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Environmental Policy, Legislation , Rules & Regulations

1972. • • • • • • National Environmental Policy Act Environmental Protection Act 1986 Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act 1981 The Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act 1974 The Wildlife (Protection) Act 1972 The Forest (Conservation) Act 1980 . On 5th June.environment was first discussed as an item of international agenda in the U.India is the one of the first country in the world to have made provisions for the protection and conservation of environment in its constitution. Conference on Human Environment in Stockholm and thereafter 5thJune is celebrated all over the world as World Environment Day.N. Soon after the conference our country took substantive legislative steps for environmental protection.

• Establishment of a Council On Environment Quality (CEQ) in the executive office of the President .Sections of NEPA • Declaration of National Environmental Policy and Goals • Establishment of action forcing provisions for federal agencies to enforce those policies.

liquid or gases substance present in such concentration as may be or tend to be injurious to environment. 1. all other living organisms and property. Environment includes water. property or environment.Environmental Protection Act 1986 The Act came into force on November 19. Hazardous substance means any substance or preparation which by its physicochemical properties or handling is liable to cause harm to human beings . Some terms related to environment have been described as follows in the Act. . other living organisms. The Act extends to whole of India. The environmental pollution means the presence of any solid. 2. 1986. 3. air and land and the interrelationship that exist among and between themand human beings.

• The Air Act has provisions for defining the constitution.Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act 1981 SALIENT FEATURES • Pollution control boards at the central or state level were made the regulatory authority. penalties and procedures. accounts. funds. power and function of Pollution Control Boards. • The PCB is a main regulatory body for establishment of certain industries . • Section 20 of the Act has provision for insuring emission standards for automobiles. • As per section 19 in consultation with the state pollution control board the state government may declare an area within the state as Air Pollution Control Area and can prohibit the use of any fuel other than approved fuel in the area causing air pollution. audit.

• The Act makes provisions for various penalties for the defaulters and procedure for the same.The Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution)Act 1974 SALIENT FEATURES • It provides for maintenance and restoration of quality of all types of surface and ground water. . budgets . • It provides for the establishment of Central and State Boards for pollution control. • The Act has provisions for funds. accounts and audit of the Central and State Pollution Control Boards. • It confers them with powers and functions to control pollution.

Charges differ on basis of pollutants introduced in the used water. 70% rebate offered to industries installing effluent treatment plant. .• • • • Consumption of water made chargeable. Charges based on type of usage Domestic / Industrial.

Protection to some endangered plants. possession . There is provision for trade and commerce in some wildlife species with license for sale. Under the Act. their powers. . The Act provides for setting up of National Parks . The Act provides for the constitution of Central Zoo Authority. The act imposes a ban on the trade or commerce in scheduled animals. Wildlife warden. Wildlife Sanctuaries etc. It provides for captive breeding programme for endangered species. transfer etc. It provides for the appointment of wildlife advisory Board.The Wildlife (Protection) Act 1972 • • • • • • • • • • SALIENT FEATURES It defines the wild-life related terminology. comprehensive listing of endangered wild life species was done for the first time and prohibition of hunting of the endangered species was mentioned. duties etc. It provides for legal powers to officers and punishment to offenders.

trench. If at all it wants to use it in any other way.g. • Any illegal non-forest activity within a forest area can be immediately stopped under this Act. fencing. • Some construction work in the forest for wildlife or forest management is exempted from non-forest activity (e. • It makes provision for conservation of all types of forests and for this purpose there is any Advisory committee which recommends funding for it to the Central Government.) • Any violation of the rules laid down by this act could lead to imprisonment or fine or both . making water-holes. check posts. pipelines. Non-forest activities include clearing of forest land for cultivation of any type of plants/crops or any other purpose (except reafforestation). wireless communication etc.SALIENT FEATURES • The State Government has been empowered under this Act to use the forests only for forestry purposes. it has to take prior approval of Central Government.

Pollution prevention. Transportation Processing and Disposal. : Landfill selection. Facilities and specification for waste disposal. Treatment and Incineration . : Composting. Segregation.• Schedule I • Schedule II • Schedule III • Schedule IV The Rules Comprise of four Schedules : Implementation and Facilities : Collection. Storage.

Treatment and Disposal : Color coding and container specification : Labels for Bio-Medical Waste Container Bags : Labels for transport of Bio-Medical waste : Standards for Treatment & Disposal : Time Scheduling for disposal .• • • • • • Schedule I Schedule II Schedule III Schedule IV Schedule V Schedule VI The Rules Comprise of Five Schedules : Waste categorization.

This legislation gives out rules • Defines responsibility of the occupier for handling of wastes. • Accident reporting and follow-up. • Inventory of disposal sites. • Granting of authorization for handling hazardous wastes. • Power to suspend or cancel an authorization. • Packaging. • Import of hazardous wastes . labeling and transport of hazardous wastes.