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BSC3i Gb over IP presentation

BSC IP Connectivity 2007 Dallas Use Slide show mode

Customer Confidential 1 Nokia Siemens Networks

IP Training/Timo Eloranta

Content
BSC IP introduction Redundancy models VLAN Spanning tree L2 and L3 technologies Gb over IP troubleshooting

Customer Confidential 2 Nokia Siemens Networks

IP training 2007/Timo Eloranta

IP connectivity in Mobile Networks


BSC Site Architecture conforms with Controller/Core Site Architecture in IP Connectivity in Mobile Networks solution description. BSC Site IP Connectivity Guidelines documentation presents BSC solution.
NetAct BSC site
= L2/L3 site switch

= IP/Ethernet = IP/SDH or PDH


= site edge router

BSC IP Backbone
GGSN

BSC

GGSN Other IP NE

BSC BSC MSC

SGSN

Core site

BSC site
Customer Confidential 3 Nokia Siemens Networks IP training 2007/Timo Eloranta

BSC3i IP architecture
Ethernet interfaces in BSC 3i

O&M Lb/SMLC BBI/BSC-BSC A (signaling) Gb over IP LDI

Customer Confidential 4 Nokia Siemens Networks

IP training 2007/Timo Eloranta

BSC IP interfaces (related to Gb over IP)


BSC
OMU SWUs
FTP TCP Telnet

O&M
NetAct Cluster
SNMP/TFTP/DHC P

IP ETHERNET

O&M

UDP

TELNE T TCP

Q3
O&M
BSSGP NS

MCMUs

IP ETHERNET

LDI
LAN Device Integration PCUs Gb Over IP

UDP IP ETHERNET

Gb
Internet Protocol (RFC 791) Internet Protocol, version 6 (RFC 2460)

SGSN

DNS
DNS server
Customer Confidential 5 Nokia Siemens Networks

Transmission Control Protocol (RFC 793) User Datagram Protocol (RFC 768) Stream Control Transmission Protocol (RFC 2960) Ethernet (IEEE 802.3)

IP training 2007/Timo Eloranta

Communication Network: CPULAN and PCULAN BSC3i 660


BSC3i CPULAN
SWU-0 OMU OMU OMU MCMU MCMU MCMU BCSU BCSU BCSU

BSC IP Site

Backbone

SWU-1 Spanning Virtual gateway Routing protocol

IP backbone

PCULAN
PCU PCU PCU SWU-2

tree

Site Edge Routers/Switches e.g. Cisco 6500, 7200 or 7600 series L2/L3 Site Switches e.g. Cisco 3550/3750

SWU-3

L2 Switch ESB20-A / ESB26


Customer Confidential 6 Nokia Siemens Networks IP training 2007/Timo Eloranta

BSC3i 1000, SWU0-5 BSC3i 1000, SWU0-5

Content
BSC IP introduction Redundancy models VLAN Spanning tree L2 and L3 technologies Gb over IP troubleshooting

Customer Confidential 7 Nokia Siemens Networks

IP training 2007/Timo Eloranta

Interface Redundancy
UNIT-n (WOEX) Logical & carrier sense active 172.16.2.2

carrier sense backup (172.16.2.2)

Interface redundancy may be used to backup IP address assigned for Ethernet or VLAN interfaces inside the same computer unit. In a case physical link fails, a Carrier Sense IP address is quickly moved to the back-up interface and a gratuitous ARP is broadcasted to advertise the MAC address of the new active interface. Status changes at the physical link are detected by device interrupt and the redundant IP address switchover is therefore nearly transparent action for IP user applications; meaning redundant IP addressing switchover has no effect on established TCP/IP connections. The interface redundancy is used in OMU and PCU.

Customer Confidential 8 Nokia Siemens Networks

IP training 2007/Timo Eloranta

Logical IP addressing
UNIT-1 (SP)-> (WO)

UNIT-0 (WO)-> (TE/SP) Logical & carrier sense active 172.16.2.2

carrier sense backup (172.16.2.2)

Logical & carrier sense active 172.16.2.2

carrier sense backup (172.16.2.2)

Logical IP addressing based redundancy model may be used to hide internal failover actions and remain serving IP address as the same for the remote peer-end application over the local unit switchover. Notice that only the IP address is able to remain over unit switchover and all existing IP connections are lost since the TCP/IP stack and local IP applications of DX200 are not warmed and not able to move established connections from the failing unit to the another working one. The logical IP addressing is used in PCU.

Customer Confidential 9 Nokia Siemens Networks

IP training 2007/Timo Eloranta

Spanning Tree Protocol


Spanning tree opens the shortest and the fastest path to backbone Port roles (root, designated, alternate, backup), Port states (Discarding, Learning, Forwarding) Prevention of network loops
IP backbone
Site switch-1 Site

IP backbone

switch-2

MSTP

MSTP

SWU-2

SWU-3

SWU-2

SWU-3

PCU
Customer Confidential 10 Nokia Siemens Networks IP training 2007/Timo Eloranta

PCU

Multiple Spanning Tree (MSTP)


SWU:
! Protocol configuration: ! protocol ! ! MSTP configuration: ! mstp enable ! mstp name BSC_Plat instance 0 vlan 1-99,101-199,201-4094 instance 1 vlan 100 instance 2 vlan 200 interface 1/1/22 name gb mstp edge-port default vlan 800 ! interface 1/1/23 name cisco0 duplex-speed full-1000 mstp link-type point-to-point

Site Switch:
spanning-tree mode mst spanning-tree extend system-id ! spanning-tree mst configuration name BSC_Plat revision 1 instance 1 vlan 100

instance 2 vlan 200


spanning-tree mst 0-1 priority 24576 spanning-tree mst 2 priority 28672 interface GigabitEthernet1/0/3

description swu0_BSC1
switchport trunk encapsulation dot1q switchport trunk allowed vlan 100 switchport mode trunk switchport nonegotiate duplex full

speed 100
spanning-tree link-type point-to-point

Customer Confidential 11 Nokia Siemens Networks

IP training 2007/Timo Eloranta

Rapid Spanning Tree (RSTP)


Site Switch:
spanning-tree mode mst spanning-tree extend system-id ! spanning-tree mst configuration name BSCsite revision 1 ! spanning-tree mst 0 priority 24576 interface GigabitEthernet1/0/3 description swu0_BSC1 switchport trunk encapsulation dot1q switchport trunk allowed vlan 100

SWU:
! Protocol configuration: ! protocol ! ! RSTP configuration: ! rapid-spanning-tree enable ! interface 1/1/22 name gb rapid-spanning-tree edge-port default vlan 800 ! interface 1/1/23 name cisco0 duplex-speed full-1000

switchport mode trunk


switchport nonegotiate duplex full speed 100 spanning-tree link-type point-to-point

Customer Confidential 12 Nokia Siemens Networks

IP training 2007/Timo Eloranta

Virtual Gateway
Virtual Gateway works by the exchange of multicast messages that advertise priority among configured routers. When the active router fails to send a hello message within a configurable period of time, the standby router with the highest priority takes the virtual address and becomes the active router. Cisco has own Cisco Specific Hot Standby Routing Protocol (HSRP) for router redundancy.
IP backbone IP backbone

Site switch-1

HSRP

Site switch-2

HSRP HSRP

Virtual Gateway

Virtual Gateway

SWU-2

SWU-3

SWU-2

SWU-3

PCU
Customer Confidential 13 Nokia Siemens Networks

Default gateway

Same IP address

Default gateway

PCU

IP training 2007/Timo Eloranta

Virtual gateway (HSRP)


