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Presented by – Deepti Jain
Trait Factor Factors
Factor theory represents a qualitative approach to the study of personality.
theory postulates that an individual’s personality is composed of definite pre dispositional, attributes called traits.
relatively enduring way in which one individual differ from other.What is a Trait???? A trait may be defined as any distinguishable. .
Traits are relatively stable and expert fairly universal effects on behavior regardless of environmental situations. .Assumptions of Trait Theory There are basically three assumptions of Trait Theory :Traits are common to many individuals and vary in absolute amount between individuals.
.Continue… Traits can be inferred from the measurement of behavioral indicators.
As per Allport 17953 traits make personality of an individual. . Using the factor analytical approach Cattel has identified two categories of traits and named them as – Surface Traits ( 30 traits) Source Traits (16 traits) Cattel further categorized them into 16 Primary Traits. These traits were found to be generally steady and constant source of behavior. These were confined in to 171 by Cattel.
Outgoing .Sixteen Primary Traits 1. Reserved vs.
More intelligent . Less intelligent vs.2.
Emotionally .3. Affected by Feelings stable vs.
Rule/ control over others . vs. Submissive Dominant Showing Characteristics of a Slave.4.
Happy -go- . Serious lucky vs.5.
Sense of right and wrong . Expedient Conscientious Want to achieve success anyhow vs.6.
Timid vs.7. Venturesome Showing Fear and lack of confidence Dare to do .
8. Easily affected by anything . Tough minded Sensitive Not easily affected vs.
Trusting Suspicious vs. .9.
10. Practical Imaginative vs. .
Forthright Shrewd Straight Forward vs. Cunning persons .11.
Self-assured Apprehensive Confident about their judgment vs.12. Worried and anxious .
Experimental . Conservative vs.13.
Group Dependent vs. Selfsufficient .14.
15. Controlled . Uncontrolled vs.
Relaxed Tense vs. .16.