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Channel Institutions

BY: ISRAR AHMED

Distributor/Dealer/Stockists
A distributor is a wholesaler nominated by a company to most times exclusively redistribute the company products to all retailers and institutions in a designated territory

Distributor Management
A distributor is person appointed by a company who has responsibilities for:
Buying quantities of all products and pack sizes for redistribution Ensuring full market coverage Maintaining inventory Assisting company in all promotional efforts Helps in financing the operations

Need for a distributor


For entering a new town For additional coverage in the same town For replacing an existing distributor

Expectations from the distributor


Achieving sales targets Financial commitment Infrastructure Manpower Developing new markets Managing damage stocks Handling complaints Launch of new products

Selection of a distributor
Identify two or three appointments Background check Finding interest level Shortlist the final candidates

Selection of distributor
Identify two or three prospects for appointment

Background check

Finding out the interest level Shortlist the candidates Selection made on quantitative and qualitative factors

Criteria for selection


Qualitative Factors Willingness Eagerness Confidence Willingness to spend time in the market by the owner himself Willingness to abide company rules Quantitative Factors
Parameters Financial status Market standing Infrastructure Present business Market coverage Capability Weightage 50 15 10 05 05

Location
Involvement in business Total

10
05 100

Further Process
Security deposit Credit to be extended by the distributor Investment in inventory Investment in infrastructure Manpower Coverage of markets Developing rural markets

Outlet coverage
Width of distribution Depth of the distribution Merchandising

Functions
New accounts Institutional accounts Secondary sales and tracking Competition tracking Handling product promotions Managing damage stocks Attending to customer complaints Reimbursement of the cost of promotion to the distributor

Contd...
New product launch Motivational tools for distributor Categorisation of distributors

Performance Evaluation

Future of wholesaling in India


Companies efforts to eliminate the wholesalers More outlets like metro are encouraged Strict price control Coverage focus on retailers and institutions through their distributors

Contd.....
Positive Trends Companies still have limitations in their coverage Hundreds of companies who cannot afford own distribution networks Even book companies need wholesalers to get big sales volume Wholesalers extend credit to their customers Retailers have no choice but to visit wholesale markets