BSC:
ZQKB; LOADING PROGRAM VERSION 4.18-0 BSC3i BSC1 2007-09-03 11:28:25

INTERROGATED STATIC ROUTES UNIT ------------------BCSU-0 -PCU2D-3 BCSU-0 -PCU2D-4 BCSU-0 -PCU2D-5 BCSU-0 -PCU2D-6 COMMAND EXECUTED DESTINATION -----------------DEFAULT ROUTE DEFAULT ROUTE DEFAULT ROUTE DEFAULT ROUTE GATEWAY ADDRESS -----------------10.16.137.129 10.16.137.129 10.16.137.129 10.16.137.129 ROUTE TYPE ----LOG LOG LOG LOG NBR ---------2 3 4 5

Site Switch:
interface Vlan100 description gb

ip address 10.16.137.130 255.255.255.192


no ip proxy-arp standby 2 ip 10.16.137.129 standby 2 timers msec 500 2 standby 2 preempt delay minimum 60 !
Customer Confidential 14 Nokia Siemens Networks IP training 2007/Timo Eloranta

Site Switch IP, VLAN subnet


virtual gateway address failure supervision returning from failure

EtherChannel
Ciscos EtherChannel allows to bundle identical physical ports together to form one logical port. IEEE 802.3ad uses term Link Aggregation Group for the same functionality, also called port or link trunking.

SWU GSR
EtherChannel Trunking Gigabit Ethernet x 2

SWU

Customer Confidential 15 Nokia Siemens Networks

IP training 2007/Timo Eloranta

Backbone routing protocols


With routing protocols (e.g. Open Shortest Path First (OSPF)) the alternative routes to the service are advertised. Using the routing protocols neighbouring routers discover link failures and are able to route traffic to the surviving links .
IP backbone

IP backbone
Site switch-1 Site switch-2

OSPF

OSPF

SWU-2

SWU-3

SWU-2

SWU-3

PCU

PCU

Customer Confidential 16 Nokia Siemens Networks

IP training 2007/Timo Eloranta

Redundancies overall
Redundant IP backbone may provide different IP path for sent and received IP packet. MSTP manages ports in the switches and opens the best path between assigned IFETH and L2/L3 switch. Switchover from root to alternate port takes 200 ms (even 100ms) Virtual Gateway address HSRP switchover takes 1-5 seconds by tuned timers (L2 recovery takes 100200ms)
MSTP

SGSN
IP backbone
HSRP gateway MSTP instance Gb

Site Switch 2 MSTP ROOT 1 Interface change Site Switch Site Switch 2 failure failure

ROOT

SWU-2

SWU-3

Site Switch, ESB and Backbone redundancies (HW) Interface redundance and
Logical interface PCU
IP packet

Customer Confidential 17 Nokia Siemens Networks

IP training 2007/Timo Eloranta

Content
BSC IP introduction Redundancy models VLAN Spanning tree L2 and L3 technologies Gb over IP troubleshooting

Customer Confidential 18 Nokia Siemens Networks

IP training 2007/Timo Eloranta

BSC3i 660 CPULAN, ESB20-A


Site

All VLANs tagged in TRUNKs


1 or 2

Site switch-2

switch-1

10/100BASE-T/Tx Fast Ethernets 1 or 2 19 19 20 9 10 11 12

Exception:
Lb-1 and -2 tagged
9 10 11 12

SWU-0ESB20-A in MCMU-020
13 14 15 16 17

SWU-1
13 14

ESB20-A in MCMU-1

18

15

16

17

18

Untagged
0

MCMU-0 MCMU-1
Lb-1 VLAN Lb-2 VLAN Lb-1 VLAN Lb-2 VLAN

OMU
O&M

BCSU-0 BCSU-1 BCSU-2 BCSU-3 BCSU-4 BCSU-5 BCSU-6


A/BBI-1 VLAN A/BBI-2 VLAN A/BBI-1 VLAN A/BBI-2 VLAN A/BBI-1 VLAN A/BBI-2 VLAN A/BBI-1 VLAN A/BBI-2 A/BBI-1 VLAN A/BBI-2 VLAN A/BBI-1 VLAN A/BBI-2 A/BBI-1 VLAN A/BBI-2

VLAN

VLAN

VLAN

VLAN

Customer Confidential 19 Nokia Siemens Networks

IP training 2007/Timo Eloranta

BSC3i 660 PCULAN, ESB20-A


Gb VLAN tagged in TRUNKs
10/100BASE-T/Tx Fast Ethernets 1 or 2 19 19 20 1 or 2

Site switch-1

Site switch-2

SWU-2
5
6 7 8 9

ESB20-A in MCMU-0 20

SWU-3
6 7 8 9

ESB20-A in MCMU-1

10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18

10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18

Untagged
PCU PCU 4/3 Gb
BCSU-0 VLAN

PCU 6/5

PCU 4/3

PCU 6/5 Gb

PCU 4/3

PCU 6/5 Gb

PCU 4/3

PCU 6/5

PCU 4/3 Gb

PCU 6/5

PCU 4/3

PCU 6/5

PCU 4/3

6/5

Gb
BCSU-1

Gb
BCSU-5

Gb
BCSU-6

VLAN

BCSU-2

VLAN

BCSU-3

VLAN

BCSU-4

VLAN

VLAN

VLAN

Customer Confidential 20 Nokia Siemens Networks

IP training 2007/Timo Eloranta

VLAN configuration SWU


Create vlan and add ports to the vlan
vlan create gb config gb add ports add ports add ports 100 1/1/1,1/1/2,1/1/19,1/1/20 tagged trunk ports, egress rule 1/1/5-1/1/18 untagged host ports default 1/1/5-1/1/18 ingress rule

Default vlan for untagged Host port


interface 1/1/10 name gb mstp edge-port default vlan 100 ingress rule

Default vlan is not needed for tagged host port (Lb)


interface 1/1/10 name lb-1 mstp edge-port

Customer Confidential 21 Nokia Siemens Networks

IP training 2007/Timo Eloranta

VLAN configuration Site Switch


VLAN introduction in Site Switch
interface Vlan100 description gb ip address 10.1.4.2 255.255.255.192 no ip proxy-arp standby 1 ip 10.1.4.1 standby 1 priority 100 standby 1 timers msec 500 2 standby 1 preempt delay minimum 60

Set the VLAN to be allowed in uplink


interface GigabitEthernet1/0/2 description swu2 switchport trunk encapsulation dot1q switchport trunk allowed vlan 11,100 ingress and egress rules switchport mode trunk switchport nonegotiate duplex full speed 100 spanning-tree link-type point-to-point

Customer Confidential 22 Nokia Siemens Networks

IP training 2007/Timo Eloranta

Gb over IP (BSC site) / IP addresses


1 subnet for each BSC, which includes following IP addresses:
1 address for each PCU (LOG) 1 address for PCU GW (HSRP for Gb VLAN) 1 address for Site Switch 1 (Gb VLAN) 1 address for Site Switch 2 (Gb VLAN)
1 or 2 19 19 20 5 6 7 8 9

