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LEADERSHIP STYLE

SUBMITTED TO
PROF. SUNIL BAKSHI

SUBMITTED BY
226 - SUSHANT SRIVASTAVA 236 - VAIBHAV KUMAR 246 - VINITA BHAGAT 256 - SUMIT TIWARY 266 - SIMRANJEET SINGH

Definitions
Leadership is the capacity to translate vision in to realities.

- Warren G. Bennis
Leadership is the process of encouraging and helping

others to work enthusiastically towards objectives. It is behavior of an individual when he is directing the activities of a group towards a shared goal.

Essence of leadership.
Leadership refers to the ability of one individual to influence others. It is exercised to change the behaviour of others. Leader possesses a set of qualities which he uses to influence others. Leadership is a group phenomenon. Leadership involves interaction between two or more people.

IN RAMAYANA SAGE VALMIKI FOCUS ABOUT A TEAM WITHOUT A LEADER IS JUST


LIKE A HEARD OF A CATTLE WITHOUT A KEEPER
LIKE AN ARMY WITHOUT A GENERAL LIKE A NIGHT WITHOUT A MOON LIKE A GROUP OF COWS WITHOUT A BULL SUCH WOULD BE THE COUNTRY WHERE THE KING IS NOT SEEN.

LEADERSHIP STYLE
The behavior that leader exhibit during supervision of subordinates is known as leadership style. It is a typical approach a particular person uses to lead the people.

Leaders assumption about sub ordinates

STYLE

Leaders actual behaviour while interacting with sub ordinates

TYPES OF LEADERSHIP STYLE


Style based on the amount of authority retained by the leader. Style based on the relative emphasis place on the task to be performed versus that placedon people. Style based on the assumption about people made by the leader. Entrepreneurial leadership style.

STYLE BASED ON AUTHORITY RETAINED


An

autocratic and authoritarian style. Leader is competent. Decision of leader is passed to the subordinates. Instruction about implementation of decision is given & subordinates are expected to do what the leader has told them to do.

ADVANTAGE

DISADVANTAGE

Tasks are efficiently completed. No opportunity for time consuming. One way communication associated. Workers are made aware about what to do. workers feel secure.

Low employee moral. Workers following leader directions lose initiative and avoid responsibility for any errors. They are not aware about their job. what they have to do they know but why they dont know.

PARTICIPATIVE STYLE
1. Consultative leaders they solicit opinion from group before making any decision, yet they do not feel to obliged to accept the group thinking. they make it clear that they have full authority to make final decision. 2. Consensual leaders they encourage group discussion on an issue and then make a decision that reflect the general agreement . consensual leader delegate more authority to the group. This style leads to considerable delay in decision making because every have to give their consent. 3. Democratic leaders they function as a collector of opinion and take a vote before making a decision. democratic leaders gives full authority to sub ordinates.

FREE-REIN STYLE

Free rein leaders choose not to adopt a leadership role and actually abdicates leadership position, generally relinquishing it to some one else in the work group. While technically not a leadership style it does warrant brief mention since the absence of leader ship may have a positive and negative effect.

STYLE BASED ON TASK V/S PEOPLE EMPHASIS.


Based on the relative concern the leader places on the task to be performed vis--vis the people performing the task. A leader who places greater emphasis on task performance tends to exhibit the following character.

Organizing and defining the role of the group members. Explaining what role they have to perform and when, where and how task are to be accomplished. establishing well defined pattern of organization, channels of communication and way to task accomplishment.

A LEADER WHO PLACES GREATER EMPHASIS ON PEOPLE TRIES TO GAIN THEIR RELATIONSHIP BY EXHIBITING SUCH BEHAVIORS AS :
1. ESTABLISHING CHANNELS OF COMMUNICATION.

2. EXTENDING PSYCHOLOGICAL SUPPORT TO THEM.


3. DEVELOPING MUTUAL TRUST. 4. DEVELOPING EMPATHY FOR THEM .

Four Key leader Behaviours

People Emphasis High

High relationship And Low task (supporting style)

High task and High relation ship (participative style)

Low task and Low relationship (Free Rein style)

High task and Low relationship (Autocratic style)

Low LOW

HIGH

STYLE BASED ON ASSUMPTION ABOUT PEOPLE


THIS IS A TWO WAY CLASSIFICATION DEPENDING UPON WHAT A LEADER MAKES ABOUT HIS OR HER FOLLOWERS.
IT IS BASED ON THE THEORY X & THEORY Y GIVEN BY MC GREGOR. THEORY X LEADER ARE AUTOCRATIC .THEY DISTRUST PEOPLE AND BELIEVE IN CLOSE SUPERVISION AND TIGHT CONTROL OVER SUBORDINATE. THEORY Y LEADERS ARE PARTICIPATIVE THEY TRUST SUB ORDINATES AND ALLOW THEM TO PARTICIPATE IN DECISION MAKING.

ENTREPRENEURSHIP LEADERSHIP STYLE


ENTREPRENEUR IS A PERSON WHO CONVERT AN INNOVATIVE IDEA IN TO BUSINESS. IMPATIENCE AND BRUSQUENESS TOWARDS EMPLOYEE BECAUSE THE ENTREPRENEUR IS ALWAYS BUSY. A HEAVY TASK ORIENTATION COMBINED WITH A VERY DIRECT APPROACH TO GIVING INSTRUCTION TO EMPLOYEE. A CHARISMATIC PERSONALITY THAT INSPIRES OTHER TO WANT TO DO BUSINESS WITH HIM OR HER DESPITE THE IMPATIENCE.

A MUCH STRONGER INTEREST IN DEALING WITH CUSTOMER THAN EMPLOYEE. A STRONG DISLIKE FOR BUREAUCRATIC RULE AND REGULATIONS. ANXIETY TO CONSOLIDATE BUSINESS GAIN AS QUICKLY AS POSSIBLE.