASED ON MSW AT HYDERABAD .

Thermal Energy Cost be reduced by 35% & the boiler efficiency would be increased by 3.   .3% for unit RDF pellet.Advantage over Coal in Respect of Ash Contents  4 to 5 Tons of MSW would be required to produce 1 Ton of RDF pellet. The Energy output is 10 to 15 times greater the energy input.

Conclusion The energy contents in MSW varies from season to season and city to city. . has been set up in India for the effective disposal and utilization of MSW and for providing thereby energy. This needs replication. employment and economic benefits to the society. A Refuse Derived Fuel (RDF) pellet plant at a pilot scale.

Switzerland. February 99. . IREDA. Switzerland. GNDU University. Inventions Intelligence. RDF Pellets are Energy Efficient than Coal. Geneva. 3. Energy from Refuse Derived Fuel Pellets. Proc. 1997. 2. Amritsar (India) 1996. New Delhi. February 4-7. R97 Proc.VI 180-84. Proc. 4. Energy from Household Garbage. 7(1) 1996. 238-243.V. R99. News. Vol. Pelletisation of Indian MSW. Pawan Sikka – Fuel from waste. New Delhi – July 1994. Geneva.References 1. Vol. 5. 3rd National Workshop.