L2/L3 switch - 1
GW-1 GW HSRP

L2/L3 switch - 2
GW-2

1 or 2

SWU-2
5 6 7 8 9

ESB20-A in MCMU-0 20

SWU-3

ESB20-A in MCMU-1

10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18

10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18

IP PCU 6/5 GW

IP PCU GW 4/3

PCU IP 6/5 GW

PCU IP 4/3 GW

IP PCU 6/5 GW

IP PCU GW 4/3

PCU IP 6/5 GW

IP PCU 4/3 GW

PCU IP 6/5 GW

PCU IP 4/3 GW

IP PCU GW 6/5

IP PCU GW 4/3

IP PCU GW 6/5

IP PCU GW 4/3

BCSU-0

BCSU-1

BCSU-2

BCSU-3

BCSU-4

BCSU-5

BCSU-6

Customer Confidential 23 Nokia Siemens Networks

IP training 2007/Timo Eloranta

Gb subnet allocation
BSC type PCU units 8 16 24 Site routers TOTAL Subnet mask examples and Virtual gateway 3 11 /28 == 14 addresses 3 3 3 3 19 27 53 103 /27 == 30 addresses /27 == 30 addresses /26 == 62 addresses /25 == 126 addresses Ending address 10.255.255.255 172.16.255.255 192.168.255.255

BSC BSC2i BSC3i 660

BSC3i 1000 50 BSC3i 2000 100 Private IP Address Block 10.0.0.0/8 172.16.0.0/12 192.168.0.0/16
Customer Confidential 24 Nokia Siemens Networks

Starting address 10.0.0.0 172.16.0.0 192.168.0.0


IP training 2007/Timo Eloranta

Subnet allocation example for Gb VLAN


Gb VLAN example in BSC3i 1000
Gb VLAN SUBNET HSRP Site Switch-1 Site Switch-2 PCU-0 PCU-1 PCU-nn IP addresses 10.8.228.128-192/26 10.8.228.130 10.8.228.131 10.8.228.132 10.8.228.133 10.8.228.134 10.8.228.1xx

Customer Confidential 25 Nokia Siemens Networks

IP training 2007/Timo Eloranta

Content
BSC IP introduction Redundancy models VLAN Spanning tree L2 and L3 technologies Gb over IP troubleshooting

Customer Confidential 26 Nokia Siemens Networks

IP training 2007/Timo Eloranta

Rapid STP (RSTP)


One spanning tree for
switches Fast re-calculation of loops Why RSTP concept?
MSTP
ROOT

IP backbone

Easy to configure
Why not
Site Switch redundance is not able to
use efficiently
SWU-0 SWU-1
RSTP RSTP RSTP RSTP

SWU-2

SWU-3

MCMU LDI

PCU Gb

Customer Confidential 27 Nokia Siemens Networks

IP training 2007/Timo Eloranta

Multiple STP (MSTP)


Enables VLANs to be
grouped into a spanning-tree instance; supports multiple instances Why MSTP concept?
MSTP
ROOT (instance 0)
LDI

IP backbone

MSTP
ROOT (instance 1) O&M, Lb-1, A/BBI-1I

MSTP
ROOT (inctance 2) Gb, Lb-2, A/BBI-2

Multiple uplink paths. Site Switch


redundance can be used.
MSTP MSTP MSTP MSTP MSTP MSTP

Why not
Sensitive configuration. Spanning tree
configuration shall be identical in the switches.

SWU-0

SWU-1

SWU-2

SWU-3

LDI

CPU
O&M Lb-1 A/BBI-1 Lb-2 A/BBI-2

PCU Gb

Customer Confidential 28 Nokia Siemens Networks

IP training 2007/Timo Eloranta

MSTP for Gb instance IP paths in Gb over IP


VLANs Gb VLAN Site switch - 1
MSTP instance Gb

MSTP port roles


Port open to root Port open

ROOT

forwarding IP backbone DESIGNATED

forwarding
DESIGNATED forwarding

L2/L3

MSTP

switch - 1 ROOT

Port blocked

Gb in TRUNK

and ALTERNATE discarding

1 or 2 MSTP 19 19 20 5 6 7 8 9

1 or 2 MSTP

SWU-2
20

SWU-3
10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18

10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18

PCU 6/5

PCU 4/3

PCU
6/5

PCU 4/3

PCU 6/5

PCU 4/3

PCU 6/5

PCU 4/3

PCU 6/5

PCU 4/3

PCU 6/5

PCU 4/3

PCU 6/5

PCU 4/3

BCSU-0

BCSU-1

BCSU-2

BCSU-3

BCSU-4

BCSU-5

BCSU-6

Customer Confidential 29 Nokia Siemens Networks

IP training 2007/Timo Eloranta

MSTP for Gb instance (1/2) Site Switch-2 failure


VLANs Gb VLAN
MSTP Site instance Gb ROOT

MSTP port roles


Port open to root Port

ROOT

forwarding

IP backbone DESIGNATED
forwarding DESIGNATED forwarding

open

switch - 1

instance Gb

L2/L3

MSTP

switch - 1 ROOT

Port blocked

Gb in TRUNK

and ALTERNATE discarding

1 or 2 MSTP 19 19 20 5 6 7 8 9

1 or 2 MSTP

SWU-2
20

SWU-3
10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18

10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18

PCU 6/5

PCU 4/3

PCU
6/5

PCU 4/3

PCU 6/5

PCU 4/3

PCU 6/5

PCU 4/3

PCU 6/5

PCU 4/3

PCU 6/5

PCU 4/3

PCU 6/5

PCU 4/3

BCSU-0

BCSU-1

BCSU-2

BCSU-3

BCSU-4

BCSU-5

BCSU-6

Customer Confidential 30 Nokia Siemens Networks

IP training 2007/Timo Eloranta

MSTP for Gb instance (2/2) Site Switch-1 failure


VLANs Gb VLAN Site switch - 1
MSTP instance Gb

MSTP port roles


Port open to root Port open

ROOT forwarding

IP backbone DESIGNATED
forwarding
DESIGNATED forwarding

L2/L3

MSTP

switch - 1 ROOT

Port blocked

Gb in TRUNK

and ALTERNATE discarding

1 or 2 MSTP 19 19 20 5 6 7 8 9

1 or 2 MSTP

SWU-2
20

SWU-3
10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18

10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18

PCU 6/5

PCU 4/3

PCU
6/5

PCU 4/3

PCU 6/5

PCU 4/3

PCU 6/5

PCU 4/3

PCU 6/5

PCU 4/3

PCU 6/5

PCU 4/3

PCU 6/5

PCU 4/3

BCSU-0

BCSU-1

BCSU-2

BCSU-3

BCSU-4

BCSU-5

BCSU-6

Customer Confidential 31 Nokia Siemens Networks

IP training 2007/Timo Eloranta

Content
BSC IP introduction Redundancy models VLAN MSTP Site Solution L2 and L3 technologies Gb over IP troubleshooting

Customer Confidential 32 Nokia Siemens Networks

IP training 2007/Timo Eloranta

Multilayer Switching
Multilayer switching is simply the combination of traditional Layer 2 switching with Layer 3 routing in a single product. Multilayer switch allows to isolate L2 issues (MSTP) from the rest of the network.
L2 L3 SWU L2/L3 Router

MSTP

OSPF

Customer Confidential 33 Nokia Siemens Networks

IP training 2007/Timo Eloranta

IP Site Connectivity: L2 and L3


CPU PCU ESB Multilayer Site Switch
L3 (routing) IP host L2 (switching) L2 (switching)
IP backbone
L3 (e.g. OSPF)

IP backbone L2 (VLAN + e.g. MSTP)

SWU-2#show mac-address-table ===============+======================+===============+===========+==========+ # | 9 | 10 | VID 0101 0101 | | | Mac 00:40:43:e3:d0:8e 00:40:43:e3:d0:90 | | | PORT 1/1/10 1/1/10 | | | STATUS dynamic dynamic | PRIORITY | | 0 | 0 | |

----+----------+----------------------+---------------+-----------+----------+

S6_app_plat_C0#SHow MAC-address-table Mac Address Table ------------------------------------------Vlan ---101 101 Mac Address ----------0040.43e3.d08e 0040.43e3.d090 Type -------DYNAMIC DYNAMIC Ports ----Gi1/0/4 Gi1/0/4

S6_app_plat_C0#SHow IP ROUte OSPF 10.0.0.0/8 is variably subnetted, 101 subnets, 6 masks O O 10.16.154.128/26 [110/3] via 10.16.176.250, 2w0d, GigabitEthernet1/0/52 10.16.155.128/26 [110/3] via 10.16.176.250, 2w0d, GigabitEthernet1/0/52

Customer Confidential 34 Nokia Siemens Networks

IP training 2007/Timo Eloranta

Switching principle
IP Packet L2/L3 switch - 1 L2/L3 MAC TABLE (in Site-1) switch - 2
Gb PORT
Gb PORT 1 5 MAC SITE-1 FF PCU 1 or 2 19 19 20 5 6 7 8 9 4

MAC TABLE (in SWU-2)

MAC
-

4
1 or 2

PCU
-

18
19/20

PCU
FF

SWU-2
7 8 9

ESB20-A in MCMU-0 20

SWU-3

ESB20-A in MCMU-1

10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18

10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18

IP PCU 6/5 GW

IP PCU GW 4/3

PCU IP 6/5 GW

PCU IP 4/3 GW

IP PCU 6/5 GW

IP PCU GW 4/3

PCU IP 6/5 GW

IP PCU 4/3 GW

PCU IP 6/5 GW

PCU IP 4/3 GW

IP PCU GW 6/5

IP PCU GW 4/3

IP PCU GW 6/5

IP PCU GW 4/3

BCSU-0

BCSU-1

BCSU-2

BCSU-3

BCSU-4

BCSU-5

BCSU-6

Customer Confidential 35 Nokia Siemens Networks

IP training 2007/Timo Eloranta

L2 IP Backbone
NOT RECOMMENDED IP storms are known threat in switching backbones. NetAct
2
IP subnet for PCUs and HSRP Gb-3
VLAN

BSC

MSTP

VLAN
Unique in MSTP region

IP subnet
Unique in backbone

1 MSTP ROOT

1 region

10.16.130/26 10.16.131/26 10.16.132/26 10.20.100/26

3
MSTP

BSC-1 IP (L2) Backbone


Gb-1
VLAN

MSTP ROOT

GGSN

BSC-2
Gb-2
VLAN

MSTP Gb-4 IP subnet


VLAN

GGSN Other IP NE

for PCUs and

BSC-4
IP subnet for PCUs and HSRP

BSC-3

HSRP

MSC

SGSN

Customer Confidential 36 Nokia Siemens Networks

IP training 2007/Timo Eloranta

Routing principle
IP address routing Each router knows neighbour
subnets and accessing gateway
NetAct

IP ROUTING TABLE (BSC-1)


IP ROUTE Core subnets via core gateway 1 IP ROUTE O&M subnet via O&M gateway
Port

IP ROUTING TABLE (CORE)


IP ROUTE Core subnets via bsc-1 site gateway IP ROUTE O&M subnet via O&M gateway
2
Port

IP
Packet BSC-1 IP (L3) Backbone
GGSN

BSC-2

GGSN Other IP NE

BSC-4 BSC-3 MSC SGSN

Customer Confidential 37 Nokia Siemens Networks

IP training 2007/Timo Eloranta

L3 IP Backbone
BSC RECOMMENDED BACKBONE NetAct
2
IP subnet for PCUs and HSRP Gb
VLAN

MSTP

VLAN
Unique in MSTP region

IP subnet
Unique in backbone

1 2&3

1 region 2&3 region 2&3 region

10.16.130/26 10.16.131/26 10.16.132/26 10.20.100/26

3
MSTP 1

Core

Core region

BSC-1 IP (L3) Backbone


Gb-1
VLAN

MSTP Core

GGSN

MSTP

BSC-2
Gb-2
VLAN

2&3 Gb IP subnet
VLAN

GGSN Other IP NE

for PCUs and

BSC-4
IP subnet for PCUs and HSRP

BSC-3

HSRP

MSC

SGSN

Customer Confidential 38 Nokia Siemens Networks

IP training 2007/Timo Eloranta

Content
BSC IP introduction Redundancy models VLAN Spanning tree L2 and L3 technologies Gb over IP troubleshooting Example of customer problems Interface down Capacity throughput problem What next?

Customer Confidential 39 Nokia Siemens Networks

IP training 2007/Timo Eloranta

Customer case Communication network problems


Our testing has shown that pure Rapid Spanning Tree does not work or does have interoperability issues between Nokia ESB 20 A and CISCO 7609. Unfortunately there is no configurations guideline, where the dependencies have been described. Customer expect to get a clear interoperability Guideline regarding CISCO 7609 and Nokia Switches ESB 20 A. Furthermore Nokia has to show the convergence time for the Swap of the virtual connection from System testing Point of view! Problem categories: Gb over IP is not working Gb over IP is working, but recovery time is too long Gb over IP is working, but management access is missing
Customer Confidential 40 Nokia Siemens Networks IP training 2007/Timo Eloranta

Communication network ESB-3 management access is missing


BSC3i
no-STP

CPULAN
SWU-0

PVST ROOT

O&M OMU O&M backbone


no-STP

LDI MCMU

SWU-1

RSTP ROOT
PCU PCU PCU

PCULAN

LDI/SWU-3 problem PVST

RSTP SWU-2 LOOP

PVST
SWU-3

IP backbone

RSTP
L2 Switch ESB20-A / ESB26
Customer Confidential 41 Nokia Siemens Networks IP training 2007/Timo Eloranta

Communication Network Service breaks is Gb over IP


BSC3i
no-STP

CPULAN
SWU-0

PVST LOOP

PVST ROOT

O&M OMU O&M backbone


no-STP

LDI MCMU

SWU-1

RSTP ROOT
PCU PCU PCU

PCULAN
PVST
SWU-2

Gb problem PVST
SWU-3

IP backbone

RSTP
L2 Switch ESB20-A / ESB26
Customer Confidential 42 Nokia Siemens Networks IP training 2007/Timo Eloranta

Gb over IP Recovery time too long


BSC3i
no-STP

PVST ROOT

CPULAN
SWU-0

O&M OMU
no-STP

O&M backbone

MSTP Cisco

LDI MCMU

SWU-1

RSTP ROOT
PCU PCU PCU

PCULAN
SWU-2

MSTP
Cisco

IP backbone

SWU-3 Recovery time after interface shutdown is over 30 sec

RSTP
L2 Switch ESB20-A / ESB26
Customer Confidential 43 Nokia Siemens Networks IP training 2007/Timo Eloranta

Customer comment: It can be stated, that the Time converges to 33 sec which is not RSTP, where couple of 100 msec are expected!

Spanning tree problem Too long recovery


Spanning tree settings in Site Switch
spanning-tree mode mst spanning-tree portfast bpduguard default spanning-tree backbonefast spanning-tree vlan 1-900 priority 32728 ! spanning-tree mst configuration instance 1 vlan 89 ! spanning-tree mst 1 priority 24576
! protocol rapid-spanning-tree enable rapid-spanning-tree priority 45056

Spanning tree settings in ESB


! Protocol configuration:

!
! VLAN configuration: ! vlan create userplane 89

RSTP

is compliant only with instance 0

config userplane

Recovery based on STP

add ports 1/1/1,1/1/19,1/1/20 tagged


add ports 1/1/7,1/1/9,1/1/11 untagged

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NSN recommendation, how to proceed


BSC3i CPULAN
MSTP
SWU-0

PVST ROOT

O&M OMU O&M backbone MSTP LDI MCMU


SWU-1

L3
MSTP

PCULAN
MSTP
PCU PCU PCU SWU-2

MSTP
SWU-3

IP backbone

Gb root

MSTP
L2 Switch ESB20-A / ESB26
Customer Confidential 45 Nokia Siemens Networks IP training 2007/Timo Eloranta

Content
BSC IP introduction Redundancy models VLAN MSTP Site Solution L2 and L3 technologies Gb over IP troubleshooting Example of customer problems Interface down Capacity throughput problem What next?

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Gb over IP troubleshooting Instruction steps for Interface down problem


Problem description Step (1) Local host connectivity Step (2) Remote host and gateway connectivity Step (3) ESB port states

Step (4) MSTP port roles


Step (5) MSTP failure Step (6) VLAN Step (7) Testing

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Gb over IP interface is down Symptoms


A problem with IP transport may often manifest itself as an application level transmission failure. BSC application alarms may be raised. The supervision recognizes that there is problem in IP transport when the periodically requested remote host (IP address) becomes unreachable. When the response is missing, and the application fails because of a link failure, there is reason to suspect a problem in IP transport. BSC application alarm for Gb is the following: 3025 NETWORK SERVICE VIRTUAL CONNECTION TEST PROCEDURE FAILED in the Gb interface.

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Gb over IP interface is down Active alarms


BSC9 BCSU-0 SWITCH 2007-09-04 ** ALARM BCSU-0 1A003-00 PCU2_D-7 (0399) 3019 NETWORK SERVICE ENTITY UNAVAILABLE 0E 0B8E FF
NSEI 02958

13:10:57.89

BSC9 BCSU-0 SWITCH 2007-09-04 13:10:57.89 * ALARM BCSU-0 1A003-00 PCU2_D-7 (0398) 3020 NETWORK SERVICE VIRTUAL CONNECTION UNAVAILABLE 0E 0B8E FF 0B8E FFFF 04 0A 10 90 49 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 E875
NSEI

BSC9 BCSU-0 SWITCH 2007-09-04 13:10:57.89 * ALARM BCSU-0 1A003-00 PCU2_D-7 (0397) 3025 NETWORK SERVICE VIRTUAL CONNECTION TEST PROCEDURE FAILED 0E 0B8E FF 0B8E FFFF 0A 10 90 49 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 E875
NSEI 02958 IP address 10.16.144.73

02958

STATIC CONFIGURED NS-VL(S):


OP ID NAME REMOTE REMOTE UDP PORT 59509 STATE RDW RSW IP ADDRESS BL-SY 200 200 10.16.144.73

----- ---------- ----- --- --- --------------- -------02958 PET5_NS24

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Gb over IP interface is down Possible causes


There are several possible causes: The IP backbone router and/or the remote host cannot be reached. Multilayer site switches, switching unit(s), or the local host cannot be reached because of problems in the Spanning Tree Protocol (STP) or Virtual Local Area Network (VLAN) configurations.

PAPU

IP backbone

Site Switch-1

Site

?
?

Switch-2

? SWU-2

SWU-3

?
PCU
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Gb over IP troubleshooting Instruction steps for Interface down problem


Problem description

Step (1) Local host connectivity


Step (2) Remote host and gateway connectivity Step (3) ESB port states Step (4) MSTP port roles Step (5) MSTP failure

Step (6) VLAN


Step (7) Testing

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Instructions, step 1-1 Local host connectivity


Check the PCU host connectivity Problem may be in IP address
configuration and the address state
IP backbone PAPU

Site Switch-1

Site Switch-2

SWU-2

SWU-3

?
PCU
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Instructions, step 1-2 IP address state


Check if the IP address of the host port is assigned (YES) and its administrative state UP.
QRI:BCSU,0:; BSC3i BSC9 2007-09-02 16:18:55

INTERROGATING NETWORK INTERFACE DATA ADDR ADM UNIT NAME IP ADDRESS TYPE NML ASSIGNED STATE ------------------ -------- --------------- ---- --- -------- ----BCSU-0 EL0 10.16.140.84 L 28 YES UP EL1 10.16.140.100 L 28 YES UP -PCU2D- 3 IFETH0 10.16.140.132 L 25 YES UP -PCU2D- 3 IFETH1 10.16.140.132 L 25 NO UP -PCU2D- 4 IFETH0 10.16.140.133 L 25 YES UP -PCU2D- 4 IFETH1 10.16.140.133 L 25 NO UP -PCU2D- 5 IFETH0 10.16.140.134 L 25 YES UP -PCU2D- 5 IFETH1 10.16.140.134 L 25 Active NO UP -PCU2D- 6 IFETH0 10.16.140.135 L 25 interface YES UP PRIORISED ----- ----1500 NO 1500 NO 1500 NO 1500 NO 1500 NO 1500 NO 1500 NO 1500 NO 1500 NO MTU

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Instructions, step 1-3 Results


PAPU

Checked PCU configuration IP address == 10.16.140.132 address type == logical assigned port == IFETH0 admin status == YES Conclusion Checked and OK Checked and NOK If the administrative state is not UP,
change the state of the network interface with the ZQRN-command

IP backbone

Site Switch-1

Site Switch-2

SWU-2

SWU-3

PCU

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Gb over IP troubleshooting Instruction steps for Interface down problem


Problem description

Step (1) Local host connectivity


Step (2) Remote host and gateway connectivity Step (3) ESB port states Step (4) MSTP port roles Step (5) MSTP failure

Step (6) VLAN


Step (7) Testing

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Instructions, step 2-1 Gateway and remote host connectivity


Check gateway and remote host connectivity Problem may be in IP backbone and/or SGSN (PAPU) addition to BSC local IP problems Basic connection tests are between affected PCU and SGSN/Site Switch Advanced test can be done for rest of combinations within the connection path Site switch 1 to SGSN Site Switch 1 to next hop (next gateway) Site Switch 2 to SGSN Site Switch 2 to next hop (next gateway)

PAPU

IP backbone
Site Switch-1

Site Switch-2

SWU-2

SWU-3

PCU

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Instructions, step 2-2 Gateway address


Check configuration of the gateway address (in affected PCU) E.g. PCU-4 in BCSU-0
QKB:BCSU,0; LOADING PROGRAM VERSION 4.18-0 BSC3i BSC1 2007-09-03 11:28:25

INTERROGATED STATIC ROUTES ROUTE UNIT DESTINATION GATEWAY ADDRESS TYPE ------------------- ------------------ ------------------ ----BCSU-0 -PCU2D-3 DEFAULT ROUTE 10.16.137.129 LOG BCSU-0 -PCU2D-4 DEFAULT ROUTE 10.16.137.129 LOG BCSU-0 -PCU2D-5 DEFAULT ROUTE 10.16.137.129 LOG BCSU-0 -PCU2D-6 DEFAULT ROUTE 10.16.137.129 LOG COMMAND EXECUTED NBR ---------2 3 4 5

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Instructions, step 2-3 Remote host connectivity


Send a PING from active interface (PCU) to the alarmed IP address of the
remote host.
QRX:BCSU,0:PCU2D,4:IP=10.16.51.5:PING:; BSC3i BSC9 2007-09-02 16:39:38

PING, SENDING UNIT: BCSU-0 Pinging 10.16.51.5 (10.16.51.5) with 64 bytes of data: Request timed out: Resource temporarily unavailable (35). COMMAND EXECUTED

If you receive a positive response, it means that IP transport is working end-to-end and thus there is not IP transport problem. Otherwise continue with the instructions.
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Instructions, step 2-4 Check the gateway connectivity


Send a PING from affected PCU to the gateway address.
QRX:BCSU,0:PCU2D,4:IP=10.16.137.129:PING:; BSC3i BSC9 2007-09-02 16:41:30

PING, SENDING UNIT: BCSU-0 Pinging 10.16.137.129 (10.16.137.129) with 64 bytes of data: Request timed out: Resource temporarily unavailable (35). COMMAND EXECUTED

If you receive a positive response, it means that IP transport is working between PCU and Site Switch and thus there is not problem in the BSC IP site. Otherwise continue with the instructions.
Customer Confidential 59 Nokia Siemens Networks IP training 2007/Timo Eloranta

Instructions, step 2-5 Results


Results of connectivity tests Gateway == timeout
address
== 10.16.137.129
PAPU

SGSN
address

== timeout
== 10.16.51.5
Site Switch-1

IP backbone

Conclusion
Checked and only gateway is OK
Check backbone routing configuration (to
next hop) and/or request backbone support

Site Switch-2

Checked and not OK


IP transport is down in local site
SWU-2 SWU-3

PCU

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Gb over IP troubleshooting Instruction steps for Interface down problem


Problem description

Step (1) Local host connectivity


Step (2) Remote host and gateway connectivity Step (3) ESB port states Step (4) MSTP port roles Step (5) MSTP failure

Step (6) VLAN


Step (7) Testing

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Instructions, step 3-1 ESB port states


Check port states in ESB-2 and ESB-3 Problem may be in ESB port admin state
and/or duplex setting
IP backbone PAPU

Site Switch-1

Site Switch-2

SWU-2

SWU-3

PCU

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Instructions, step 3-2 Port states in each ESB (PCULAN)


Check the ESB port states and duplex mode settings.
SWU-2#SH interface ============================================================================== |Port |Name |Type |State |Link|DuplSpeed|Flow |Backpres|Default Vlan +-----+--------+--------+-------+----+---------+-------+--------+------------1/1/1 100TX enable up full-100 disable disable 0001 1/1/2 100TX enable down unknown disable disable 0001 1/1/3 swu0-sw~ 100TX enable up full-100 disable disable 0111 1/1/4 100TX enable down unknown disable disable 0001 1/1/5 gb 100TX enable up half-100 disable disable 0101 1/1/6 gb 100TX enable up half-100 disable disable 0101 1/1/7 gb 100TX enable up half-100 disable disable 0101 1/1/8 gb 100TX enable up half-100 disable disable 0101 1/1/9 gb 100TX enable up half-100 disable disable 0101 1/1/10 gb 100TX enable up half-100 disable disable 0101 1/1/11 gb 100TX enable up half-100 disable disable 0101 1/1/12 gb 100TX enable up half-100 disable disable 0101 1/1/13 gb 100TX enable up half-100 disable disable 0101 1/1/14 gb 100TX enable up half-100 disable disable 0101 1/1/15 gb 100TX enable up half-100 disable disable 0101 1/1/16 gb 100TX enable up half-100 disable disable 0101 1/1/17 gb 100TX enable up half-100 disable disable 0101 1/1/18 gb 100TX enable up half-100 disable disable 0101 1/1/19 swu2-sw~ 100TX enable up full-100 disable disable 0001 1/1/20 swu2-sw~ 100TX enable up full-100 disable disable 0001
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Instructions, step 3-3 Results


Port settings shall be following in ESB-2
and ESB-3 Duplex mode and speed
downlink == half (100) uplink == full (100 or 1000) redundance == full (100 or 1000)
IP backbone
Site Switch-1 uplink

PAPU

State Link

Site Switch-2

== enable == up

redundance

Conclusion Checked and OK Checked and not OK


Reconfigure interface

link

SWU-2

SWU-3

downlink

PCU

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Gb over IP troubleshooting Instruction steps for Interface down problem


Problem description

Step (1) Local host connectivity


Step (2) Remote host and gateway connectivity Step (3) ESB port states Step (4) MSTP port roles Step (5) MSTP failure

Step (6) VLAN


Step (7) Testing

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Instructions, step 4-1 MSTP instance for Gb VLAN/port roles


Check MSTP port roles in ESB-2 and ESB-3. Problem may be blocked port
PAPU

IP backbone
Site Switch-1

Site Switch-2

?
SWU-2

SWU-3

PCU

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Instructions, step 4-2 ESB ports in Gb VLAN


Check that the PCU host ports connected to the MSTP edge ports are
added to the Gb VLANs as untagged ports, and that the uplink and redundant ports are added to the correct VLANs as tagged ports.
SWU-2#SHOW VLAN ==================================================================== Name |VTag| Tagged ports | Untagged ports --------------------+----+---------------------+-------------------default |1 | | gb |101 |1/1/1,1/1/2,1/1/19, |1/1/5-1/1/18 | |1/1/20 | SWU-3#SH VLAN ==================================================================== Name |VTag| Tagged ports | Untagged ports --------------------+----+---------------------+-------------------default |1 | | gb |101 |1/1/1,1/1/2,1/1/19, |1/1/5-1/1/18 |1/1/20

Port configuration shall be equal with cabling

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Instructions, step 4-3 MSTP port roles in ESB-2 and ESB-3


Identify Gb VLAN instance and analyze the port roles. e.g. Gb VLAN 101.
SWU-2#show MSTP MST02 VLAN mapped = 101,121,131,600,621,631,800,821,831,1200,1221,1231,1300,1321,1331 Priority = 32768 Regional Root = 24578.00:1A:2F:8C:95:80 RemainingHopCount = 3 TopChanges = 1 ============================================================================ Port |Pri|Port role |State|PCost |DCost |Designated bridge |DPrt --------+---+----------+-----+---------+---------+------------------+------01/01/01 128 Root frwrd 200000 210000 28672.001A2F701580 128.004 01/01/05 128 Designated frwrd 200000 210000 32768.00A0120B2A1A 128.005 01/01/06 128 Designated frwrd 200000 210000 32768.00A0120B2A1A 128.006 01/01/07 128 Designated frwrd 200000 210000 32768.00A0120B2A1A 128.007 01/01/08 128 Designated frwrd 200000 210000 32768.00A0120B2A1A 128.008 01/01/09 128 Designated frwrd 200000 210000 32768.00A0120B2A1A 128.009 01/01/10 128 Designated frwrd 200000 210000 32768.00A0120B2A1A 128.010 01/01/11 128 Designated frwrd 200000 210000 32768.00A0120B2A1A 128.011 01/01/12 128 Designated frwrd 200000 210000 32768.00A0120B2A1A 128.012 01/01/13 128 Designated frwrd 200000 210000 32768.00A0120B2A1A 128.013 01/01/14 128 Designated frwrd 200000 210000 32768.00A0120B2A1A 128.014 01/01/15 128 Designated frwrd 200000 210000 32768.00A0120B2A1A 128.015 01/01/16 128 Designated frwrd 200000 210000 32768.00A0120B2A1A 128.016 01/01/17 128 Designated frwrd 200000 210000 32768.00A0120B2A1A 128.017 01/01/18 128 Designated frwrd 200000 210000 32768.00A0120B2A1A 128.018 AG03 128 Alternate block 100000 0 32768.00A0120B1818 128.023
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ROOT in Site Router

Edge ports to PCUs

Redundance LOOP blocked

IP training 2007/Timo Eloranta

Instructions, step 4-4 Results


Port roles shall be following in ESB2 and ESB-3
downlink == designated forwarding uplink == root forwarding redundance == alternative blocked
IP backbone
Site Switch-1 uplink
MSTP instance Gb ROOT Primary

PAPU

Conclusion
Checked and OK
if the port roles are according above Checked and may be OK if redundance link is ROOT. The reason
shall be checked (is link open to Site Switch via other ESB or not?).

redundance link

Checked and NOT OK


if ESB sees itself a ROOT if Site Switch is not the ROOT
downlink

SWU-2

SWU-3

PCU
MSTP opens port for IP path
Customer Confidential 69 Nokia Siemens Networks IP training 2007/Timo Eloranta

Gb over IP troubleshooting Instruction steps for Interface down problem


Problem description

Step (1) Local host connectivity


Step (2) Remote host and gateway connectivity Step (3) ESB port states Step (4) MSTP port roles Step (5) MSTP failure

Step (6) VLAN


Step (7) Testing

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Instructions, step 5-1 MSTP instance for Gb fails


If the port roles and states are not correct,
it means that there is a problem with the spanning tree configuration (see step 4). Possible causes uncompliant spanning trees used in Site
Switch(s) and ESB(s) e.g. PVST(+) MSTP configuration is not identical (name, revision, instance, vlan, mapping). Thus, ESB isolates itself and becomes a root.
Site Switch-1

PAPU

IP backbone

Site Switch-2

Check that MSTP is used in Site Switches


MSTP usage in Site Switches is
essential for L2 interoperability
SWU-2 SWU-3

PCU

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Instructions, step 5-2 MSTP instances


Give the show mstp configuration command.
S6_app_plat_C0#SHow SPanning-tree MSt CONfiguration Name [BSC_Plat] Revision 1 Instances configured 3 Instance -------0 Vlans mapped --------------------------------------------------------------------Site 1-100,102-109,111-119,122-129,132-599,601-609,611-619,622-629 632-799,801-809,811-819,822-829,832-1199,1201-1209,1211-1219 Switch-1 1222-1229,1232-1299,1301-1309,1311-1319,1322-1329,1332-4094 1 110,120,130,610,620,630,810,820,830,1210,1220,1230,1310,1320 1330 2 101,121,131,600,621,631,800,821,831,1200,1221,1231,1300,1321 1331 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------SWU-2#show mstp configuration Name [BSC_Plat] Revision 1 Instance Vlans mapped --------- --------------------------------------------------------------------0 1-100,102-109,111-119,122-129,132-599,601-609,611-619,622-629,632-799, 801-809,811-819,822-829,832-1199,1201-1209,1211-1219,1222-1229,1232-1299, SWU-2 1301-1309,1311-1319,1322-1329,1332-4094 1 110,120,130,610,620,630,810,820,830,1210,1220,1230,1310,1320,1330 2 101,121,131,600,621,631,800,821,831,1200,1221,1231,1300,1321,1331 -------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Site Switch-2

SWU-3

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Instructions, step 5-3 MSTP/Gb instance ROOT


In the L2 site, MSTP instance ROOT is the Switch
which priority is highest (== smallest value) Instance ROOT Site Switch 2 == ROOT primary (24576) Instance backup Site Switch 1 == ROOT secondary (28676) Instance never ROOT ESB(s) == esb default (32768)

MSTP instance Gb Secondary

MSTP instance Gb ROOT Primary

SWU-2
MSTP instance Gb

SWU-3
MSTP instance Gb ESB default

ESB
default

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Instructions, step 5-4 Results


Conclusion
Gb instance shall work when MSTP settings are equal in the each
region Switch and Site swith-2 has the ROOT priority.

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Gb over IP troubleshooting Instruction steps for Interface down problem


Problem description

Step (1) Local host connectivity


Step (2) Remote host and gateway connectivity Step (3) ESB port states Step (4) MSTP port roles Step (5) MSTP failure

Step (6) VLAN


Step (7) Testing

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Instructions, step 6-1 VLAN configuration


Check VLAN configuration in ESB-2 and
ESB-3, and Site Switches. Problem may be wrong VLAN id, unconfigured port or wrong tagging mode
Site Switch-1

PAPU

IP backbone

Site Switch-2

?
?
SWU-2

?
? ?
PCU SWU-3

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Instructions, step 6-2 Tagged and untagged ports in Gb VLAN


Check that the port you are investigating belongs to the Gb VLAN.
SWU-2#SHOW VLAN ==================================================================== Name |VTag| Tagged ports | Untagged ports --------------------+----+---------------------+-------------------default |1 | | gb |101 |1/1/1,1/1/2,1/1/19, |1/1/5-1/1/18 | |1/1/20 | SWU-3#show VLAN ==================================================================== Name |VTag| Tagged ports | Untagged ports --------------------+----+---------------------+-------------------default |1 | | gb |101 |1/1/1,1/1/2,1/1/19, |1/1/5-1/1/18 |1/1/20

Downlink ports (mstp-edge)

Uplink and redundance ports


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Instructions, step 6-3 Default VLAN


Check default VLAN setting for PCU ports
SWU-2#SHOW interface ============================================================================== |Port |Name |Type |State |Link|DuplSpeed|Flow |Backpres|Default Vlan +-----+--------+--------+-------+----+---------+-------+--------+------------1/1/1 100TX enable up full-100 disable disable 0001 1/1/2 100TX enable down unknown disable disable 0001 1/1/3 swu0-sw~ 100TX enable up full-100 disable disable 0111 1/1/4 100TX enable down unknown disable disable 0001 1/1/5 gb 100TX enable up half-100 disable disable 0101 1/1/6 gb 100TX enable up half-100 disable disable 0101 1/1/7 gb 100TX enable up half-100 disable disable 0101 1/1/8 gb 100TX enable up half-100 disable disable 0101 1/1/9 gb 100TX enable up half-100 disable disable 0101 1/1/10 gb 100TX enable up half-100 disable disable 0101 1/1/11 gb 100TX enable up half-100 disable disable 0101 1/1/12 gb 100TX enable up half-100 disable disable 0101 1/1/13 gb 100TX enable up half-100 disable disable 0101 1/1/14 gb 100TX enable up half-100 disable disable 0101 1/1/15 gb 100TX enable up half-100 disable disable 0101 1/1/16 gb 100TX enable up half-100 disable disable 0101 1/1/17 gb 100TX enable up half-100 disable disable 0101 1/1/18 gb 100TX enable up half-100 disable disable 0101 1/1/19 swu2-sw~ 100TX enable up full-100 disable disable 0001 1/1/20 swu2-sw~ 100TX enable up full-100 disable disable 0001

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Instructions, step 6-4 Results


Gb VLAN configuration shall be following
in ESB-2 and ESB-3. - DOWNLINK
- default VLAN - tagged ports - untagged ports -UPLINK - default VLAN - tagged ports - untagged ports -REDUNDANCE LINK - default VLAN - tagged ports - untagged ports
== Gb VLAN (e.g. 101) == not used == all PCU ports == not used == GB VLAN == not used == not used == GB VLAN == not used
IP backbone PAPU

Site Switch-1

Site Switch-2

GB VLAN Tagged

GB VLAN Tagged

SWU-2
GB VLAN GB VLAN default Untagged

GB VLAN Tagged

SWU-3
GB VLAN GB VLAN default

Untagged

PCU

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Instructions, step 6-5 Gb VLAN in Site Switches


Check VLAN configuration in the Site Switches
CISCO#SHOW RUNNING-CONFIG interface GigabitEthernet1/0/4 description swu3_BSC1 switchport trunk encapsulation dot1q switchport trunk allowed vlan 101,111 switchport mode trunk switchport nonegotiate duplex full speed 100 spanning-tree link-type point-to-point interface Vlan101 description gb ip address 10.16.137.131 255.255.255.192 no ip proxy-arp standby 1 ip 10.16.137.129 standby 1 timers msec 500 2 standby 1 priority 200 standby 1 preempt delay minimum 60

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Instructions, step 6-6 Results


Gb VLAN configuration shall be following
in Site Switches. Interface port
- allowed trunk
== Gb VLAN == Gateway address
Site Switch-1

PAPU

IP backbone

Interface VLAN(Gb)
standby
Site Switch-2

GB VLAN Tagged

GB VLAN Tagged

SWU-2

SWU-3

PCU

Customer Confidential 81 Nokia Siemens Networks

IP training 2007/Timo Eloranta

Gb over IP troubleshooting Instruction steps for Interface down problem


Problem description

Step (1) Local host connectivity


Step (2) Remote host and gateway connectivity Step (3) ESB port states Step (4) MSTP port roles Step (5) MSTP failure

Step (6) VLAN


Step (7) Testing

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Instructions, step 7-1 Gateway address is ready for testing


Send ping to gateway IP address the address is active in the same site
switch where is MSTP root.
IP backbone
S6_app_plat_C1#SHow STANdby VLAN 101 Vlan101 - Group 1 Site State is Active Switch-1 2 state changes, last state change 5w6d Virtual IP address is 10.16.137.129 Active virtual MAC address is 0000.0c07.ac01 Local virtual MAC address is 0000.0c07.ac01 (v1 default) Hello time 500 msec, hold time 2 sec Next hello sent in 0.374 secs Preemption enabled, delay min 60 secs SWU-2 Active router is local Standby router is 10.16.137.130, priority 100 (expires in 1.605 sec) Priority 200 (configured 200) IP redundancy name is "hsrp-Vl101-1" (default)
IP packet

PAPU

MSTP instance Gb HSRP active ROOT

Primary

SWU-3

PCU
PING

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Instructions, step 7-2 Remote address is ready for testing


Send ping to remote IP address
PAPU

Note: IP route configuration in site switch (static,


ospf , rip etc) -> next hop ip address is needed
IP backbone
MSTP S6_app_plat_C1#SHOW IP ROute OSpf 10.0.0.0/8 is variably subnetted, 101 subnets, 6 masks O 10.16.154.128/26 [110/3] via 10.16.176.250, 2w4d, GigabitEthernet1/0/52

Site Switch-1

instance Gb

HSRP
IP route

ROOT

Primary

O
O O O O

10.16.155.128/26
[110/3] via 10.16.176.250, 2w4d, GigabitEthernet1/0/52 10.16.152.128/26 [110/3] via 10.16.176.250, 2w4d, GigabitEthernet1/0/52 10.16.153.128/26 [110/3] via 10.16.176.250, 2w4d, GigabitEthernet1/0/52 10.16.148.128/28 [110/3] via 10.16.176.253, 2w4d, GigabitEthernet1/0/52 10.16.142.128/26 [110/3] via 10.16.176.244, 2w4d, GigabitEthernet1/0/52

SWU-2

SWU-3

PCU
IP packet PING
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Content
BSC IP introduction Redundancy models VLAN Spanning tree L2 and L3 technologies Gb over IP troubleshooting Interface down Capacity throughput problem What next?

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Capacity throughput problem Symptoms


A problem with IP transport may be seen as a bad throughput in the end user perspective or dropping of CS call. BSC application alarms may not be raised. Supervision may recognize temporarily problems in IP transport. Remote host (IP address) is reachable and NSEI is WO-EX.

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Capacity throughput problem Possible causes


PAPU

There are several possible causes: IP path configuration not symmetric in backbone Duplex mode configuration mismatch Spanning tree topology changes in BSC or SGSN site e.g. broken cable

IP backbone

Site Switch-1

Site Switch-2

SWU-2

SWU-3

PCU

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Un-symmetric IP routing problem may cause CS call dropping


Configuration mistakes may reveal in Site Switch switchover
IP routing table (in backbone) includes only one path from backbone to BSC. All subnets (BSC) are available only via one Site Switch. Active HSRP and OSPF subnet may not locate in the same Site Switch Default timers and preempt values in HSRP
Site Switch-1

IP packet

IFETH0
Site Switch(s)

SGSN 0/1

BSC
IP packet

IP backbone

IFETH1
HSRP active

Site Switch-2
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Some IP packets lost between PCU and ESB


Duplex mode configuration mismatch Choros PCU half duplex ESB full-duplex
SWU-2

SWU-3

NSEI in WO-EX and CS call is successful No alarms No logs Count of Total RX Errors & FCS error will raise The mismatch causes packet lost when in
higher capacity

PCU

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Temporarily backbone access is missing

Spanning tree topology changes in BSC


or SGSN site e.g. SW or HW failure
SWU-2#SH MSTP Multiple spanning trees ProtocolSpecification Priority TimeSinceTopologyChange TopChanges CIST Root CIST Port CIST External Path Cost MaxAge HelloTime ForwardDelay BridgeMaxAge BridgeHelloTime BridgeForwardDelay ProtoMigratioDelay MaxHopCount TxHoldCount = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = enabled ieee8021s 32768 0 (Sec) 3 24576.00:1A:2F:70:15:80 01/01/01 0 20 (Sec) 2 (Sec) 15 (Sec) 8 (Sec) 2 (Sec) 15 (Sec) 3 (Sec) 5 3 Site Switch-1 Site Switch-2

ROOT? SWU-2 SWU-3

PCU

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Content
BSC IP introduction Redundancy models VLAN Spanning tree L2 and L3 technologies Gb over IP troubleshooting Example of customer problems Interface down Capacity throughput problem What next?

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BSC Problem Reporting


When you suspect problem with IP transport, do as follows to collect all information required to solve problem.
Printout of each site switch data. Open Telnet session or local CLI connection (serial cable) to the site router and give the following commands.

PAPU

show version
show running-config show interfaces show vlan show spanning-tree mst (or other used spanning-tree) Printout of each SWU data. Open Telnet session (ZW6T:SWU,<index>:) or local CLI connection (serial cable) to the SWU and give the following commands. show version show running-config show interface show vlan show mstp (or other used spanning-tree)

Site Switch-1

IP backbone
Site Switch-2

SWU-2

SWU-3

PCU
Printout of alarm history ZAHO; Printout of network interface data (IP address) ZQRI; Printout of active internet connections ZQRS:<unit>,<index>:<unit>,<index>; Printout of route data (gateway IP address) ZQKB; ZQKO;
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Printout of host reachability test


ZQRX:<unit>,<index>:<unit>,< index>:IP=<remote host ip address>:; ZQRX:<unit>,<index>:<unit>,< index>:IP=<gateway ip address>:; Printout of LAN switch supervision ZYFF; Printout of LAN switch status ZUSI:SWU; ZUSI:CNW;

Ethereal / Port monitoring

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References


BSC/TCSM, Rel. S12, Product Documentation in NED library BSC Site IP Connectivity Guidelines (DN03502792) Integrated LAN Administration (DN0423824) NOLS ESB20-A 10/100 Mbit Ethernet Switch User Guide (DN03403532) ESB26 GigabitEthernet Switch User Guide (DN04130328) Intranet B12 training material on IP connectivity
http://www6.connecting.nokia.com/net/dx200web.nsf/document/ES396CJCXL?OpenDocument

TCP/IP Platform Guide


http://pi.nokia.com/urn.htm?id=09006c37809db34d&docb=espoo11&auth=T&version=current&document_id=13-399937

Internet RFC repository maintained by the IETF Secretariat


http://www.ietf.org/rfc

IEEE Standards
http://www.ieee.org

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Thank You.

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